What are the sources of International public law? Le droit international expliqué | Quelles sont les sources du droit international? By Hesham Elrafei https://www.linkedin.com/in/heshamelrafei Overview of the sources of international public law as stated in Article 38 of the international court of justice ICJ statute : treaty, customary law, courts decisions, jurisprudence and law principles. Sources of International Law , explained , simplified and visualized. Les sources du droit international public مصادر القانون الدولي وفقال لمادة 38 من النظام الأساسي لمحكمة العدل الدولية 1 What are the sources of international law? 2 The term ‘source of law’ refer to legal rules governing the international community. 3 Unlike national laws , where sources of law are specified in a norm superior to laws and regulations, usually a constitution, no such norm exists in international law. 4 The International Court of Justice, stipulated a catalogue of sources of international law, which is used when deciding legal disputes submitted before the world court. 5 the first source is international treaties, whether a general or particular treaty, a bilateral ,regional or multinational one, 6 a treaty is a binding international agreement. by which the countries are obliged to observe their contractual obligations. 7 the 2nd source is customary law. At the outset, international law was mainly constituted by customs. 8 which is by its nature, universal, whereas treaty law binds the parties to these treaties only 9 International custom consists of 2 elements: First is State practice, which means What generally States Do and Say. 10 Oppinio Juris is the 2nd element of customary law. It means that the state practice, has to be accepted as law, by the other states. 11 In addition to treaties and customs, other sources exist, such as Judicial decisions , juristic writings and general principles of law. 12 while they are not formal sources , they can still play an important role as an evidence of the law.
Views: 149595 Hesham Elrafei
The Responsibility of International Organizations and the International Law Commission: A Conversation between Professors Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and José E. Alvarez, NYU The responsibility of international organizations has been an important concern of the international community for some years. In 2011, the International Law Commission adopted the "Draft Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations." These articles will be debated in the UN General Assembly's Sixth Committee. In addition, cases before the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights (in particular Kadi/Behrami/Al-Skeini/Al-Jedda) have raised significant questions about the human rights obligations of the United Nations as well as member states cooperating with UN actions. Such questions have arisen in the course of implementing UN sanctions or undertaking UN peacekeeping operations. Have the ILC and international judges asked the right questions and reached the right answers with respect to allocating responsibility on the UN? What is the International Law Commission's role in resolving such issues? Prof. Georg Nolte, member of the International Law Commission, and Prof. J.E. Alvarez, the Herbert and Rose Rubin Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, addressed these issues in the form of a conversation at New York University School of Law.
Views: 9217 NYU School of Law
ASIL's New Professionals Interest Group hosts a luncheon panel to discuss what qualities constitute great international law scholarship. The panel consists of American Journal of International Law (AJIL) editors Dinah Shelton and David P. Stewart, as well as Journal Managing Editor Julie Furgerson.
Views: 1661 asil1906
What is STATE RESPONSIBILITY? What does STATE RESPONSIBILITY mean? STATE RESPONSIBILITY meaning - STATE RESPONSIBILITY definition - STATE RESPONSIBILITY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The laws of state responsibility are the principles governing when and how a state is held responsible for a breach of an international obligation. Rather than set forth any particular obligations, the rules of state responsibility determine, in general, when an obligation has been breached and the legal consequences of that violation. In this way they are "secondary" rules that address basic issues of responsibility and remedies available for breach of "primary" or substantive rules of international law, such as with respect to the use of armed force. Because of this generality, the rules can be studied independently of the primary rules of obligation. They establish (1) the conditions of actions to qualify as internationally wrongful, (2) the circumstances under which actions of officials, private individuals and other entities may be attributed to the state, (3) general defences to liability and (4) the consequences of liability. Until recently, the theory of the law of state responsibility was not well developed. The position has now changed, with the adoption of the Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts ("Draft Articles") by the International Law Commission (ILC) in August 2001. The Draft Articles are a combination of codification and progressive development. They have already been cited by the International Court of Justice and have generally been well received. Although the articles are general in coverage, they do not necessarily apply in all cases. Particular treaty regimes, such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the European Convention on Human Rights, have established their own special rules of responsibility.
Views: 2269 The Audiopedia
✪✪✪✪✪ WORK FROM HOME! Looking for WORKERS for simple Internet data entry JOBS. $15-20 per hour. SIGN UP here - http://jobs.theaudiopedia.com ✪✪✪✪✪ ✪✪✪✪✪ The Audiopedia Android application, INSTALL NOW - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wTheAudiopedia_8069473 ✪✪✪✪✪ What is INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE? What does INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE mean? INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE meaning - INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE definition - INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations (UN). Seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, the court settles legal disputes submitted to it by states and provides advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international branches, agencies, and the UN General Assembly. Established in 1945 by the UN Charter, the Court began work in 1946 as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice. The Statute of the International Court of Justice, similar to that of its predecessor, is the main constitutional document constituting and regulating the Court. The Court's workload covers a wide range of judicial activity. After the court ruled that the United States's covert war against Nicaragua was in violation of international law (Nicaragua v. United States), the United States withdrew from compulsory jurisdiction in 1986 to accept the court's jurisdiction only on a case-by-case basis. Chapter XIV of the United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce Court rulings. However, such enforcement is subject to the veto power of the five permanent members of the Council, which the United States used in the Nicaragua case. The ICJ is composed of fifteen judges elected to nine-year terms by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. The election process is set out in Articles 4–19 of the ICJ statute. Elections are staggered, with five judges elected every three years to ensure continuity within the court. Should a judge die in office, the practice has generally been to elect a judge in a special election to complete the term. No two judges may be nationals of the same country. According to Article 9, the membership of the Court is supposed to represent the "main forms of civilization and of the principal legal systems of the world". Essentially, that has meant common law, civil law and socialist law (now post-communist law). There is an informal understanding that the seats will be distributed by geographic regions so that there are five seats for Western countries, three for African states (including one judge of francophone civil law, one of Anglophone common law and one Arab), two for Eastern European states, three for Asian states and two for Latin American and Caribbean states. The five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (France, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, and the United States) always have a judge on the Court, thereby occupying three of the Western seats, one of the Asian seats and one of the Eastern European seats. The exception was China, which did not have a judge on the Court from 1967 to 1985 because it did not put forward a candidate. Article 6 of the Statute provides that all judges should be "elected regardless of their nationality among persons of high moral character" who are either qualified for the highest judicial office in their home states or known as lawyers with sufficient competence in international law. Judicial independence is dealt with specifically in Articles 16–18. Judges of the ICJ are not able to hold any other post or act as counsel. In practice, Members of the Court have their own interpretation of these rules and allow them to be involved in outside arbitration and hold professional posts as long as there is no conflict of interest. A judge can be dismissed only by a unanimous vote of the other members of the Court. Despite these provisions, the independence of ICJ judges has been questioned. For example, during the Nicaragua case, the United States issued a communiqué suggesting that it could not present sensitive material to the Court because of the presence of judges from Eastern bloc states.
