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UK Supreme Court Judgments 6th November 2013 - Part 2
 
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[2013] UKSC 70 UKSC 2013/0023 In the matter of "The Alexandros T" UKSC 2013/0024 In the matter of "The Alexandros T" (No 2) UKSC 2013/0025 In the matter of "The Alexandros T" (No 3) The appeals concern issues of jurisdiction: whether the Court of Appeal was right to stay the proceedings pursuant to Article 27 of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters ('the Regulation').
Views: 821 UKSupremeCourt
Council Regulation on the Statute for a European Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statute_for_a_European_Company_Regulation_2001 00:00:22 See also 00:00:44 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8818366199557156 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Council Regulation (EC) No 2157/2001 of 8 October 2001 on the Statute for a European company (SE) is an EU law requiring member states to recognise the European Company as capable of being registered in each member state.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Boyko Borissov
Prime Minister of Bulgaria and Leader of PP GERB
 
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🇪🇺🇧🇬Boyko Borissov Prime Minister of Bulgaria and Leader of PP GERB Born Junе 13, 1959. In 1982 Borissov graduated from the Higher Special School of the Ministry of Interior as an engineer in “Fire Equipment and Safety” with the rank of ‘Lieutenant’. He then served as platoon commander and company commander in the Ministry of Interior. From 1985 to 1990 he was as lecturer at the Higher Institute for Police Officers’ Training and Scientific Research of the Ministry of Interior. He received a PhD for his dissertation thesis “Psycho-Physical Training of the Operational Staff”. In 1990 Borissov left the system of the Ministry of Interior and a year later established the “IPON-1” company, one of the largest security companies in the country and a corporate member of the International Association of Personal Protection Agents (IAPPA). Boyko Borissov is an individual member of IAPPA. On September 1, 2001 Borissov was appointed Secretary General of the Ministry of Interior by Decree Nr. 194/2001 of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria. He was promoted to the rank of ‘Colonel’ by an ordinance of the Minister of Interior. Borissov was awarded the rank of ‘Major General’ by Decree Nr. 32/2002 of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria. On June 25, 2004 he was awarded the rank of ‘Lieutenant General’. On November 10, 2005 Borissov was elected Mayor of Sofia Municipality by Decision Nr. 270/06.11.2005 of the Sofia Municipal Council. Since January 10, 2010 he is the Chairman of political party GERB (PP GERB). Boyko Borissov has received a number of awards over his career. These include: the international Foundation Prize (Prix de la Fondation) of the Crans Montana Forum for his commitment and efforts in countering corruption and organized crime in Bulgaria (2010), an award by Europol for good cooperation with the Bulgarian Security Services (2010), the bronze “European Bull” award by the Taxpayers Association Europe (TAE) (2009), Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (2006), a Baton of Honor by the Director General of the Spanish Police, a Medal for Comradeship-in-Arms by the Deputy Director of the Federal Security Service of Russia, the Medal of Honor of the French Police on behalf of the President of France and on behalf of the French Minister of Interior, Internal Security and Local Liberties, the Cross of Police Merit with a red star (Cruz al Mérito Policial) by the Minister of Interior of the Kingdom of Spain for special merits to the Spanish Police, a prize for outstanding contribution to the promotion of tennis in Bulgaria by President of Tennis Europe Jacques Dupre (2012), Certificate of Appreciation from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) with the US Department of Justice for outstanding contribution to countering drug-related crime, from the Ministry of Interior and the General Directorate of the Turkish National Police, from Europol Director Jurgen Storbeck, etc. Borissov was Member of Parliament from the Parliamentary Group of PP GERB in the 42nd National Assembly and was elected for Member of Parliament in the 43rd and 44th National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. He served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria from 27 July 2009 to 21 February 2013 and from 7 November 2014 to 27 January 2017. Borissov was elected for Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria on 4 May 2017 by the 44th National Assembly. http://www.gov.bg/en/Cabinet/Prime-Minister/BOYKO-BORISSOV Angel Bonchev Vladimir Sirkarov Georgi Milkov Veselina Yurukova
Views: 92 Mohamed sami
Government warned British cars 'won't qualify for free trade deals' after Brexit
 
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The government has been repeatedly told in private that British assembled cars will not qualify as British-made for the purposes of the much-vaunted free trade deals it hopes to sign upon leaving the European Union and its customs union. The government, in speeches and through its "Automotive Council", has repeatedly said that 44% of the value of UK cars is "local content". This would suggest that post-Brexit, the UK is not so far away from the thresholds of 55%-60% required to qualify for tariff-free trade in a typical trade deal. But, since the beginning of the year, the car industry has explicitly told the government, including at roundtables in Downing Street in the presence of the PM, that these numbers hugely overstate the position that is relevant for trade deals under so-called "rules of origin" regulations. This means that in the absence of special content deals, the bulk of UK assembled cars would not qualify for tariff-free treatment under a typical free trade deal. The discrepancy arises because the 44% figure includes foreign parts bought from UK suppliers. The automotive industry boss Mike Hawes confirmed the calculations to Sky News, saying: "To be able to take advantage of a free trade deal generally you need to say that the majority of the components that go into your products come from that country. "So if you look at automotive you'd have to say that at least 55% of a UK car comes from UK products but we're totally integrated into a European industry. "That real figure in the UK is really more like 25% because whilst we buy just under half our components from a UK supplier they in turn buy it from a range of suppliers in the UK and beyond so the actual figure is more like 25%. "If the target is 55-60% it shows you the distance we would have to go." Asked why the government is saying it is more like 44%, Mr Hawes, the chief of the Society of Motor Manufacturers, replied: "The UK automotive industry on average buys about 44% of its parts from a UK supplier but that's not what rules of origin is. "You have to look at something called 'originating content'. What proportion of the content comes from the UK in our instance. That is more like 20-25%". Sky News asked International Trade Secretary Liam Fox about this specific issue on the anniversary of Article 50 three months ago - whether cars might not qualify for his trade deal. Dr Fox replied: "In any trade agreement rules of origin is always an important element, you can't prejudge any one trade agreement. "But we would want to make sure that anything we signed up to was able to maximise the UK sale of goods - why would we sign up to something that wasn't actually going to give you a trading advantage?" This news shows that not only, as Sky News revealed yesterday, are European governments advising European export manufacturers to shun British parts, but that some of the marquee products from Britain would not qualify as "made in Britain" for free trade purposes. The government hopes to increase the proportion of locally-sourced content in the UK's automotive industry, and that approach could work with individual plants already using a high proportion of UK parts. But at a time when there is an electric and autonomous revolution in car use and tens of billions of pounds in investment being allocated, the industry is very worried about the impact of this on the chances of attracting revolutionary new battery plants to the UK. Such batteries would make up a very large part of the value of an electric car, and any difficulty on their import into continental Europe would likely scupper such a plan. The government may also seek to recognise EU content in the UK and vice versa, a process known as "cumulation", but that would require an agreed trade deal, and creates some issues, even if a transition deal is agreed, with important third countries such as South Korea, South Africa and Canada. A former Department for International Trade insider and British trade negotiator David Henig told Sky News that the government had been told about these rules of origin problems within a month of the referendum. Media also revealed an extraordinary Japanese government warning, including on these specific rules of origin issues in September 2016. Mr Henig told News provider : "It was raised by trade experts including myself in July 2016, that's the earliest article I can find about the impact of rules of origin on the UK leaving the EU. "It was of course only one of the issues and businesses themselves weren't aware of it right away. " World Business Current Affairs Financial Economy Global Markets Original Jedi Business Donations Welsome https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=DPK4PYVL8ZSZN
What's the Difference Between BCE/CE and BC/AD and Who Came Up with These Systems?
 
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If you happen to like our videos and have a few bucks to spare to support our efforts, check out our Patreon page where we've got a variety of perks for our Patrons, including Simon's voice on your GPS and the ever requested Simon Whistler whistling package: https://www.patreon.com/TodayIFoundOut →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/TodayIFoundOut?sub_confirmation=1 Never run out of things to say at the water cooler with TodayIFoundOut! Brand new videos 7 days a week! More from TodayIFoundOut How Dick Came to be Short for Richard https://youtu.be/BH1NAwwKtcg?list=PLR0XuDegDqP3-uys3Rl2dvdsFkk96zRbt Why Do We Call Scammers "Con Men"? https://youtu.be/J1tl0P4gbb8?list=PLR0XuDegDqP3-uys3Rl2dvdsFkk96zRbt In this video: BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) mean the same thing- previous to year 1 CE (Common Era). This is the same as the year AD 1 (Anno Domini); the latter means “in the year of the lord,” often translated as “in the year of our lord.” (It was thought when the AD dating system was created that its year 1 was the year Jesus of Nazareth was born.) Want the text version?: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2015/11/difference-bce-ce-bc-ad-come/ Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0_(year) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=A.D. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anno_Domini http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=B.C. http://www.historytoday.com/michael-ostling/bcad-dating-year-whose-lord http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=B.C.E.&allowed_in_frame=0 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=C.E. http://www.history.com/topics/charlemagne http://www.ancient.eu/Diocletian/ http://www.religioustolerance.org/ce_info.htm https://books.google.com/books?id=_IA3AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA155&lpg=PA155&dq=charlemagne+adopted+using+of+a.d.+and+b.c.&source=bl&ots=iz8HNYKp5M&sig=UKiOAHN5Xu7ZC8BDl-WuOve3hAk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDoQ6AEwBWoVChMItPeNs6_qyAIVAUkmCh2ivQoa#v=onepage&q=charlemagne%20adopted%20using%20of%20a.d.%20and%20b.c.&f=false http://www.livescience.com/45510-anno-domini.html http://www.britainexpress.com/History/bio/bede.htm http://www.livescience.com/27853-who-invented-zero.html http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/07/zero/376900/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Era https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletian https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletianic_Persecution http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=vulgar https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_the_Great_and_Christianity https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anno_Mundi https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damnatio_ad_bestias https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysius_Exiguus Image Credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roman-calendar.png https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_of_Jesus_in_the_New_Testament#/media/File:Gerard_van_Honthorst_001.jpg https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletian#/media/File:Diocletien_Vaux1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Triumph_of_faith_by_Eugene_Thirion.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nicea.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bede#/media/File:Nuremberg_Chronicle_Venerable_Bede.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fasciculus_temporum.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Johannes_Kepler_Uffizien.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Massacres_of_Christians_by_heathen_Chinese,_and_horrors_of_the_Boxers;_containing_a_complete_history_of_the_Boxers;_the_Tai-Ping_insurrection_and_massacres_of_the_foreign_ministers;_manners,_customs_(14773776101).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Constantine_the_Great_Statue_in_York,_commissioned_in_1998_and_sculptured_by_Philip_Jackson,_Eboracum,_York,_England_(7643906080).jpg https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-131343710/stock-vector-failed-red-grunge-round-vintage-rubber-stamp-failed-stamp-failed-round-stamp-failed-grunge-stamp-fai https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-201121663/stock-photo-easter-break-holiday-season-celebration https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-166252652/stock-photo-colorful-easter-egg-in-the-nest-and-wood-text-for-happy-easter-day-on-wood-background-with-space https://www.bigstockphoto.com/ru/image-111709190/stock-photo-a-salesman-in-doubt-can-not-find-the-solution-to-the-problem-concept-with-curvy-lined-arrows-and-question-marks-drawn-on-urban-wall Music from Jukedeck - create your own at http://jukedeck.com.
Views: 474856 Today I Found Out
National Security Journalism in an Age of Disinformation
 