Views: 13857 The Audiopedia
Pope Francis recently granted sainthood to two 19th century Palestinian nuns. So we were wondering what are the qualifications for becoming a saint? » Subscribe to NowThis World: http://go.nowth.is/World_Subscribe Learn More: Pope Francis Is Making Saints Out Of Two Palestinian Nuns http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/05/13/pope-francis-saints-palestinian-nuns_n_7260252.html "Pope Francis will bestow sainthood on two Palestinian nuns on Sunday (May 17), a move that's being seen as giving hope to the conflict-wracked Middle East and shining the spotlight on the plight of Christians in the region." How does someone become a saint? http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-27140646 "Pope John Paul II and Pope John XXIII are to be declared saints by the Catholic Church." Is Mother Teresa's Miracle for Real? http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2003/10/is_mother_teresas_miracle_for_real.html "On Sunday, Pope John Paul II beatified Mother Teresa of Calcutta, bringing her one step closer to sainthood." _________________________ NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today. More from NowThis: » Subscribe to NowThis News: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe » Like NowThis World on Facebook: https://go.nowth.is/World_Facebook » Connect with Judah: Follow @judah_robinson on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeJudah » Connect with Versha: Follow @versharma on Twitter – Facebook: http://go.nowth.is/LikeVersha http://www.youtube.com/nowthisworld Special thanks to Lissette Padilla for hosting TestTube! Check Lissette out on Twitter:https://twitter.com/lizzette
Views: 259950 NowThis World
Yes, even wars have laws. To find out more, visit http://therulesofwar.org ******** Rules of War in a Nutshell - script Since the beginning, humans have resorted to violence as a way to settle disagreements. Yet through the ages, people from around the world have tried to limit the brutality of war. It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the First Geneva Convention of 1864,and to the birth of modern International Humanitarian Law. Setting the basic limits on how wars can be fought, these universal laws of war protect those not fighting, as well as those no longer able to. To do this, a distinction must always be made between who or what may be attacked, and who or what must be spared and protected. - CIVILIANS - Most importantly, civilians can never be targeted. To do so is a war crime. “When they drove into our village, they shouted that they were going to kill everyone. I was so scared, I ran to hide in the bush. I heard my mother screaming. I thought I would never see her again.” Every possible care must be taken to avoid harming civilians or destroying things essential for their survival. They have a right to receive the help they need. - DETAINEES - “The conditions prisoners lived in never used to bother me. People like him were the reason my brother was dead. He was the enemy and was nothing to me. But then I realized that behind bars, he was out of action and no longer a threat to me or my family.” The laws of war prohibit torture and other ill-treatment of detainees, whatever their past. They must be given food and water and allowed to communicate with loved ones. This preserves their dignity and keeps them alive. - SICK & WOUNDED - Medical workers save lives, sometimes in the most dangerous conditions. “Several fighters from both sides had been critically wounded in a fierce battle and we were taking them to the closest hospital. At a checkpoint, a soldier threatened us, demanding that we only treat his men. Time was running out and I was afraid they were all going to die.” Medical workers must always be allowed to do their job and the Red Cross or Red Crescent must not be attacked. The sick or wounded have a right to be cared for, regardless of whose side they are on. - LIMITS TO WARFARE - Advances in weapons technology has meant that the rules of war have also had to adapt. Because some weapons and methods of warfare don't distinguish between fighters and civilians, limits on their use have been agreed. In the future, wars may be fought with fully autonomous robots. But will such robots ever have the ability to distinguish between a military target and someone who must never be attacked? No matter how sophisticated weapons become it is essential that they are in line with the rules of war. International Humanitarian Law is all about making choices that preserve a minimum of human dignity in times of war, and makes sure that living together again is possible once the last bullet has been shot.
Views: 5020293 International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
To watch the full lecture, please go to http://legal.un.org/avl/faculty/Crawford.html Mr. James Crawford, Professor of International Law, Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge
Views: 1109 UN Audiovisual Library
UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS Simplified Version This simplified version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people. 1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way. 2. Don't Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences. 3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. 4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave. 5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us. 6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you! 7. We're All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly. 8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly. 9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country. 10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do. 11. We're Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true. 12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason. 13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish. 14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe. 15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country. 16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated. 17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason. 18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want. 19. Freedom of Expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people. 20. The Right to Public Assembly. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don't want to. 21. The Right to Democracy. We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders. 22. Social Security. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old. 23. Workers' Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union. 24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax. 25. Food and Shelter for All. We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for. 26. The Right to Education. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn. 27. Copyright. Copyright is a special law that protects one's own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring. 28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world. 29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms. 30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
Views: 320146 CoursesinIreland
what the international law , the resources of Intentional law , what the different between National and international law, how is International law made . for more articles and video in Both languages Arabic and English , please visit Us on the bellow link . thank you [email protected] http://internationallawandglobaleaffairs.weebly.com
What is DIPLOMATIC PROTECTION? What does DIPLOMATIC PROTECTION mean? DIPLOMATIC PROTECTION meaning - DIPLOMATIC PROTECTION definition - DIPLOMATIC PROTECTION explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In international law, diplomatic protection (or diplomatic espousal) is a means for a State to take diplomatic and other action against another State on behalf of its national whose rights and interests have been injured by the other State. Diplomatic protection, which has been confirmed in different cases of the Permanent Court of International Justice and the International Court of Justice, is a discretionary right of a State and may take any form that is not prohibited by international law. It can include consular action, negotiations with the other State, political and economic pressure, judicial or arbitral proceedings or other forms of peaceful dispute settlement. In 2006, the International Law Commission adopted the Articles on Diplomatic Protection, regulating the entitlement and the exercise of diplomatic protection. Diplomatic protection traces its roots to the eighteenth century. The idea that a state has a right to protect its subjects who are abroad has been expressed by Emmerich de Vattel in his Law of Nations: "Whoever ill-treats a citizen indirectly injures the State, which must protect that citizen." Since this protection could take any form whatsoever, the doctrine has often been misused by Western powers as a pretext to intervene in the affairs of less powerful nations, sometimes resorting to the use of force (for example in China during the Boxer Rebellion and Venezuela in the early twentieth century). As a result, the doctrine of diplomatic protection has attracted much criticism, particularly in former colonies. Specifically, in Latin America, the Calvo Doctrine was devised to avoid the invocation of diplomatic protection by Western nationals. Nevertheless, diplomatic protection has been recognized as customary international law by international courts and tribunals as well as scholars. After the Second World War, with the use of force being outlawed as an instrument of international relations, diplomatic protection usually takes other forms, such as judicial proceedings or economic pressure. Traditionally, diplomatic protection has been seen as a right of the state, not of the individual that has been wronged under international law. An injury to an alien is considered to be an indirect injury to his home country and in taking up his case the State is seen as asserting its own rights. This means that a State is in no way obliged to take up its national's case and resort to diplomatic protection if it considers this not to be in its own political or economic interests. Customary international law recognises the existence of certain requirements that must be met before a state can validly espouse its national's interest. The two main requirements are exhaustion of local remedies and continuous nationality. Diplomatic espousal of a national's claims will not be internationally acceptable unless the national in question has given the host state the chance to correct the wrong done to him through its own national remedies. Exhaustion of local remedies usually means that the individual must first pursue his claims against the host state through its national courts up to the highest level before he can ask the state of his nationality to take up those claims and that state can validly do so. The second important requirement is that the individual who has been wronged must maintain the nationality of the espousing state from the moment of injury until at least the presentation of the claim by way of diplomatic espousal. If the nationality of the individual in question changes in the meantime, the state of his former nationality will not be able validly to espouse his claims. The claim by a state on behalf of its national may also be dismissed or declared inadmissible if there is no effective and genuine link between the national concerned and the state that seeks to protect him (see the International Court of Justice judgment in the Nottebohm case).
Views: 756 The Audiopedia
"From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect" Presented by Professor Anne Orford UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2011 declared that human protection had become the 'defining purpose of the United Nations in the 21st Century'. Professor Anne Orford, holder of the Michael D Kirby Chair of International Law at Melbourne Law School, will explore the implications of the shift from the language of humanitarian intervention to the responsibility to protect. Dr Emily Crawford will provide a commentary.
Mr. Soofi is an Advocate Supreme Court of Pakistan and Senior partner of a leading law firm of Pakistan which has dealth with commercial matters, civil and constitutional cases.As Federal Minister for Law, Justice & Parliamentary Affairs during caretaker setup in 2013, he supervised the historic transition of civilian rule to the elected government. He is also the founding President of Research Society of International Law that contributed to development of international law in Pakistan. Mr. Soofi was a Member of Panel of Eminent Persons of OIC. He also remained Chairman of the UN Advisory Committee in Geneva contributing to several detailed UN Reports. Mr. Soofi has represented and advised Pakistan before international courts including ICC & ICSID, US district court, UK commercial court. He also represented as Pakistan’s co-agent before International Court of Justice (ICJ) in Republic of Marshall Island’s (RMI) case and achieved the only victory for Pakistan in ICJ. Mr. Soofi has advised the Government on international treaties, bilateral issues between India and Pakistan, UN Resolutions etc. Mr. Soofi is invited frequently to lecture on various aspects of international law issues relating to Pakistan at the National Defense College Islamabad, Command and Staff College Quetta, National Management College Lahore, Naval War College Lahore and