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Monday, October 22, 2018 National Security and Shifting Geopolitics: Challenges at Home and Abroad Reiss Center on Law and Security Journalists and legal experts explored major challenges in national security journalism today, including the legal, professional, and ethical dilemmas posed by disinformation campaigns and major leaks or hacks of information facilitated by foreign governments. Co-sponsored by Just Security and the Reiss Center on Law and Security. Moderator: • Chris Hayes, MSNBC Host, All In With Chris Hayes Panelists: • Natasha Bertrand, Staff Writer, National Security and Politics, The Atlantic • Carol Leonnig, Investigative Reporter, Washington Post • David McCraw, Vice President and Deputy General Counsel, The New York Times Company • David Pozen, Professor of Law, Columbia Law School, Visiting Professor of Law, NYU School of Law (Spring 2019)
Views: 482 NYU School of Law
Message to the Bundesrat
 
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Message to the Federal Council of Switzerland The Federal Assembly - The Swiss Parliament Live+ Autumn session, 08 - 26 September 2014 http://www.parlament.ch/e/ ... Mitteilung an den Bundesrat ... ... ... Of course Switzerland should abandon its now constitutionally mandated balanced budget requirement. Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation: Art. 126, Sect. 1 The Confederation shall maintain its income and expenditure in balance over time. Adopted by the popular vote on 2 Dec. 2001 (Federal Decree of 22 June 2001, Federal Council Decree of 4 Feb. 2002) http://www.admin.ch/ch/e/rs/1/101.en.pdf ... ... ... "Do Politicians Understand Economics?" http://www.mackinac.org/19704 "Economist Round Table. Economics 101 for Politicians and Policy Makers" http://www.blogtalkradio.com/newcaptainsofindustry/2010/12/30/economist-round-table-economics-101-for-politician Because of Gold NO Money for Swiss People... January 6, 2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-IptkzG9Rrg Beyond The Swiss National Bank January 19, 2012 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hGwX5y0oYc
Views: 76 Alberto Veronese
E Cigarette Webinar featuring CASAA's Executive Director Julie Woessner and Scott Ballin
 
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Subscribe NOW to White Cloud Electronic Cigarettes: http://bit.ly/1Z18yUJ In the latest episode of E-Cigs Demistified the Executive Director of CASAA, Julie Woessner and veteran public health consultant Scott Ballin discuss the current state of E-Cigarette regulation and delve into some of the battles they have been fighting on behalf of the vaping community. In This Session: Background on CASAA 1:09 Julie Woesnner's History 2:30 Georgia Call to Action 4:30 Chicago Call to Action 5:20 HR 2058/FDA Deeming Regulations 6:05 Challenging Deeming Regulations: 8:20 Tobacco 21 9:20 CASAA Testimonials Project 12:00 CASAA Success Stories 14:20 How to Get Involved with CASAA 16:00 E-cig Myths 19:10 CASAA Survey 20:35 Julie's Meeting with the OMB+FDA 22:30 Viewer Questions for Julie 24:03 Scott Ballin's Introduction 28:45 Scott's Background 29:10 State of Tobacco Growers in the 90's 32:00 Consumer Action Steps 34:23 Why Scott Got Involved with Vaping Regulations 37:00 Lessons from Tobacco Industry Applied to E-cig Industry 39:15 Scott's Opinion on What Regulations Should Be Applied to E-cigs 42:05 Why Do Some People in Public Health Oppose E-cigs 44:20 Scott's Involvement with the University of Virginia 47:00 Viewer Questions for the Panel 50:00 --------------------------------------------------- Get more White Cloud: Follow White Cloud: http://twitter.com/WCcigs Like White Cloud: http://www.facebook.com/WhiteCloudCigarettes --------------------------------------------------- White Cloud has become a leading US-based e-cigarette company, standing out from an ever-growing slate of competitors through top-quality products, impeccable customer service, and a commitment to providing the widest range of product choice in this segment of the industry. --------------------------------------------------- And we like to have a lot of fun too! White Cloud Balloon Office Party http://bit.ly/1Z19jgB
Sebastián Yatra - No Hay Nadie Más
 
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Music video by Sebastián Yatra performing No Hay Nadie Más. (C) 2018 UMG Recordings, Inc. http://vevo.ly/uVKu9Z
Views: 671940596 SebastianYatraVEVO
Are We Heading Towards an EU Army? [PUBLIC MEETING]
 
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RUNNING ORDER: 00:00 Opening remarks by Luke Ming Flanagan MEP First Panel: PESCO and Irish Neutrality 09:18 Thomas Pringle TD 19:50 Clare Daly TD 33:12 Mick Wallace TD 48:41 Catherine Connolly TD 1:05:03 - First Q&A Second panel: EU Militarisation 1:33:09 Roger Cole, Peace and Neutrality Alliance 1:53:47 Claudia Haydt, Die Linke 2:10:10 Dr. Karen Devine, Dublin City University 2:27:17 Closing remarks by Luke Ming Flanagan MEP 2:38:39 Q&A www.pesco.ie www.lukemingflanagan.ie www.pana.ie
Views: 1022 Luke Ming Flanagan
Public Hearing on Section 232 National Security Investigation of Imports of Autos and Auto Parts
 
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The U.S. Department of Commerce will host a public hearing on its Section 232 investigation of imports of automobiles and automotive parts on Thursday, July 19 in the U.S. Department of Commerce Auditorium. The hearing, which begins at 8:30 a.m., will feature testimony from approximately 45 individuals, representing domestic and international companies, industry groups, labor, and foreign countries. Officials from the Department of Defense will also be participating. Agenda: https://www.commerce.gov/sites/commerce.gov/files/autos_232_hearing_-_july_19_2018_panel_schedule_final_071218.pdf More details: https://www.commerce.gov/news/press-releases/2018/07/us-department-commerce-host-public-hearing-section-232-national-security
Zeitgeist: The Movie [2010 Update]
 
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Zeitgeist: The Movie is a 2007 documentary film by Peter Joseph. This movie was first presented as a public performance and was later published online, along with a website: This version includes Peter Joseph's 2010 updates. For more information (Director's notes, sources and references), please refer to the companion source guide (PDF): http://tinyurl.com/zgcompanionguide http://www.zeitgeistmovie.com/ Embedding & sharing is highly encouraged. Note: Linguistic Team International is the official all-volunteer translation house for The Venus Project and The Zeitgeist Movement. This Repository location contains only fully proofread versions of the transcript & its derived translations, crafted with care by LTI Language Teams. More languages are added as they are completed. If your language is not yet represented here, consider helping these translation efforts by joining your respective language team at the LTI Forum: https://forum.linguisticteam.org To learn more: https://thezeitgeistmovement.com
BLUE SPAN IMMORTAL RANKED DOTA 2 STREAM
 
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Hello friends, this is (probably) high level Dota 2 play with Blue Span. Please be respectful in chat and we will be friends thank you. Daily stream around 0730 PST/2100 WIB/2200 GMT+8/1930PM IST Hero ranking/stat https://www.opendota.com/players/80467654/rankings Help support me! Come become a patron at https://www.patreon.com/bluespan Donate here https://youtube.streamlabs.com/bluespan Play free games which help me out here https://platform.gawkbox.com/BlueSpan PLAYLISTS RAP https://goo.gl/a7UttU KOREAN RAP https://goo.gl/Eukvcj POP https://goo.gl/h83npA NINTENDO https://bit.ly/2HSXVoW PERMANENT STREAM LINK TO BOOKMARK: https://gaming.youtube.com/c/BlueSpan/live LIKE US? JOIN US AT OUR DISCORD https://discord.gg/2nhPhsN Chat Rules: 1: No racism/hate/harassing. 2: Don't advertise your channel / beg for subscribers or shout outs. 3: English ONLY. 4: No backseat gaming (i.e. telling Blue Span what to do). Things I like: compliments, donations, encouragement and support, and friendly and nice people :-) Not looking for friend list adds or parties sry. PC SPECS: i7-8700K 16GB DDR4 2666 MHZ RAM GTX 1080 TI 512GB SAMSUNG 850 PRO SSD GEAR: LOGITECH G502 MOUSE RAZER BLACKWIDOW 2016 LOGITECH C922 CAMERA BLUE YETI MICROPHONE SENNHEISER CX 686 G / BOSE QC 35-2 ALIENWARE AW2518H 240HZ MONITOR TOBII EYE TRACKER 4C Follow my social media! Instant notifications for LIVE STREAMS/VIDS, ask me anything any time! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/bluespandota Twitter: https://twitter.com/bluespangaming Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/bluespangaming Twitch: http://www.twitch.tv/bluespantwitch Dotabuff: http://www.dotabuff.com/players/80467654 #Dota2 #Live #Youtube #Discord #BlueSpan
Views: 4554 Blue Span
Zeitgeist: The Movie (FULL FILM) 2012 Update [multi subtitles]
 