several other institutes. He remained a visiting Professor of International Law at the Punjab University for over 10 years. Mr. Soofi is the author of over 100+ articles and comments printed in leading newspapers and journals of Pakistan. He is frequently invited by electronic and print media for expert comments on international law issues. Mr. Soofi has also delivered talks and lectures at venues like International Development Law Organization Rome, Regional Centre for Strategic Studies, Sri Lanka, Shanghai University China, Fletcher School USA, Royal United Services Institute, London and Harvard Law School, USA. He graduated from Government College Lahore with Roll of Honor in debates and later did his LLB from Punjab University Law College and his LLM from University of Cambridge, UK. Key Highlights Representing Government of Balochistan in the $220 million Reko Deq arbitration before ICSID and ICC (TCC v Government of Pakistan). Appointed as co-agent to represent Pakistan in the RMI case before the International Court of Justice. Argued and won the landmark Pakistan Steel Mills case in relation to its privatization before the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Successfully represented the Government of Balochistan (BOP) in a mattering relating to the exploration and production of gold and copper from Reko Diq mines, Chagai Hills, Balochistan. Successfully represented All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA) in challenging various surcharges and duties in relation to electricity and gas for before the Lahore High Court and Islamabad High Court. Successfully represented the Federal Government before the Lahore High Court against a challenge to the construction of Fortress Square Mall inside Fortress Stadium, Lahore. Appointed by President of Sri Lanka as a member to the panel of advisers to the Commission on Missing Persons & War Crimes set up by the Sri Lankan Government. Frequently advise directors of the Crescent Group on a broad range of corporate, regulatory and commercial matters. Education – LLM, University of Cambridge(1988) – LL.B, University of Punjab
Views: 2317 Qanoondan
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. In this lesson we learn in details about the United Nations and its organs namely - Security Council, Economic Council and Social Council. Must watch for all. Watch to learn more. Important for UPSC aspirants. You can find the entire course here: https://goo.gl/PGLkFA Download the Unacademy Learning App from the Google Play Store here:- https://goo.gl/02OhYI Discuss the course with fellow aspirants here:- https://goo.gl/BXtjUQ
Views: 198714 Unacademy
Sub for more: http://nnn.is/the_new_media | Next News viewer Ronin sent in this article from SPEISA who reports, Norway is ready to abandon the Geneva Convention if Sweden collapses. The border will be closed by force, and Swedish refugees will be rejected without the possibility to seek asylum. "We are prepared for the worst," says Prime Minister Erna Solberg. See the report here: https://youtu.be/1272KaueAQ8 Read more: http://speisa.com/modules/articles/index.php/item.2527/norwegian-government-we-will-abandon-international-law-if-sweden-collapses.html ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ SUPPORT THE NETWORK WITH THE LINKS BELOW! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Patreon $5/mo: http://nnn.is/monthly-gift-5 Give once: http://nnn.is/one-time-gift Give BTC: 1FavdYfkWAJyvG3NQYincevCmP28v28uPg Tip Brian The Editor: http://nextnewsnetwork.com/tip-the-editor/ T-Shirt Shop: http://nnn.is/get-your-gear-here Gold buyer's strategy: http://nnn.is/free-gold-secret Teach Your Child About Liberty: http://nnn.is/1HvxU37 Watch Us on Tiger Steam! http://nnn.is/GET-TIGER --- $50 off promocode: BUYTIGERSTREAM Cast your vote in the Selection 2016 Poll: http://nextnewsnetwork.com/election-2016-poll/ ---------------------------------------- Send Us News Tips! ---------------------------------------- http://nextnewsnetwork.com/viewer-submitted-news/ ---------------------------------------- FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL! ---------------------------------------- http://Facebook.com/NextNewsNet http://Twitter.com/NextNewsNet http://NextNewsNetwork.com Hashtag: #N3 Community Guidelines Disclaimer: The points of view and purpose of this video is not to bully or harass anybody, but rather share that opinion and thoughts with other like-minded individuals curious about the subject to encourage conversation and awareness.
Views: 49948 The Next News Network
A comprehensive online resource containing over 1600 peer-reviewed articles on every aspect of public international law, making it the definitive reference work in the discipline. http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL Written and edited by an incomparable team of over 800 scholars and practitioners, published in partnership with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and updated throughout the year, this major reference work is essential for anyone researching or teaching international law. Discover more at http://opil.ouplaw.com/home/EPIL (c) Oxford University Press
Views: 1049 Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press)
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: International law Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International law is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted in relations between nations. It serves as a framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations. International law differs from state-based legal systems in that it is primarily applicable to countries rather than to private citizens. National law may become international law when treaties permit national jurisdiction to supranational tribunals such as the European Court of Human Rights or the International Criminal Court. Treaties such as the Geneva Conventions may require national law to conform to respective parts. International law is consent-based governance. This means that a state member may choose to not abide by international law, and even to break its treaty. This is an issue of state sovereignty. International laws are consent-based. Violations of customary international law and peremptory norms (jus cogens) can lead to wars.
Views: 3 Subhajit Sahu
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: International legal theories Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International legal theory comprises a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches used to explain and analyse the content, formation and effectiveness of public international law and institutions and to suggest improvements. Some approaches center on the question of compliance: why states follow international norms in the absence of a coercive power that ensures compliance. Other approaches focus on the problem of the formation of international rules: why states voluntarily adopt international legal norms, that limit their freedom of action, in the absence of a world legislature. Other perspectives are policy oriented; they elaborate theoretical frameworks and instruments to criticize the existing rules and make suggestions on how to improve them. Some of these approaches are based on domestic legal theory, others are interdisciplinary, while others have been developed expressly to analyse international law.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of international law 00:01:08 1 Early history 00:02:51 2 Nation-states 00:04:33 3 Hugo Grotius 00:06:26 4 Treaty of Westphalia 00:09:50 5 The League of Nations 00:10:57 6 The postwar era 00:12:19 7 Modern customary international law 00:13:51 8 Modern treaty law 00:15:50 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of international law examines the evolution and development of public international law in both state practice and conceptual understanding. Modern international law developed out of Renaissance Europe and is strongly entwined with the development of western political organisation at that time. The development of European notions of sovereignty and nation states would necessitate the development of methods for interstate relations and standards of behaviour, and these would lay the foundations of what would become international law. However, while the origins of the modern system of international law can be traced back 400 years, the development of the concepts and practises that would underpin that system can be traced back to ancient historical politics and relationships thousands of years old. Important concepts are derived from the practice between Greek city-states and the Roman law concept of ius gentium (which regulated contacts between Roman citizens and non-Roman people). These principles were not universal however. In East Asia, political theory was based not on the equality of states, but rather the cosmological supremacy of the Emperor of China.
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BOOK REVIEW NATURAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT International Economic Law Perspectives Edited by Celine Tan and Julio Faundez ISBN: 978 1 78347 837 8 (book) 978 1 78347 838 5 (ebook) Edward Elgar Publishing Limited www.e-elgar.com www.elgaronline.com IMPROVING THE GOVERNANCE OF WORLD NATURAL RESOURCES: A COMPENDIUM OF CURRENT LEGAL PERSPECTIVES FROM EDWARD ELGAR An appreciation by Elizabeth Robson Taylor of Richmond Green Chambers and Phillip Taylor MBE, Head of Chambers and Reviews Editor, “The Barrister” It would seem, at first glance, that the natural readership base for this book would be international lawyers specializing in environmental law. But no -- and not necessarily. Published recently by Edward Elgar Limited, the book is actually an excellent research handbook and a distinguished one at that. Comprising fifteen carefully researched articles by as many international contributors from top universities worldwide, it reflects the international disquiet regarding the governance (or lack of it) of natural resources, especially in situations where often obvious flaws in governance – particularly in developing countries -- can wreak devastating consequences within local populations. In such circumstances, almost inevitable tensions can arise between, say, investors and local communities affected, often adversely, by natural resources projects. Both from the University of Warwick (where discussions on these and related issues took place), editors Celine Tan and Julio Faundez remark that the chapters contained in this volume ‘highlight the fact that the international governance and management of natural resources has become an important area for international research law and policy-making as ‘conflict over their use becomes more acute’. The comment is made that while natural resources are central to global economic growth, problems often arise in the shape and form of legal, territorial and political disputes between states with in -- the worst situations -- negative impact on human rights. ‘These tensions’, say the editors ‘will only be resolved if the international community establishes a comprehensive and equitable legal framework for the regulation of natural resources’. This book will do much to advance the debate on the ways and means by which just such an equitable legal and political framework might possibly be achieved. It maintains a clear focus on the intersection between issues of regulation and governance on the one hand -- and environmental law, human rights law and other areas of international law, on the other. The articles on these points certainly cover a broad range of enquiry, from investment treaties. political risk insurance, tropical forests and climate change, to global value chains and the role of the WTO -- and of course, much more. Information-rich and erudite, this book with its emphasis on responsibility in the exploitation of natural resources, provides advocates and practitioners in this area of law with a lot of ammunition in disputes, debates and the more than occasional court battle on environmental and related issues. Specialists in political science and economics as they pertain to public policy, will also find the book useful, as it is further enriched by copious footnoting and lengthy and detailed bibliographies at the end of each article throughout. The publication date is cited as at 25th August 2017.
Views: 66 Phillip Taylor
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Main articles: Public international law has a special status as law because there is no international police force, and courts (e.g. the International Court of Justice as the primary UN judicial organ) lack the capacity to penalise disobedience. next 5th part
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International law Main articles:  However, a few bodies, such as the WTO, have effective systems of binding arbitration and dispute resolution backed up by trade sanctions. Conflict of laws (or "private international law" in civil law countries) concerns which jurisdiction a legal dispute between private parties should be heard in and which jurisdiction's law should be applied. next 6th part
Views: 47 What is law definition
Hello Everybody! Welcome to Finology Legal! In this Video I am discussing Article 14 Fundamental Right of Indian Constitution- Right to Equality, that is article 14 of the Indian constitution with Case Laws- I will be discussing Rule of Law and Indian Constitution Art 14 (1) - Equality before law in Indian Constitution Art 14 (2) - Equal Protection of Laws in Indian Constitution Along with important case laws of Article 14 which deals with: Old Doctrine of equality which was propounded in the case of State of Bombay v. F.N. Balsara New Doctrine which talks about the dynamic concept of equality, propounded in the case of E.P. Royappa v. State of Tamil Nadu I have tried to simplify and explain the development and expansion of the fundament right to Equality which is conceptualized into Article 14 with Case law on Indian Constitution ^Article 12 - https://youtu.be/KfaM_kopdx0 ^Article 13 - https://youtu.be/mZ9pNndZcUs ^Article 15 - https://youtu.be/S1i06Jm2Kz4 ^Article 16 - https://youtu.be/wvgEFRJ02dE ^Article 19 - https://youtu.be/sY5koIrpHrw ^Recent Supreme Court Judgement on Section 377 - https://youtu.be/1GGsUFrcuQY Do comment below your Feedback, Doubts and Suggestions! Instagram: finologylegal
Views: 70595 Finology Legal
This lecture was hosted by the Murphy Institute's Center for Ethics and Public Affairs at Tulane University on November 15, 2014. Ryan Goodman is the Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Professor of Law at the New York University School of Law, as well a Professor of Politics and Professor of Sociology at NYU. Prior to joining NYU, Professor Goodman was the inaugural Rita E. Hauser Professor of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at Harvard Law School. The author of dozens of articles on public international law, international human rights law, and international relations, Professor Goodman has also published six books and edited volumes, including Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law, with Derek Jinks (Oxford University Press, 2013); International Human Rights, with Philip Alston (Oxford University Press, 2012); and Interrogations, Forced Feedings, and the Role of Health Professionals, with Mindy Jane Roseman (Harvard University Press, 2009). He also is co-editor-in-chief of the national security blog, JustSecurity.org.