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with subtitles in english, hebrew, french, dutch, marathi, swedish and spanish [but except french, they are not officially proofed by the LinguisticTeam] Uploaded by Peter Joseph May 13th 2012 Color Update, Text Quality Improvement Here's the COMPANION SOURCE GUIDE to this movie: http://www.zeitgeistmovie.com/Zeitgeist,%20The%20Movie-%20Companion%20Guide%20PDF.pdf The material is protected by the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. If this film gets your interest, you may find this Webseite very educating http://zeitgeistmovie.com/
Views: 189434 FrankySnatra
Mother Teresa Children's Centre
 
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Situated in Chilomoni Township, Malawi, Africa, this very special children's centre is helping 1000's of children to have the best possible start in life. The centre offers life changing day care and family support as well as support for primary schools and nurseries throughout the community. Mother Teresa Children's Centre is now wholly funded by money generated through Beehive Centre for Social Enterprise, a Malawian lead not-for-profit organisation. It was initiated and continues to be supported through the provision of training and resources from Krizevac Project UK (registered charity 1115608) www.krizevac.org Krizevac Project is funded by Mobal Communications Ltd. www.mobal.com/ Filmed in 2015: our grateful thanks to Hewitt and Walker for their expertise, compassion and hard work in producing this film. www.hewittandwalker.com
Views: 2101 TheKrizevacProject
Chairman Speaks at Press Club Luncheon
 
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Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, delivers remarks during a luncheon at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., June 19, 2017. https://www.dvidshub.net/video/533130/chairman-speaks-press-club-luncheon
Views: 1142 Department of Defense
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Breyer Speaks At Bernstein Lecture
 
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Breyer focused largely on the relationship between the United States and foreign laws in an era of globalization, and said it is important for people to know what goes on outside our borders.
City of Santa Rosa Council Meeting March 12, 2019
 
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City meeting agendas, packets, archives, and live stream are always available at https://santa-rosa.legistar.com
Starr Forum: Brexit, Europe, and Trump
 
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April 6, 2017 - 4:30pm to 6:00pm Speaker: Jack Straw, Former British Foreign Secretary John Whitaker "Jack" Straw is an English politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn from 1979 to 2015. Straw served in the Cabinet from 1997 to 2010 under the governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. He held two of the traditional Great Offices of State, as Home Secretary from 1997 to 2001 and Foreign Secretary from 2001 to 2006 under Blair. From 2007 to 2010 he served as Lord Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Justice throughout Brown's Premiership. Straw is one of only three individuals to have served in Cabinet continuously under the Labour government from 1997 to 2010.
History of Western civilization | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of Western civilization Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is linked to the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy. The civilizations of Classical Greece and Ancient Rome are considered seminal periods in Western history; a few cultural contributions also emerged from the pagan peoples of pre-Christian Europe, such as the Celts and Germans, as well as some significant religious contributions derived from Judaism and Hellenistic Judaism stemming back to Second Temple Judea, Galilee, and the early Jewish diaspora; and some other Middle Eastern influences. Christianity and Roman Catholicism has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization, which throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture. (There were Christians outside of the West, such as China, India, Russia, Byzantium and the Middle East). Western civilization has spread to produce the dominant cultures of modern Americas and Oceania, and has had immense global influence in recent centuries in many ways. Following the 5th century Fall of Rome, Western Europe entered the Middle Ages, during which period the Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left in the West by the fall of the Western Roman Empire, while the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire) endured in the East for centuries, becoming a Hellenic Eastern contrast to the Latin West. By the 12th century, Western Europe was experiencing a flowering of art and learning, propelled by the construction of cathedrals and the establishment of medieval universities. Christian unity was shattered by the Reformation from the 16th century. A merchant class grew out of city states, initially in the Italian peninsula (see Italian city-states), and Europe experienced the Renaissance from the 14th to the 17th century, heralding an age of technological and artistic advance and ushering in the Age of Discovery which saw the rise of such global European Empires as those of Spain and Portugal. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 18th century. Under the influence of the Enlightenment, the Age of Revolution emerged from the United States and France as part of the transformation of the West into its industrialised, democratised modern form. The lands of North and South America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand became first part of European Empires and then home to new Western nations, while Africa and Asia were largely carved up between Western powers. Laboratories of Western democracy were founded in Britain's colonies in Australasia from the mid-19th centuries, while South America largely created new autocracies. In the 20th century, absolute monarchy disappeared from Europe, and despite episodes of Fascism and Communism, by the close of the century, virtually all of Europe was electing its leaders democratically. Most Western nations were heavily involved in the First and Second World Wars and protracted Cold War. World War II saw Fascism defeated in Europe, and the emergence of the United States and Soviet Union as rival global powers and a new "East-West" political contrast. Other than in Russia, the European Empires disintegrated after World War II and civil rights movements and widescale multi-ethnic, multi-faith migrations to Europe, the Americas and Oceania lowered the earlier predominance of ethnic Europeans in Western culture. European nations moved towards greater economic and political co-operation through the European Union. The Cold War ended around 1990 with the collapse of Soviet imposed Communism in Central and Eastern Europe. In the 21st century, the Western World retains significant global economic power and influ ...
Views: 421 wikipedia tts
Political Concepts: The Trump Edition (Friday AM Session 2)
 
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Political Concepts at Brown: A Critical Lexicon in the Making The goal of Political Concepts is to serve as a platform for revising, inventing, and experimenting with concepts while exploring the political dimension of their use and dissemination. Participants operate under the assumption that our era urgently needs a revised political lexicon that would help us better understand the world in which we live and act, and that the humanities at large can and should contribute toward such a revision. In the past, some of the participants revised key political concepts while others showed the political work done by terms and common nouns that are not usually considered “political.” The 2017–2018 conference was dedicated to analyzing and contesting the transformation of the American political system under the presidency of Donald Trump. Moderator: Ann Stoler, Willy Brandt Distinguished Professor of Anthropology and History, The New School Presenters: Migrant — Lisa Lowe, Distinguished Professor of English and Humanities and Director of the Center for the Humanities, Tufts University Hegemony — Brian Meeks, Professor and Chair of Africana Studies, Brown University Friday, December 1st, 2017 Brown University
Views: 317 Brown University
Toronto and East York Community Council - July 4, 2018 - Part 2 of 2
 
10:05:11
Toronto and East York Community Council, meeting 34, July 4, 2018 - Part 2 of 2 Agenda and background materials: http://app.toronto.ca/tmmis/decisionBodyProfile.do?function=doPrepare&meetingId=12958 Part 1 of 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWS06r1OFlI#t=22m54s Meeting Navigation: 0:11:32 - Meeting resume 7:05:38 - Meeting resume
Views: 1983 Toronto City Council
House Transportation and Regional Governance Policy Committee  3/13/18
 
02:42:28
00:41 - HF3593 (Nash) Deputy registrar and driver's license agent reimbursement program established, allocation of motor vehicle fees amended, technical and clarifying changes made, and money appropriated. 34:38 - HF3548 (Miller) Agricultural transportation hours of service requirements modified. 44:02 - HF2990 (Lien) Expiration periods for temporary motor vehicle permits extended. 48:04 - HF3528 (Koznick) Class of vehicles requiring a salvage certificate of title modified. 1:10:36 - HF3514 (Barr) Metropolitan Council promotional signs and activities prohibited. 1:50:41 - HF3346 (Runbeck) Loan conversion and lien release requirements established for a Transportation Department contract. 1:57:28 - HF3369 (Runbeck) Metropolitan Council transportation finance, budgeting, appropriations, accounting, fiscal planning, and reporting provisions established and modified. 2:26:15 - HF3469 (Runbeck) Transit system development implementation plan required. 2:38:44 - HF3682 (Runbeck) Counties Transit Improvement Board eliminated, and technical and conforming changes made. 2:40:12 - HF3681 (Runbeck) Metropolitan Council transportation division frequency of the transit financial activity review by the legislative auditor modified. Runs 2 hours, 42 minutes. * Connect with House Public Information Services: www.house.mn/hinfo/hinfo.asp * Find Minnesota House of Representatives news and updates at Session Daily: www.house.mn/sessiondaily/ *Connect with the Minnesota House of Representatives: www.house.mn
Views: 183 MNHouseInfo
Comprendre le commerce des armes avec Léo Grasset de DirtyBiology
 