Views: 421 The Murphy Institute
Is international humanitarian law up to the job of protecting the people affected by modern-day armed conflicts? This film looks in turns at the poor security conditions frequently confronting the civilian population, the fact that people often have to flee their homes, hostage-taking, the dangers posed by cluster munitions, and the work of preventing and, punishing war crimes. It tells us the basic rules of the law and reminds us that respecting them is everyone's responsibility. http://www.icrc.org
Views: 64860 International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Team DNLU is delighted to introducing you to our organizing secretary Ms. Swati Singh Parmar. Ms. Swati Singh Parmar as a highly-motivated and hard work orientated law scholar, she has a proven track record of sound academics. She has been awarded ‘Gold Medal’ and ‘Excellence in knowledge creation -Award’ by Amity University, Uttar Pradesh for the performance during the LL.M. course. Her areas of interest include Public International law, International Human Rights, International Organisations, and Jurisprudence. She has published four book chapters and ten research articles in international research journals on issues relating to international law. She also has presented research articles at 21 national and nine international academic conferences. She is the member of the Advisory Board, Internationalism, a peer reviewed international journal in international law. She has been the member of editorial board of five reputed research journals. We at DNLU endeavour to give the best platform possible, for an experience that's worth all the hard work and excitement. While every hour is pivotal in the preparation leading up to this National conference, the next 7days give you one last chance to be a part of a conference that promises to make a difference. Important dates:- Last date for Abstract Submission- 2nd March 2019, Intimation of Acceptance of Abstract- 3rd March2019, Last date for sending Registration form and fees- 4th March 2019, Last date for Submission of Full papers- 8th March 2019. Address your queries at :- email - [email protected] Ph. No. - 07905726732 Website - mpdnlu.ac.in #DNLU #livelaw #scconline #lawctopus #NLU #law #conference #national #workshop #consumer #rights #protection #madhyapradesh #lawsociety #lawconference #futurelawyers #innovation #careers #india
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Customary international law 00:00:47 1 Recognition of customary international law 00:01:41 1.1 iJus cogens/i 00:02:47 2 Codification of international customary law 00:03:36 2.1 Silence as consent 00:05:32 3 The International Court of Justice 00:07:50 4 Bilateral versus multilateral customary international law 00:08:42 5 Other customary international laws 00:09:24 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Customary international law is an aspect of international law involving the principle of custom. Along with general principles of law and treaties, custom is considered by the International Court of Justice, jurists, the United Nations, and its member states to be among the primary sources of international law. Many governments accept in principle the existence of customary international law, although there are differing opinions as to what rules are contained in it. In 1950, the International Law Commission listed the following sources as forms of evidence to customary international law: treaties, decisions of national and international courts, national legislation, opinions of national legal advisors, diplomatic correspondence, and practice of international organizations.
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Dr Caleb H Wheeler is a lecturer in law at Middlesex University London, where he also received his PhD in 2018. His first book, The Right To Be Present At Trial In International Criminal Law, is based on his thesis and was published by Brill in October 2018. Dr Wheeler is also the author of multiple journal articles appearing in the Melbourne Journal of International Law, International Criminal Law Review and Criminal Law Forum. He is currently working as co-editor with Dr Maureen Spencer, an Associate Professor at Middlesex, on a volume entitled Bureaucracy, State Secrecy and Access to Justice. Dr Wheeler’s research primarily focuses on international criminal trials and their participants. His thesis specifically examined the accused’s right to be present during trial and the role that right plays in ensuring that trial is fair. Dr Wheeler has also written articles looking at different rights held by the victims of international crimes, and specifically how those rights interact with the rights of the accused. Recently, Dr Wheeler’s research has expanded to encompass international criminal trials more broadly, and to consider whether they are capable of meeting the expectations of the participants and the goals discussed when the different international and internationalised criminal courts and tribunals were established. In addition to his PhD, Dr Wheeler has a BA from Kenyon College, a JD from Villanova University, and a LLM from Utrecht University. He practised as a lawyer in the United States for five years, serving as both Plaintiff and Defence counsel in first and third party insurance actions. In that capacity he handled a wide variety of matters including: civil rights violations, employment discrimination, medical malpractice, catastrophic injuries and property damage. Dr Wheeler is admitted to practice law in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the United States Federal Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
February 22, 2010 A Starr Forum event & a book talk with Victor Kattan and an introduction by Noam Chomsky Kattan is the author of more than half a dozen scholarly articles on the Arab-Israeli conflict in international law journals. His book "From Coexistence to Conquest: International Law and the Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict" was published in June 2009 by Pluto Books. Currently, Kattan is a teaching fellow at the Center for International Studies and Diplomacy at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Some of his previous posts include: research fellow in public international law at British Institute of International and Comparative Law; director and journalist with the London based media watchdog Arab Media Watch; and UN Development Programme TOKTEN consultant in Occupied Palestinian Territories.
Views: 1812 infiniteinfiniteinfi
The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties is a treaty concerning the international law on treaties between states. It was adopted on 22 May 1969 and opened for signature on 23 May 1969. The Convention entered into force on 27 January 1980. The VCLT has been ratified by 114 states as of April 2014. Some countries that have not ratified the Convention, such as the United States, recognize parts of it as a restatement of customary law and binding upon them as such. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 23324 Audiopedia
Since 2014 Professor Eiriksson is the Executive Director, Centre for International Legal Studies, Jindal Global Law School and Advisor, International Office and Global Initiatives at JGU. Professor Eiriksson has also served with the United Nations in New York from 1974 to 1977. He has been the Ambassador of Iceland in Ottawa (2003 - 2005), Pretoria (2008 - 2009) and New Delhi (2009 - 2014). He was a member of the United Nations International Law Commission from 1987 to 1996 and a Judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea from 1996 to 2002. He was a member of Icelandic delegations in numerous international forums. Professor Eiriksson is the author of The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (Nijhoff, 2002) and numerous articles on the law of the sea, legal education, international criminal law, international organizations, international relations, disarmament and human rights.