13:42
Qu’est-ce que le commerce des #armes ? Comment fonctionne-t-il ? Et Quelle est la situation aujourd’hui dans le monde et en France ? Nous faisons le tour de la question avec le vidéaste Léo Grasset de la chaîne #DirtyBiology Pour plus d’information : https://www.amnesty.fr/controle-des-armes Voix off : DirtyBiology (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCtqICqGbPSbTN09K1_7VZ3Q) Production : atelier chenapans - www.chenapans.fr Conception éditoriale : Nathalie Achard - www.twitter.com/NathalieAchard Illustration : Jérémie Fischer - www.jeremiefischer.fr Animation : Mathieu Garcia - www.kinto-mo.tv Studio son : Baxendal - www.baxendal.com Musiques : Circus Marcus - La tapa del jueves www.jamendo.com/track/1162548/la-tapa-del-jueves Grégoire Lourme - Insomnia www.jamendo.com/track/1188987/insomnia ---------------------- C’est grâce à vous que nous pouvons enquêter, alerter, agir et sensibiliser. Nous sommes l’une des rares associations à ne pas solliciter de financement de la part des gouvernements, d’entreprises ou de partis politiques. Grâce au soutien de nos membres et de nos donateurs, nous agissons en toute indépendance et en toute liberté. Vous aussi, participez à notre liberté d’action et agissez pour plus de respect des droits humains dans le monde. Pour nous aider en faisant un don, c'est juste ici : https://bit.ly/2UISvxU ---------------------- Suivez l'actualité d'#Amnesty International : http://www.amnesty.fr/ Suivez-nous sur les réseaux sociaux: https://www.facebook.com/amnestyfr https://twitter.com/amnestyfrance
Views: 439349 AmnestyFrance
Internet censorship by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
04:45:39
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:53 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:03:07 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:55 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:07:04 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:53 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:10:07 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:11:08 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:11:20 3 Country classifications 00:12:05 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:13:18 3.1.1 span  00:15:41 3.1.2 span  00:17:56 3.1.3 span  00:20:32 3.1.4 span  00:22:30 3.1.5 span  00:25:01 3.1.6 span  00:27:13 3.1.7 span  00:29:24 3.1.8 span  00:30:31 3.1.9 span  00:31:33 3.1.10 span  00:32:17 3.1.11 span  00:33:52 3.1.12 span  00:34:42 3.1.13 span  00:36:47 3.1.14 span  00:38:31 3.1.15 span  00:39:26 3.1.16 span  00:40:48 3.1.17 span  00:42:43 3.1.18 span  00:44:10 3.1.19 span  00:46:13 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:47:28 3.2.1 span  00:49:48 3.2.2 span  00:51:28 3.2.3 span  00:53:20 3.2.4 span  00:54:12 3.2.5 span  00:56:33 3.2.6 span  00:58:33 3.2.7 span  00:59:46 3.2.8 span  01:01:40 3.2.9 span  01:07:53 3.2.10 span  01:11:20 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:12:31 3.3.1 span  01:15:08 3.3.2 span  01:15:55 3.3.3 span  01:18:44 3.3.4 span  01:20:10 3.3.5 span  01:22:45 3.3.6 span  01:24:45 3.3.7 span  01:26:51 3.3.8 span  01:29:59 3.3.9 span  01:30:39 3.3.10 span  01:33:38 3.3.11 span  01:35:06 3.3.12 span  01:36:50 3.3.13 span  01:38:41 3.3.14 span  01:41:01 3.3.15 span  01:42:26 3.3.16 span  01:43:35 3.3.17 span  01:45:57 3.3.18 span  01:47:00 3.3.19 span  01:48:18 3.3.20 span  01:50:28 3.3.21 span  01:54:21 3.3.22 span  01:56:15 3.3.23 span  01:57:18 3.3.24 span  01:58:38 3.3.25 span  02:00:32 3.3.26 span  02:00:40 3.3.27 span  02:03:36 3.3.28 span  02:03:44 3.3.29 span  02:06:29 3.3.30 span  02:08:09 3.3.31 span  02:09:56 3.3.32 span  02:10:50 3.3.33 span  02:13:11 3.3.34 span  02:14:22 3.3.35 span  02:16:58 3.3.36 span  02:21:15 3.3.37 span  02:24:44 3.3.38 span  02:26:14 3.3.39 span  02:27:21 3.3.40 span  02:28:20 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:29:36 3.4.1 span  02:32:20 3.4.2 span  02:33:00 3.4.3 span  02:33:42 3.4.4 span  02:36:21 3.4.5 span  02:37:28 3.4.6 span  02:41:06 3.4.7 span  02:42:35 3.4.8 span  02:43:21 3.4.9 span  02:44:31 3.4.10 span  02:45:47 3.4.11 span  02:46:42 3.4.12 span  02:47:43 3.4.13 span  02:48:20 3.4.14 span  02:49:38 3.4.15 span  02:50:44 3.4.16 span  02:52:14 3.4.17 span  02:53:46 3.4.18 span  02:55:04 3.4.19 span  02:56:36 3.4.20 span  02:57:42 3.4.21 span  02:58:37 3.4.22 span  02:59:48 3.4.23 span  03:00:58 3.4.24 span  03:02:03 3.4.25 span  03:03:10 3.4.26 span  03:04:09 3.4.27 span  03:05:35 3.4.28 span  03:07:36 3.4.29 span  03:08:32 3.4.30 span  03:09:16 3.4.31 span  03:10:14 3.4.32 span  03:11:19 3.4.33 span  03:14:28 3.4.34 span  03:16:52 3.4.35 span  03:18:13 3.4.36 span  03:21:33 3.4.37 span  03:22:47 3.4.38 span  03:25:26 3.4.39 span  03:26:24 3.4.40 span  03:28:37 3.4.41 span  03:30:02 3.4.42 span  03:32:26 3.4.43 span  03:33:29 3.4.44 span  03:34:29 3.4.45 span  03:35:26 3.4.46 span  03:36:45 3.4.47 span  03:37:47 3.4.48 span  03:38:58 3.4.49 span  03:41:09 3.4.50 span  03:42:52 3.4.51 span  03:44:13 3.4.52 span  03:44:59 3.4.53 span  03:46:31 3.4.54 span  03:47:45 3.4.55 span  03:48:49 3.4.56 span  03:53:38 3.4.57 span  03:55:16 3.4.58 span  03:56:40 3.4.59 span  03:57:35 3.4.60 span  03:58:17 3.4.61 span  03:59:54 3.4.62 span  04:00:41 3.4.63 span  04:02:00 3.4.64 span  04:03:39 3.4.65 span  04:05:28 3.4.66 span  04:06:10 3.4.67 span  04:06:50 3.4.68 span    04:07:23 3.4.69 span  04:09:39 3.4.70 span  04:10:21 3.4.71 span  04:11:54 3.4.72 span  04:12:39 3.4.73 span  04:13:42 3.4.74 span  04:15:25 3.4.75 span  04:16:40 3.4.76 span  04:18:01 3.4.77 span  04:18:47 3.4.78 span  04:19:15 3.4.79 span  04:20:42 3.4.80 span  04:21:24 3.4.81 span  04:22:23 3.4.82 span  04:24:08 3.4.83 span  04:25:11 3.4.84 span  04:26:53 3.4.85 span  04:27:54 3.4.86 span  04:29:59 3.4.87 span  04:31:16 3.4.88 span  04:33:14 ...
Views: 84 wikipedia tts
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
04:30:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 125 wikipedia tts
Madrid | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:45:54
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Madrid 00:03:20 1 Etymology 00:05:35 2 History 00:05:44 2.1 Middle Ages 00:08:00 2.2 Modern Age 00:12:18 2.3 From the 19th century to present day 00:17:10 3 Geography 00:17:54 3.1 Climate 00:19:28 3.2 Water supply 00:20:07 4 Demographics 00:21:07 4.1 Immigration 00:23:12 4.2 Religion 00:23:36 5 Government 00:25:07 5.1 Districts 00:28:00 6 Metropolitan area 00:29:17 7 Cityscape 00:29:25 7.1 Architecture 00:34:00 7.2 Urban sculpture 00:35:39 7.3 Environment 00:44:15 8 Economy 00:45:08 8.1 Economic history 00:46:15 8.2 Present-day economy 00:48:26 8.2.1 Standard of living 00:49:29 8.2.2 Employment 00:50:37 8.2.3 Services 00:52:31 8.2.4 Industry 00:53:36 8.2.5 Construction 00:54:16 8.2.6 International rankings 00:55:02 8.3 Media 00:56:28 9 Art and culture 00:56:38 9.1 Museums and art centres 01:09:04 9.2 Landmarks 01:10:41 9.3 Churches 01:16:31 9.4 Literature 01:19:40 9.5 Nightlife 01:21:03 9.6 Bohemian culture 01:22:17 9.7 Classical music and opera 01:23:36 9.8 Local festivities 01:24:29 9.9 Bullfighting 01:25:15 9.10 LGBTQ culture 01:26:41 10 Sport 01:26:50 10.1 Events 01:27:40 10.2 Football 01:29:14 10.3 Basketball 01:30:00 10.4 Sport clubs 01:30:09 11 Education 01:30:29 11.1 Universities 01:37:12 11.2 Business schools 01:38:30 12 Transport 01:38:58 12.1 Roads 01:40:48 12.2 Local transport 01:42:33 12.3 Long-distance transport 01:44:10 13 International relations 01:44:20 13.1 Twin towns and sister cities 01:44:33 13.2 Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities 01:44:53 13.3 Other partnerships 01:45:02 14 Notable people 01:45:11 15 Honours 01:45:27 16 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Madrid (, Spanish: [maˈðɾið]) is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has almost 3.2 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union (EU), smaller than only London and Berlin, and its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris. The municipality covers 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid. The Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, environment, media, fashion, science, culture, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to two world-famous football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, and market size, Madrid is considered the major financial centre of Southern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula; it hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index.Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), belonging to the United Nations Organization (UN), the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), and the Public Interest Oversight Board (PIOB). It also hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish (Fundéu BBVA). Madrid organises fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI a ...
Views: 91 wikipedia tts
French nationality law | Wikipedia audio article
 
21:12
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: French nationality law 00:01:04 1 History 00:01:19 1.1 19th century 00:01:32 1.1.1 Third Republic 00:02:21 2 Acquisition of citizenship 00:02:52 2.1 French citizenship by birth in metropolitan France and its overseas territories 00:04:14 2.2 French citizenship by birth abroad to at least one French citizen 00:05:18 2.3 French citizenship by birth in France 00:06:09 2.4 French citizenship by adoption 00:06:44 2.5 French citizenship by naturalization 00:06:54 2.5.1 Eligibility resulting from residency 00:09:30 2.5.2 Eligibility resulting from marriage to a French citizen 00:10:15 2.5.3 Eligibility resulting from service in the French Foreign Legion 00:10:48 3 French citizenship and identity 00:13:40 3.1 Rights and obligations of French citizens 00:15:55 4 Travel freedom of French citizens 00:16:47 5 Dual citizenship 00:17:40 6 Citizenship of the European Union 00:18:23 7 Denaturalization 00:19:12 8 Previous law: Article 21-19(5º) 00:20:51 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= French nationality law is historically based on the principles of jus soli (Latin for "right of soil"), according to Ernest Renan's definition, in opposition to the German definition of nationality, jus sanguinis (Latin for "right of blood"), formalised by Johann Gottlieb Fichte. The 1993 Méhaignerie Law required children born in France of foreign parents to request French nationality at adulthood, rather than being automatically accorded citizenship. This "manifestation of will" requirement was subsequently abrogated by the Guigou Law of 1998, but children born in France of foreign parents remain foreign until obtaining legal majority. Children born in France to tourists or other short-term visitors do not acquire French citizenship by virtue of birth in France: residency must be proven. Since immigration became increasingly a political theme in the 1980s, both left-wing and right-wing governments have issued several laws restricting the possibilities of being naturalized.
Views: 56 wikipedia tts
Kashmir conflict | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:46:07
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Kashmir conflict 00:05:10 1 India–Pakistan conflict 00:05:20 1.1 Early history 00:07:19 1.2 Partition and invasion 00:11:26 1.3 Accession 00:14:51 1.4 Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 00:18:01 1.5 UN mediation 00:22:22 1.6 Dixon Plan 00:24:32 1.7 1950 military standoff 00:28:08 1.8 Nehru's plebiscite offer 00:30:10 1.9 Sino-Indian War 00:30:54 1.10 Operation Gibraltar and 1965 Indo-Pakistani war 00:33:24 1.11 1971 Indo-Pakistani war and Simla Agreement 00:36:09 2 Internal conflict 00:36:18 2.1 Political movements during the Dogra rule 00:40:06 2.2 Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir 00:40:16 2.2.1 Autonomy and plebiscite conundrum (1947–1953) 00:46:11 2.2.2 Period of integration and rise of Kashmiri nationalism (1954–1974) 00:52:21 2.2.3 Revival of National Conference (1975–1983) 00:56:36 2.2.4 Rise of the separatist movement and Islamism (1984–1986) 01:01:33 3 Post-1987 insurgency in Indian administered Kashmir 01:01:46 3.1 1987 state elections 01:03:29 3.2 1989 popular insurgency and militancy 01:08:55 3.3 1999 Conflict in Kargil 01:10:22 3.4 2000s Al-Qaeda involvement 01:13:41 4 Reasons behind the dispute 01:16:17 4.1 Indian view 01:22:38 4.2 Pakistani view 01:27:32 4.3 Chinese view 01:28:09 4.4 Kashmiri views 01:32:56 5 Cross-border troubles 01:34:06 6 Pakistan's relation with militants 01:37:58 7 Water dispute 01:40:26 8 Human rights abuses 01:40:36 8.1 Indian administered Kashmir 01:57:30 8.2 Pakistan administered Kashmir 01:57:40 8.2.1 Azad Kashmir 02:02:15 8.2.2 Gilgit-Baltistan 02:05:28 9 Map issues 02:06:37 10 Recent developments 02:11:29 10.1 Efforts to end the crisis 02:13:52 10.2 2008 militant attacks 02:15:26 10.3 2008 Kashmir protests 02:17:14 10.4 2008 Kashmir elections 02:18:12 10.5 2009 Kashmir protests 02:18:50 10.6 2010 Kashmir Unrest 02:20:04 10.7 2014 Jammu and Kashmir Elections 02:21:20 10.8 October 2014 02:22:08 10.9 July 2016 02:22:55 10.10 September 2016 02:24:08 11 United States positions on the Kashmir conflict 02:27:52 12 Issues surrounding plebiscite 02:28:02 12.1 UN Resolution 02:30:36 12.2 Instrument of Accession 02:33:11 12.3 Article 370 02:35:57 12.4 "Nehru's Promise" 02:40:22 12.5 Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir 02:41:48 12.6 Outlook Survey 02:42:38 12.7 Private Survey 02:45:30 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. China has at times played a minor role. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999. The two countries have also been involved in several skirmishes over control of the Siachen Glacier. India claims the entire princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, and, as of 2010, administers approximately 43% of the region. It controls Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier. India's claims are contested by Pakistan, which administers approximately 37% of the region, namely Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. China currently administers the remaining 20% mostly uninhabited areas, the Shaksgam Valley, and the Aksai Chin region. The present conflict is in Kashmir Valley. The root of conflict between the Kashmiri insurgents and the Indian government is tied to a dispute over local autonomy and based on the demand for self-determination. Democratic development was limited in Kashmir until the late 1970s, and by 1988, many of the democratic reforms introduced by the Indian Government had been reversed. Non-violent channels for expressing discontent were thereafter limited and caused a dramatic increase in support for insurgents advocating violent secession from India. In 1987, a disputed state election created a catalyst for the insurgency when it resulted in some of the state's legislative assembly members forming armed insurgent groups. In July 1988 a series of demonstrations, strikes and attacks on the Indian ...
Views: 372 Subhajit Sahu
Frankfurt | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfurt 00:04:01 1 Distinctions 00:07:02 2 Etymology 00:09:32 3 History 00:09:41 3.1 Early history and Holy Roman Empire 00:11:58 3.2 Impact of French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars 00:13:26 3.3 Frankfurt as a fully sovereign state 00:14:40 3.4 Frankfurt after the loss of sovereignty 00:20:13 4 Geography 00:20:29 4.1 Site 00:21:45 4.2 Districts 00:23:34 4.3 History of incorporations 00:26:11 4.4 Neighbouring districts and cities 00:27:25 4.5 Climate 00:27:59 5 Demographics 00:28:08 5.1 Population 00:30:01 5.2 Immigration 00:31:19 5.3 Religion 00:32:45 6 Politics 00:33:44 6.1 International relations 00:33:56 6.1.1 Partnerships 00:34:52 7 Cityscape 00:35:01 7.1 Landmarks 00:43:20 7.2 20th-century architecture 00:46:04 7.3 21st-century architecture 00:47:35 7.4 Skyscrapers 00:50:48 7.5 History of high-rise buildings 00:52:56 7.6 Other tall structures 00:55:15 7.7 Shopping streets 00:58:40 7.8 Green city 01:02:02 8 Culture 01:02:11 8.1 Museums 01:05:09 8.2 Performing arts 01:05:18 8.2.1 Music 01:06:26 8.2.2 Venues 01:09:25 8.3 Botanical gardens 01:10:54 8.4 Foreign culture 01:13:16 8.5 Festivals 01:16:32 8.6 Nightlife 01:20:02 8.7 Domestic culture 01:20:42 8.8 Culinary specialties 01:23:45 9 Transport 01:23:54 9.1 Airports 01:24:02 9.1.1 Frankfurt Airport 01:25:41 9.1.2 Frankfurt Hahn Airport 01:26:22 9.1.3 Frankfurt Egelsbach Airport 01:26:42 9.2 Roads 01:28:24 9.3 Railway stations 01:28:33 9.3.1 Frankfurt Central Station 01:29:56 9.3.2 Frankfurt Airport stations 01:30:46 9.3.3 Frankfurt South station 01:31:23 9.3.4 Messe stations 01:31:51 9.3.5 Konstablerwache station and Hauptwache station 01:32:33 9.4 Coach stations 01:32:54 9.5 Public transport 01:33:17 9.5.1 S-Bahn 01:34:25 9.5.2 U-Bahn 01:35:09 9.5.3 Tram 01:35:38 9.5.4 Bus 01:36:06 9.6 Taxis 01:36:48 9.7 Bicycles 01:38:26 10 Economy and business 01:40:41 10.1 Central banks 01:40:59 10.1.1 European Central Bank 01:42:22 10.1.2 German Federal Bank 01:43:11 10.2 Commercial banks 01:47:26 10.3 Frankfurt Stock Exchange 01:49:33 10.4 Frankfurt Trade Fair 01:51:07 10.4.1 Messeturm 01:51:40 10.5 Aviation 01:52:02 10.5.1 Lufthansa 01:52:52 10.5.2 Fraport 01:53:22 10.5.3 Condor 01:53:36 10.6 Other industries 01:53:45 10.6.1 Accountancy and professional services 01:54:15 10.6.2 Credit rating agencies 01:54:27 10.6.3 Investment trust companies 01:55:09 10.6.4 Management consultancies 01:55:28 10.6.5 Real estate services companies 01:55:46 10.6.6 Law firms 01:56:36 10.6.7 Advertising agencies 01:57:09 10.6.8 Food 01:57:34 10.6.9 Automotive 01:58:02 10.6.10 Construction 01:58:20 10.6.11 Property and real estate 01:58:51 10.6.12 Other 02:01:08 10.7 Urban area (suburban) businesses 02:02:58 11 Quality of life 02:05:09 12 Governmental institutions 02:05:19 12.1 European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority 02:05:50 12.2 Federal Financial Supervisory Authority 02:06:18 12.3 International Finance Corporation 02:06:43 12.4 German National Library 02:07:30 13 Trade unions and associations 02:09:02 14 Tourism 02:09:11 14.1 Sights 02:09:48 14.2 Sights in the Frankfurt Rhein-Main-Area 02:10:08 14.2.1 North 02:10:35 14.2.2 West 02:11:02 14.2.3 East 02:11:19 14.2.4 South 02:11:47 15 Consulates 02:12:18 16 Courts 02:12:58 17 Media 02:13:07 17.1 Newspapers 02:13:51 17.2 Magazines 02:14:25 17.3 Radio and TV 02:15:30 17.4 News agency 02:15:45 18 Education and research 02:16:01 18.1 Johann Wolfgang Goethe University 02:16:36 18.2 Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences 02:17:22 18.3 Frankfurt School of Finance and Management 02:18:02 18.4 Städelschule 02:18:28 18.5 Music schools and conservatory 02:18:57 18.6 Other notable schools 02:20:13 18.6.1 Education and media 02:20:45 19 Sports 02:21:59 20 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9827483846250907 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Frankfurt (officially: Frankfurt am Main ( ...
Views: 136 Subhajit Sahu
European Company Statute | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Societas_Europaea 00:01:14 1 Main provisions 00:01:24 1.1 Formation 00:02:24 1.2 Minimum capital 00:02:55 1.3 Registered office 00:03:44 1.4 Laws applicable 00:03:58 1.5 Registration and liquidation 00:04:26 1.6 Statutes 00:06:46 1.7 Annual accounts 00:07:10 1.8 Taxation 00:07:44 1.9 Winding-up 00:08:17 2 Status of the legislation and implementation 00:09:00 2.1 United Kingdom 00:10:17 3 Employee participation 00:12:16 3.1 Definition 00:12:38 3.2 Participation 00:14:23 3.3 Employment contracts and pensions 00:14:58 4 Development 00:16:35 5 Registrations 00:17:39 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8500968881377435 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A societas Europaea (SE; Latin pronunciation: [soˈci.e.taːs ew.roːˈpae.a]; Latin for European society or company; plural: societates Europaeae) is a public company registered in accordance with the corporate law of the European Union (EU), introduced in 2004 with the Council Regulation on the Statute for a European Company. Such a company may more easily transfer to or merge with companies in other member states. As of April 2018, more than 3,000 registrations have been reported, including the following nine components (18%) of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index of leading Euro Area companies (excluding the SE designation): Airbus, Allianz, BASF, E.ON, Fresenius, LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton, SAP, Schneider Electric and Unibail-Rodamco.National law continues to supplement the basic rules in the Regulation on formation and mergers. The European Company Regulation is complemented by an Employee Involvement Directive that sets rules for participation by employees on the company's board of directors. There is also a statute allowing European Cooperative Societies.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
AZERBAIJAN - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Azerbaijan , officially the Republic of Azerbaijan , is a country in the South Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is bound by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bound by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an 11 km long border with Turkey in the north west. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first democratic state in the Muslim-oriented world. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. The modern Republic of Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, prior to the official dissolution of the USSR in December 1991. In September 1991, the Armenian majority of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region seceded to form the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region and seven adjac... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:04:10: Etymology 00:06:06: Antiquity 00:07:29: From the Sasanid period to the Safavid period 00:12:15: Contemporary history 00:19:54: Independence 00:24:04: Geography 00:27:12: Landscape 00:30:55: Biodiversity 00:32:34: Politics 00:38:30: Foreign relations 00:42:08: Administrative divisions 00:42:47: Military 00:45:44: Economy 00:48:08: Energy 00:50:28: Agriculture 00:51:56: Tourism 00:54:06: Transportation 00:56:48: Science and technology 00:59:20: Demographics 01:00:46: Ethnic groups 01:02:29: Urbanization 01:02:53: Language 01:04:00: Religion 01:06:29: Education 01:08:16: Culture 01:10:28: Music and folk dances 01:14:22: Literature 01:18:26: Folk art 01:20:46: Cuisine 01:21:46: Architecture 01:23:38: Visual art 01:25:28: Cinema 01:27:35: Media and media freedom 01:28:05: Human rights in Azerbaijan ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azerbaijan
Ambassador Sverre Stub's Speech
 