Views: 708916 Jindal Global University
After the horrors of the first half of the 20th century, the world (through the United Nations) tries to articulate universal human rights. World History on Khan Academy: From prehistory to today, this course covers the human events that have shaped our planet. View more lessons or practice this subject at https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/world-history/euro-hist/human-rights/v/international-human-rights?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc&utm_campaign=worldhistory Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today! Donate here: https://www.khanacademy.org/donate?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc Volunteer here: https://www.khanacademy.org/contribute?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=desc
Views: 24902 Khan Academy
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_legal_system 00:01:48 1 Bibliography 00:02:09 2 Further reading Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The international legal system is the foundation for the conduct of international relations. It is this system that regulates state actions under international law. The principal subjects of international law are states, rather than individuals as they are under municipal law. The International Court of Justice acknowledged in the Reparation for Injuries case that types of international legal personality other than statehood could exist and that the past half century has seen a significant expansion of the subjects of international law. Apart from states, international legal personality is also possessed by international organisations and, in some circumstance, human beings. In addition, non-governmental organisations and national liberation movements have also been said to possess international legal personality. Since 1945 the international legal system has been dominated by the United Nations and the structures that were established as part of that organisation. While the UN has been the object of significant criticism, it has nevertheless played a pivotal role both in the progressive development and codification of international law. The General Assembly of the UN has sponsored and promoted some of the most important developments of the last fifty years through the adoption of multilateral treaties and instruments. The Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969 are two of the most prominent examples. A significant role in the legal work of the UN is played by the Sixth Committee (Legal), one of the six committees of the General Assembly. The Committee deals with international law under Article 13(1)(a) of the Charter, which authorises the General Assembly to initiate studies and make recommendations to encourage the progressive development and codification of international law.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
EJIL: Live! Episode 18 In this episode of EJIL: Live! the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal, Professor Joseph Weiler, speaks with Catherine O’Rourke, Senior Lecturer in Human Rights and International Law at the Transitional Justice Institute and School of Law at Ulster University. Her article “Feminist Strategy in International Law: Understanding Its Legal, Normative and Political Dimensions” appears in issue 4 of volume 28 of the Journal. Rather than taking a specific problem and refracting it through gender and feminist concerns, this article constitutes a reflection on the field itself. The conversation deepens that reflection, whilst offering fascinating insights on how and why the article came into being, how the study underlying the article was conducted and what kind of general lessons may be gleaned from it. The conversation concludes with some thoughts on how scholars may weave a feminist sensibility into a general international law course. The interview was recorded at the European University Institute. EJIL: Live! is the official podcast of the European Journal of International Law (EJIL), one of the world's leading international law journals. Regular episodes of EJIL: Live! are released in both video and audio formats to coincide with the publication of each quarterly issue of the Journal, and include interviews with the authors of articles appearing in that issue as well as a wide variety of news and reviews when possible. Additional video episodes, EJIL: Live! Extras, are also produced from time to time. Episodes of EJIL: Live! can be accessed, in both audio and video formats, via the EJIL website (www.ejil.org) and EJIL:Talk! (www.ejiltalk.org). Video-format episodes can also be found on the EJIL: Live! channel on YouTube. Comments and reactions to EJIL: Live! episodes are welcome, and may be submitted to our blog, EJIL: Talk! For more information, we invite you to check our website: www.ejil.org.
Views: 436 EJIL Live
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Views: 0 Mnaze Kaglis
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Institute_for_International_Law_and_International_Relations 00:00:32 1 Overview 00:01:17 2 Practice areas 00:01:39 3 Offices 00:01:53 4 Sources 00:02:04 5 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The European Institute for International Law and International Relations (EIIR) is an independent policy institute and N.P. organisation which represents a center dedicated to studies and research on international law, international relations, strategic topics and social life. The EIIR is a laboratory for strategic studies to combine both legal and strategic studies in the same frame. The institute provides a forum in Europe, annually hosting events, debates, and negotiations.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_World_Approaches_to_International_Law 00:00:36 1 History 00:00:44 1.1 Early origins (Generation I) 00:01:25 1.2 New age movement (Generation II) 00:02:41 2 Objectives 00:03:28 3 Concepts 00:03:37 3.1 Third World 00:04:32 3.2 Approaches 00:05:25 3.3 International Law 00:07:23 4 Scholars 00:07:56 4.1 First Generationsup/sup 00:08:16 4.2 Second Generation 00:08:50 5 Criticism 00:10:11 6 See also 00:10:38 7 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) is a critical school of international legal scholarship and an intellectual and political movement. It is a "broad dialectic opposition to international law", which perceives international law as facilitating the continuing exploitation of the Third World through subordination to the West. TWAIL scholars (known as TWAIL-ers) seek to change what they identify as international law's oppressive aspects, through the re-examination of the colonial foundations of international law.
Views: 18 wikipedia tts
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sources of international law 00:00:32 1 The Statute of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) 00:01:36 2 Historic considerations and development 00:02:12 3 Hierarchy 00:03:11 4 Treaties as law 00:04:31 4.1 Treaties as custom 00:07:05 4.2 The United Nations Charter 00:07:33 5 International custom 00:08:43 5.1 State practice 00:11:41 5.2 Practice by international organizations 00:12:44 5.3 iOpinio juris/i 00:13:45 5.4 iJus cogens/i 00:15:23 6 General principles of law 00:18:18 7 Judicial decisions and juristic writings 00:18:58 7.1 Judicial decisions 00:19:52 7.2 Juristic writings 00:20:39 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= International law is the name of a body of rules which regulate the conduct of sovereign states in their relations with one another. Sources of international law include treaties, international customs, general principles of law as recognized by civilized nations, the decisions of national and lower courts, and scholarly writings. They are the materials and processes out of which the rules and principles regulating the international community are developed. They have been influenced by a range of political and legal theories.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
This lecture introduces Jean d'Aspremont's new book entitled 'International Law as a Belief System' (Cambridge University Press, 2017). The book makes the claim that international law bears the attributes of a belief system, for the fundamental doctrines (e.g. sources, responsibility, statehood, personality, interpretation jus cogens, etc) around which international legal discourses are articulated invent their origin and dictate their own functioning. According to this expository framework, fundamental doctrines’ invention of their origin and regulation of their functioning are made possible by their representation as rules derived from some key international instruments (e.g. the Statute of the International Court of Justice, the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, and the Articles on State Responsibility, the Reparations Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice, etc), thereby allowing the formation and the functioning of fundamental doctrines to be explained by fundamental doctrines themselves.
Views: 853 Jean d'Aspremont
Leila Sadat is one of the country's leading experts in international and comparative law. She is the author of more than three dozen articles and several books on international criminal law and justice, terrorism, crimes against humanity, French law and European Union Law.