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This is Norwegian Ambassador, and former ABAC student, Sverre Stub's full speech to ABAC students. He explains several world issues and how students can get involved i international politics.
Views: 158 Stallion TV
Dow Chemical Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dow_Chemical_Company 00:01:44 1 Products 00:02:20 1.1 Performance plastics 00:03:00 1.2 Performance chemicals 00:03:52 1.3 Water purification 00:04:15 1.4 Agricultural sciences 00:05:01 1.5 Basic plastics 00:05:28 1.6 Basic chemicals 00:06:13 1.7 Hydrocarbons and energy 00:06:44 2 History 00:06:53 2.1 Early history 00:09:22 2.2 Diversification and expansion 00:11:32 2.3 Nuclear weapons 00:12:56 2.4 Vietnam War: napalm and Agent Orange 00:15:08 2.5 Dow Corning breast implants 00:15:52 2.6 Bhopal disaster 00:17:58 2.7 DBCP 00:19:21 2.8 Tax evasion 00:20:23 2.9 Recent mergers, acquisitions and reorganization 00:20:34 2.9.1 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units 00:21:15 2.9.2 Union Carbide merger 00:22:24 2.9.3 2006–2008 restructuring 00:27:04 2.9.3.1 Rohm & Haas Co. purchase 00:28:05 2.9.3.2 Accelerated implementation 00:28:39 2.9.3.3 Strategy interruption 00:30:46 2.9.4 2007 dismissal of senior executives 00:32:03 2.9.5 2008 sale of zoxamide business 00:32:39 2.9.6 2014 – New operating segments 00:33:08 2.9.7 U.S. Gulf Coast investments 00:34:10 2.9.8 Chlorine merger 00:34:46 2.9.9 Merger with DuPont 00:36:18 2.10 Focus on higher margin business 00:37:00 2.11 Dioxin contamination 00:38:19 2.12 Sale of herbicide business 00:39:48 3 Finance 00:40:26 4 Environmental record 00:42:53 5 Board of directors 00:44:03 6 Major sponsorships 00:45:19 7 Major collaborations 00:45:29 7.1 Lab Safety Academy 00:47:26 7.2 Nature conservancy 00:48:26 8 Outlook 00:51:09 9 Subsidiaries and joint ventures 00:51:24 9.1 Subsidiaries 00:51:33 9.2 Current joint ventures 00:52:06 10 Notable employees Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9034054648641466 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont. In 2017, it was the second-largest chemical manufacturer in the world by revenue (after BASF) and as of February 2009, the third-largest chemical company in the world by market capitalization (after BASF and DuPont). It ranked second in the world by chemical production in 2014.Dow manufactures plastics, chemicals, and agricultural products. With a presence in about 160 countries, it employs about 54,000 people worldwide. The company has seven different major operating segments, with a wide variety of products made by each one. Dow's 2012 sales totaled approximately $57 billion. Dow has been called the "chemical companies' chemical company" in that most of its sales are to other industries rather than end-users. Dow sells directly to end-users primarily in the human and animal health and consumer products markets. Dow is a member of the American Chemistry Council. The company tagline is "Solutionism". On September 1, 2017, it merged with DuPont to create DowDuPont. In March 2018, it was announced that Jeff Fettig would become executive chairman of DowDuPont on July 1, 2018, and Jim Fitterling would become CEO of Dow Chemical on April 1, 2018.
Views: 49 wikipedia tts
🅳🅾🅲🆄🅼🅴🅽🆃🅰🅻🅴🆂 2018 -🅲🅴🆁🅴🅱🆁🅾🆂 🅴🅽 🅿🅴🅻🅸🅶🆁🅾 - 🅳🅾🅲🆄🅼🅴🅽🆃🅰🅻🅴🆂 - 🅳🅾🅲🆄🅼🅴🅽🆃🅰🅻🅴🆂 🅽🆄🅴🆅🅾🆂 ,🅳🅾🅲🆄🅼🅴🅽🆃🅰🅻🅴🆂 🅲🅸🅴🅽🅲🅸🅰
 
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DOCUMENTALES 2018 -CEREBROS EN PELIGRO - DOCUMENTALES - DOCUMENTALES NUEVOS ,DOCUMENTALES CIENCIA EL CEREBRO,CEREBROS,LA HUMANIDAD,IDOCRACIA,ESTUPIDEZ,ESTUPIDO,ESTUPIDOS,DOCUMENTALES 2018,DOCUMENTAL,DOCUMENTALES NUEVOS,DOCUMENTAL NUEVO,INTELIGENCIA,LA HUMANIDAD,HUMANIDAD,DOCUMENTALES CIENCIA,CEREBRO,CEREBRO HUMANO,EL CEREBRO HUMANO,DISCOVERY SCIENCIE,discover,discovery,discovery channel,documentales ciencia,documentales en español,documentales interesantes,documentales online,documentaries,documentary,increible,national geographic,porqué,video,CRETINO ¿Qué pasaría si la humanidad realmente estuviera cayendo en la imbecilidad, como lo imaginó la película de 2006 Idiocracia? Durante veinte años, los científicos han observado con preocupación que las capacidades intelectuales están disminuyendo a escala global. Se ha observado una disminución en el cociente intelectual en varios países occidentales. Además, hay una explosión de casos de autismo y trastornos de conducta. Los principales implicados en este problema: Los disruptores endocrinos, estas moléculas químicas que interrumpen el funcionamiento de la tiroides, esenciales para el desarrollo cerebral del feto. Presentes en pesticidas, cosméticos, espumas de sofá o plásticos, estas partículas han invadido nuestra vida cotidiana: nos bañamos en una verdadera sopa química. En los Estados Unidos, cada bebé nace con más de cien moléculas químicas en la sangre. Pero, ¿cómo limitar sus efectos? ¿Qué soluciones se pueden implementar para preservar los cerebros de las generaciones futuras? Ocho años después de estudiar a varones en situación de riesgo, se revela el impacto de los disruptores endocrinos sobre la fertilidad, Sylvie Gilman y Thierry de Lestrade toman de nuevo la alarma al revelar el impacto negativo de estos contaminantes en nuestra inteligencia y la salud mental y cuenta con la participación de investigadores como Barbara Demeneix, la especialista en tiroides y bioquímica estadounidense Arlene Bloom, que lleva desde los años 1970 una feroz batalla contra el uso de retardantes de llama (mezclas químicas añadidas a una amplia variedad productos industriales tales como plásticos, textiles y equipos eléctricos o electrónicos para hacerlos menos inflamables). Sus estudios y otros nos alertan sobre un problema de salud pública que legisladores, bajo la influencia de los lobbies industriales, están dejando de lado. 👅 SUSCRÍBETE https://goo.gl/PpDqDx A DOCUMENTARIES👍 😜 👆 👍 DALE PULGAR HACIA ARRIBA SI TE GUSTO EL DOCUMENTAL 👍ツ 🗣 DEJEN SUS COMENTARIOS BEST DOCUMENTARIES 💭 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "BATALLAS EPICAS DE LA HISTORIA,MIOSÉS,DOCUMENTALES GUERRA,DOCUMENTALES DOCUMENTAL,BIBLIA DOCUMENTAL" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AtzkQ0H-tJU -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Russian Federation | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia 00:05:32 1 Etymology 00:07:19 2 History 00:07:28 2.1 Early history 00:09:14 2.2 Kievan Rus' 00:12:33 2.3 Grand Duchy of Moscow 00:14:49 2.4 Tsardom of Russia 00:19:10 2.5 Imperial Russia 00:24:38 2.6 February Revolution and Russian Republic 00:26:13 2.7 Soviet Russia and civil war 00:27:46 2.8 Soviet Union 00:31:41 2.8.1 World War II 00:36:03 2.8.2 Cold War 00:40:19 2.9 Russian Federation 00:47:10 3 Politics 00:47:19 3.1 Governance 00:49:28 3.2 Foreign relations 00:54:06 3.3 Military 00:57:02 3.4 Political divisions 00:59:52 4 Geography 01:01:04 4.1 Topography 01:04:56 4.2 Climate 01:07:07 4.3 Biodiversity 01:08:19 5 Economy 01:15:44 5.1 Energy 01:18:19 5.2 External trade and investment 01:19:12 5.3 Agriculture 01:21:22 5.4 Transport 01:26:09 5.5 Science and technology 01:32:23 5.6 Space exploration 01:34:41 5.7 Water supply and sanitation 01:35:25 5.8 Corruption 01:38:01 6 Demographics 01:43:21 6.1 Largest cities 01:43:29 6.2 Ethnic groups 01:43:55 6.3 Language 01:45:19 6.4 Religion 01:55:31 6.5 Health 01:57:25 6.6 Education 01:59:19 7 Culture 01:59:27 7.1 Folk culture and cuisine 02:02:48 7.2 Architecture 02:06:16 7.3 Visual arts 02:09:16 7.4 Music and dance 02:12:01 7.5 Literature and philosophy 02:15:32 7.6 Cinema, animation and media 02:19:16 7.7 Sports 02:26:13 7.8 National holidays and symbols 02:30:11 7.9 Tourism 02:33:06 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.840215070640857 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), officially the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is by a considerable margin the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with about 146.77 million people as of 2019, including Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the second largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, wh ...
Views: 51 wikipedia tts
Somalia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Somalia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Somalia ( so-MAH-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال‎, translit. aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية‎, translit. Jumhūrīyah aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fīdirālīyah; Italian: Repubblica Federale di Somalia), is a sovereign state with its territory located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. It is separated from Socotra by the Guardafui Channel in the northeast. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.In terms of culture, religion, ethnicity and linguistics, it has been described as the "only" and the "most" homogeneous country in Africa. Somalia has an estimated population of around 14.3 million. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the southern regions. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afroasiatic family. Most people in the country are Muslim, with the majority being Sunni.In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre. It is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt. During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Sultanate of the Geledi. In the late 19th century, through a succession of treaties with these kingdoms, the British and Italian empires gained control of parts of the coast and established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. In the interior, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's movement repelled the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region, before succumbing to defeat in 1920 by British airpower. The toponym Somalia was coined by the Italian explorer Luigi Robecchi Bricchetti (1855–1926). Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the so-called Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, yielding to British military administration. British Somaliland would remain a protectorate, while Italian Somaliland in 1949 became a United Nations Trusteeship under Italian administration, the Trust Territory of Somaliland. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.The Supreme Revolutionary Council seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic. Led by Mohamed Siad Barre, this government later collapsed in 1991 as the Somali Civil War broke out. Various armed factions began competing for influence in the power vacuum, particularly in the south. During this period, due to the absence of a central government, Somalia was a "failed state", and residents returned to customary and religious law in most regions. A few autonomous regions, including the Somaliland and Puntland administrations, emerged in the north. The early 2000s saw the creation of fledgling interim federal administrations. The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished national institutions such as the military. In 2006, the TFG, assisted by Ethiopian troops, assumed control of most of the nation's southern conflict zones from the newly formed Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The ICU subsequently splintered into more radical groups such as Al-Shabaab, which battled the TFG and its AMISOM allies for control ...
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Guest Lecture Brigadier-General (ret'd) Kenneth Watkin,  Wed February 15, 2017
 
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Speaker: Brigadier-General (ret'd) Kenneth Watkin, former Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Armed Forces Date: 15 February 2017 Location: Nathanson Centre, Osgoode Hall Law School, Toronto Webpage: http://nathanson.osgoode.yorku.ca/
Drilling for Answers: Oil Company Profits, Runaway Prices and the Pursuit of Alternatives
 
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Drilling for Answers: Oil Company Profits, Runaway Prices and the Pursuit of Alternatives - Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming - 2008-04-01 - On Tuesday, April 1, 2008, Chairman Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) brought in top-level executives from the five largest oil companies to discuss the current state of oil and gas prices, oil company profits, and the need for clean, renewable fuels to ease demand for oil and cut global warming pollution. The Select Committee heard from the number two officers worldwide for the three United States-based oil companies and the presidents of U.S. operations for the foreign companies. ExxonMobil reported record profits of 0.6 billion in 2007, and the other top four oil companies like BP and Shell made billions more. These same companies are fighting to keep 8 billion in tax breaks that Congress is attempting to shift towards renewable energy incentives for wind, solar, biomass and other climate-friendly sources. The House recently passed the Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Tax Act of 2008, but President Bush and the top oil companies are fighting to defeat the measure in the Senate. WITNESSES: * Mr. J. Stephen Simon, Senior Vice President, Exxon Mobil Corp.; * Mr. John Hofmeister, President, Shell Oil Company; * Mr. Robert A. Malone, Chairman and President, BP America, Inc.; * Mr. Peter Robertson, Vice Chairman, Chevron; * Mr. John Lowe, Executive Vice President, ConocoPhillips. Video provided by the U.S. House of Representatives.
Views: 7083 HouseResourceOrg
Starr Forum: Global Refugee Crisis
 