Views: 160 WashULaw Video Library
In this episode of EJIL: Live! the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal, Professor Joseph Weiler, speaks with Dr Veronika Fikfak, Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Cambridge, whose article “Changing State Behaviour: Damages before the European Court of Human Rights”, appears in our 29:4 issue. In her pioneering article, Dr Fikfak analyses the ECtHR’s practice of awarding damages. She and a team of researchers spent three years coding 12,000 decisions of the Court, seeking to understand which variables in a case – relating to the victim, the state and the events that occurred – affect the amount of damages awarded and subsequent compliance. In this conversation Dr Fikfak talks about her motivation for undertaking this study, the premises upon which it is based and the surprising results that emerged. The interview was recorded at the IE Law School, Madrid. EJIL: Live! is the official podcast of the European Journal of International Law (EJIL), one of the world's leading international law journals. Regular episodes of EJIL: Live! are released following the publication of each quarterly issue of the Journal, and include interviews with the authors of articles appearing in that issue as well as news and reviews when possible. Additional episodes, EJIL: Live! Extras, are also released from time to time to address a range of topical issues. Episodes of EJIL: Live! can be accessed via the EJIL website (www.ejil.org) and EJIL:Talk! (http://www.ejiltalk.org/). Comments and reactions to EJIL: Live! episodes are welcome, and may be submitted to our blog, EJIL: Talk!
Views: 409 EJIL Live
Francis Boyle is a professor of international law at the University of Illinois College of Law, with—among many degrees—a PhD in Political Science from Harvard University. See his full biography here: https://law.illinois.edu/faculty-research/faculty-profiles/francis-boyle We recently had the chance to speak on a number of important, current issues, including Syria, Yemen, the DPRK, or North Korea, and the failure of supposedly alternative media. RELATED LINKS: The Haircut: https://youtu.be/2BO83Ig-E8E https://www.patreon.com/posts/interview-with-14579589 Trump threatening the DPRK: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/trump-un-north-korean-leader-suicide-mission-n802596 https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/19/remarks-president-trump-72nd-session-united-nations-general-assembly UN Charter article 33: http://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-vi/index.html Ken Roth tweets: https://twitter.com/kenroth/status/597005125018906625 http://www.brandonturbeville.com/2017/01/that-time-hrws-ken-roth-contradicted.html http://www.handsoffsyriasydney.com/articles/ken-roth-keeps-on-digging/#_blank Amnesty International: Imperialist Tool http://www.countercurrents.org/boyle231012.htm Democracy Now & Counter Punch Shills For War: https://www.democracynow.org/2011/9/14/after_gaddafis_fall_a_revitalized_libya#transcript https://www.globalresearch.ca/democracy-now-and-the-progressive-alternative-media-valued-cheerleaders-for-imperialism-and-war/31874 http://www.wrongkindofgreen.org/2017/05/09/democracy-now-launches-anti-syria-propaganda-campaign/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPp8eKBjcyA https://www.counterpunch.org/2016/10/20/syria-and-the-left-time-to-break-the-silence/ https://gowans.wordpress.com/2016/10/22/the-revolutionary-distemper-in-syria-that-wasnt/ https://www.counterpunch.org/2017/05/05/the-last-men-in-aleppo/ https://www.counterpunch.org/2016/08/26/anti-imperialism-and-the-syrian-revolution/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2017/01/28/those-who-transmit-syrian-voices-are-russian-propagandists-monitors-of-fake-news-negate-syrian-suffering/ Attack on Global Research: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/nato-research-centre-sets-sights-on-canadian-website-over-pro-russian-disinformation/article37015521/ http://www.radio4all.net/files/[email protected]/16-1-NATOsilencingGlobalResearch.mp3 CBC Pushing Long-Debunked Bana Story http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-october-31-2017-1.4378789/7-year-old-syrian-girl-who-tweeted-from-aleppo-shares-her-story-in-new-book-1.4378794 https://www.facebook.com/notes/ken-stone/cbc-continues-child-exploitation-of-bana-alabed-of-syria/1949057578748238/?hc_ref=ARSN4hftjOvn7AkbmyW96XASLoFBSsdR6HJQh7lg0JvMvtECjUdR25GcFh7rUErSWsc https://www.rt.com/op-edge/397339-bana-abed-syria-aleppo-twitter/ https://archive.is/20161203133922/https:/twitter.com/alabedbana/status/781597903924125697 https://twitter.com/AlabedBana/status/916739311176953856 https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=572&v=ydCy4sct1fg http://theduran.com/idlib-school-attack-and-how-the-un-covers-up-actual-war-crimes-citing-al-qaeda-propagandists-in-syria/ Countering War Propaganda: https://www.rt.com/op-edge/408618-syria-war-propaganda-media-west/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2017/09/03/syria-war-diary-what-life-is-like-under-moderate-rebel-rule/ http://www.mintpressnews.com/order-returns-to-western-syria-civilians-recount-horrors-rebel-rule/232380/ http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/07/liberated-homs-residents-challenge-notion-of-revolution/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2014/06/13/homs-we-wanted-to-protect-our-house/ https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2014/06/24/freedom/ https://www.facebook.com/vanessa.beeley https://twitter.com/VanessaBeeley http://21stcenturywire.com/author/21vbeeley/ http://21stcenturywire.com/2017/12/02/white-helmets-local-councils-uk-fco-financing-terrorism-syria-taxpayer-funds/ Busting Chemical Weapons Claims: https://www.lrb.co.uk/v35/n24/seymour-m-hersh/whose-sarin https://www.welt.de/politik/ausland/article165905578/Trump-s-Red-Line.html Prof. Boyle in Anti-War Panel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-OrPE6ZQgEI&feature=youtu.be On Yemen: https://sputniknews.com/middleeast/201703311052146668-us-saudis-yemen-genocide/ http://21stcenturywire.com/2017/09/21/vanessa-beeley-yemen-saudi-us-now-guilty-war-crimes/ http://www.balkanspost.com/article/389/analysis-american-allegations-iranian-missiles-yemen http://www.globalresearch.ca/not-tweetworthy-un-selectively-tweeting-syrian-villages-ignores-foua-kafarya-nubl-zahara/5501694 https://twitter.com/UN/status/916695639072808962 http://21stcenturywire.com/2016/09/06/syria-the-children-of-kafarya-and-foua-are-crying-in-the-dark/
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