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October 21, 2015 Starr Forum: Global Refugee Crisis A panel discussion with Jennifer Leaning, Nahuel Arenas, Ali Aljundi, and Serena Parekh Moderated by Anna Hardman About the Speakers: Jennifer Leaning is the François-Xavier Bagnoud Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights and director, FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, at the Harvard School of Public Health. Her interests include public health, medical ethics, and early warning in response to war and disaster, human rights and international humanitarian law in crisis settings, and human security in the context of forced migration and conflict. She has field experience in public health assessment and human rights in crisis situations (including Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Kosovo, the Middle East, former Soviet Union, Somalia, the Chad-Darfur border, and the African Great Lakes area) and has written widely on these issues. Nahuel Arenas joined Oxfam in 2007 and since then has occupied several positions in the organization, leading humanitarian responses in Mozambique, Chad, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, South Sudan and supporting Oxfam’s response in Haiti. He has previously worked for Action Against Hunger and the Japan International Cooperation Agency in different countries, and consulted for UN-HABITAT. He holds a M.A. in International Politics by the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), and degrees in crisis management and public policy. He joined Oxfam America in 2013 as deputy humanitarian director, and is now director of the humanitarian response department. Ali Aljundi, a Syrian civil activist, has brought his diverse experience and wide knowledge of the Syrian conflict to his work at Oxfam America as a Syria project officer. He focuses on peacebuilding and empowering the Syrian civil society. He helped establish a local NGO in his home district and helped in securing funds for sustainable community empowerment projects. He contributed to launching the Syrian NGO’s platform. He worked on youth employment and career development through his profession at United Nations Relief and Work Agency. Previously, he worked in microfinance, rural development and women empowerment in his capacity as a marketing development officer at Aga Khan Foundation. Serena Parekh is an associate professor of philosophy at Northeastern University. Her research interests are in social and political philosophy, feminist theory, continental philosophy, and the philosophy of human rights. Her recent publications include: “Hannah Arendt and Global Justice.” in Philosophy Compass (forthcoming); "Between Community and Humanity: Arendt, Judgment and Responsibility to the Global Poor.” in Philosophical Topics (2013); "Does Ordinary Injustice Make Extraordinary Injustice Possible? Gender, Structural Injustice and the Ethics of Refugee Determination.” in The Journal of Global Ethics (2012); and Hannah Arendt and the Challenge of Modernity: A Phenomenology of Human Rights. She is currently finishing a manuscript about our moral obligations to refugees that will be forthcoming with Routledge in 2016 (tentatively titled: "Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement"). Moderator: Anna Hardman has taught at Tufts University since 1995. Her research focuses on urban economics (regulation and the informal sector in housing markets in developing countries, the development and provision of services in peri-urban areas, and neighborhood income distribution) and on migration (remittances and the impact of immigration on housing markets in migrants' home and host communities). The event is sponsored by the Center for International Studies and The Inter-University Committee on International Migration
Lithuania | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Lithuania Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Lithuania ( (listen); Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe. Since its independence, Lithuania has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2017, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are a Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory. As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "very high human development" country.
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Moldova | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Moldova 00:02:49 1 Etymology 00:03:49 2 History 00:03:58 2.1 Prehistory 00:04:57 2.2 Moldovan lands in antiquity and the early Middle Ages 00:06:47 2.3 Founding of the Principality of Moldavia 00:07:55 2.4 Between Poland and Hungary 00:10:37 2.5 The Ottomans 00:13:08 2.6 Modern history 00:13:17 2.6.1 Russian Empire 00:15:19 2.6.2 Russian Revolution and Greater Romania 00:17:40 2.6.3 World War II and Soviet era 00:23:07 2.6.4 Independence 00:31:26 3 Government 00:33:33 3.1 Internal affairs 00:34:23 3.2 Foreign relations 00:38:15 3.3 Military 00:40:04 3.4 Human rights 00:41:48 3.5 Administrative divisions 00:42:55 4 Geography 00:45:03 4.1 Climate 00:46:25 5 Economy 00:54:10 5.1 Energy 00:55:09 5.2 Wine industry 00:55:52 5.3 Agriculture 00:56:20 5.4 Tourism 00:56:44 5.5 Transport 00:57:31 6 Telecommunications 00:58:30 7 Demographics 00:59:21 7.1 Cultural and ethnic composition 01:01:09 7.2 Languages 01:03:08 7.3 Religion 01:03:57 7.4 Education 01:05:16 7.5 Crime 01:05:58 7.6 Health and fertility 01:07:37 7.7 Emigration 01:08:04 8 Culture 01:10:47 8.1 Media 01:11:29 8.2 Food and beverage 01:12:04 8.3 Music 01:14:32 8.4 Holidays 01:15:01 8.5 Sports 01:15:48 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Moldova ( (listen), sometimes UK: ), officially the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. The capital city is Chișinău. Most of the Moldovan territory was a part of the Principality of Moldavia from the 14th century until 1812, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire (to which Moldavia was a vassal state) and became known as Bessarabia. In 1856, southern Bessarabia was returned to Moldavia, which three years later united with Wallachia to form Romania, but Russian rule was restored over the whole of the region in 1878. During the 1917 Russian Revolution, Bessarabia briefly became autonomous and then the independent Moldavian Democratic Republic until it was integrated into Romania in 1918 following a vote of its assembly. The decision was disputed by Soviet Russia, which in 1924 allowed the establishment, within the Ukrainian SSR, of a Moldavian autonomous republic (MASSR) on partial Moldovan-inhabited territories to the east of the Dniester. In 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia to the Soviet Union, leading to the creation of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (Moldavian SSR), which included the greater part of Bessarabia and the westernmost strip of the former MASSR. On 27 August 1991, as the dissolution of the Soviet Union was under way, the Moldavian SSR declared independence and took the name Moldova. The Constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994. The strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester river has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990. Due to a decrease in industrial and agricultural output following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the service sector has grown to dominate Moldova's economy and is over 60% of the nation's GDP. Its economy is the poorest in Europe in per capita terms and has the lowest Human Development Index in the continent. Moldova is also the least visited country in Europe by tourists with only 11,000 annually recorded visitors from abroad.Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government. It is a member state of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) and aspires to join the European Union.
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Wales | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales 00:03:39 1 Etymology 00:07:38 2 History 00:07:47 2.1 Prehistoric origins 00:10:47 2.2 Roman era 00:14:21 2.3 Post-Roman era 00:18:52 2.4 Medieval Wales 00:26:53 2.5 Industrial Wales 00:30:21 2.6 Modern Wales 00:30:30 2.6.1 Early 20th century 00:33:12 2.6.2 Mid 20th century 00:34:33 2.6.3 Late 20th century 00:37:28 2.6.4 Devolution 00:39:05 3 Government and politics 00:41:31 3.1 Composition of the Assembly 00:44:33 3.2 Areas of responsibility 00:46:29 3.2.1 Foreign relations 00:47:26 3.3 Local government 00:48:10 4 Law and order 00:51:56 5 Geography and natural history 00:58:14 5.1 Geology 00:59:23 5.2 Climate 01:05:06 5.3 Flora and fauna 01:08:08 6 Economy 01:12:56 7 Transport 01:15:27 8 Education 01:18:37 9 Healthcare 01:20:47 10 Demography 01:20:56 10.1 Population history 01:22:54 10.2 Current 01:27:47 10.3 Languages 01:31:32 10.4 Religion 01:34:25 11 Culture 01:34:54 11.1 Mythology 01:36:24 11.2 Literature in Wales 01:42:20 11.3 Museums and libraries 01:43:34 11.4 Visual arts 01:47:46 11.5 National symbols and anthem 01:50:29 11.6 Sport 01:55:11 11.7 Media 01:59:43 11.8 Cuisine 02:01:01 11.9 Performing arts 02:01:10 11.9.1 Music 02:04:02 11.9.2 Drama 02:06:10 11.9.3 Dance 02:08:07 11.10 Festivals 02:09:27 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7994860710847632 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Wales (Welsh: Cymru [ˈkəmri] (listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party. Welsh national feeling grew over the century; Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining and metallurgical industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in South Wales, including Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and the nearby valleys. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism. Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and a majority of the population in most areas speaks English as a first language, the country has retained a distinct cultural identity and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and wes ...
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Armenian Genocide | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Armenian Genocide 00:02:02 1 Terminology 00:06:55 2 Background 00:07:04 2.1 Armenians under Ottoman rule 00:10:42 2.2 Reform, 1840s–1880s 00:15:41 2.3 Armenian national liberation movement 00:16:43 2.4 Hamidian massacres, 1894–1896 00:19:16 3 Prelude to the Genocide 00:19:26 3.1 The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 00:21:07 3.2 The Adana massacre of 1909 00:22:08 3.3 Conflict in the Balkans and Russia 00:23:49 4 World War I 00:25:15 4.1 Labour battalions 00:26:46 4.2 Van, April 1915 00:28:45 4.3 Arrest and deportation of Armenian notables, April 1915 00:30:20 4.4 Deportations 00:32:30 4.4.1 Death marches 00:36:36 4.4.2 Concentration camps 00:38:31 4.5 The "Special Organization" 00:39:46 4.6 Massacres 00:39:55 4.6.1 Mass burnings 00:41:11 4.6.2 Drowning 00:42:48 4.6.3 Use of poison and drug overdoses 00:45:13 4.7 Confiscation of property 00:48:33 4.8 Trials 00:48:41 4.8.1 Turkish courts-martial 00:51:12 4.8.2 Detainees in Malta 00:53:29 4.8.3 Trial of Soghomon Tehlirian 00:54:27 4.9 International aid to victims 00:55:43 5 Armenian population, deaths, survivors, 1914 to 1923 00:58:33 6 Eyewitness accounts and reports 00:59:32 6.1 The U.S. Mission in the Ottoman Empire 01:01:25 6.1.1 Ambassador Morgenthau's Story 01:02:21 6.2 Allied forces in the Middle East 01:04:01 6.2.1 Arnold Toynbee: iThe Treatment of Armenians/i 01:05:06 6.3 Austrian and German joint mission 01:11:53 6.3.1 Armin T. Wegner 01:13:28 6.4 Ottoman Empire and Turkey 01:21:23 6.5 Russian military 01:22:10 6.6 Scandinavian missionaries and diplomats 01:27:11 6.7 Persia 01:28:27 7 Studies on the Genocide 01:31:38 8 Recognition of the Genocide 01:34:14 8.1 Republic of Turkey and the Genocide 01:38:01 8.1.1 Controversies 01:44:41 8.2 The Republic of Armenia and the Genocide 01:46:09 9 Cultural loss 01:48:02 10 Reparations to the victims 01:48:12 10.1 Reparations on the grounds of international law 01:50:51 10.2 Sèvres Treaty 01:51:33 10.3 Lawsuits 01:52:15 11 Commemoration 01:52:24 11.1 Memorials 01:54:14 11.2 Portrayal in the media 01:58:34 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day that Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the region of Ankara 235 to 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders, the majority of whom were eventually murdered. The genocide was carried out during and after World War I and implemented in two phases—the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly, and the infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian Desert. Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre. Other ethnic groups were similarly targeted for extermination in the Assyrian genocide and the Greek genocide, and their treatment is considered by some historians to be part of the same genocidal policy. Most Armenian diaspora communities around the world came into being as a direct result of the genocide.Raphael Lemkin was moved specifically by the annihilation of the Armenians to define systematic and premeditated exterminations within legal parameters and coin the word genocide in 1943. The Armenian Genocide is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides, because scholars point to the organized manner in which the killings were carried out. It is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust.Turkey denies the word genocide is an accurate term for these crimes. In recent years, Turkey has been faced with repeated calls ...
Views: 139 wikipedia tts
Pope John Paul II | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Pope John Paul II 00:03:37 1 Early life 00:10:13 2 Presbyterate 00:15:42 3 Episcopate and cardinalate 00:20:14 4 Papacy 00:20:23 4.1 Election 00:24:03 4.2 Pastoral trips 00:29:40 5 Teachings 00:31:55 5.1 Moral stances 00:34:58 5.2 Apartheid in South Africa 00:35:58 5.3 Capital punishment 00:37:28 5.4 European Union 00:40:09 5.5 Evolution 00:41:13 5.6 Iraq War 00:42:11 5.7 Liberation theology 00:43:22 5.8 Organised crime 00:44:10 5.9 Persian Gulf War 00:45:40 5.10 Rwandan genocide 00:46:51 5.11 Views on sexuality 00:47:51 6 Reform of canon law 00:48:59 6.1 1983 Code of Canon Law 00:49:51 6.2 Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches 00:50:32 6.3 iPastor Bonus/i 00:51:14 7 iCatechism of the Catholic Church/i 00:51:58 8 Role in the collapse of dictatorships 00:53:00 8.1 Chile 00:56:08 8.2 Haiti 00:57:47 8.3 Paraguay 00:59:02 9 Role in the fall of Communism 01:02:14 9.1 Communist attempt to humiliate John Paul II 01:03:27 10 Relations with other denominations and religions 01:03:57 10.1 Anglicanism 01:05:03 10.2 Animism 01:06:59 10.3 Armenian Apostolic Church 01:08:01 10.4 Buddhism 01:09:27 10.5 Eastern Orthodox Church 01:13:02 10.6 Islam 01:14:35 10.7 Jainism 01:15:20 10.8 Judaism 01:20:16 10.9 Lutheranism 01:21:59 11 Assassination attempts and plots 01:27:45 12 Apologies 01:29:25 13 Health 01:30:49 14 Death and funeral 01:30:58 14.1 Final months 01:31:25 14.2 Final illness and death 01:34:02 14.3 Aftermath 01:35:53 15 Posthumous recognition 01:36:03 15.1 Title "the Great" 01:38:13 15.2 Institutions named after John Paul II 01:38:51 15.3 Beatification 01:45:10 15.4 Canonisation 01:47:16 16 Criticism and controversy 01:47:43 16.1 Child sex abuse scandals 01:51:40 16.2 Opus Dei controversies 01:52:40 16.3 Banco Ambrosiano scandal 01:54:33 16.4 Problems with traditionalists 01:56:25 16.5 Religion and AIDS 01:57:11 16.6 Social programmes 01:57:40 16.7 Ian Paisley 01:58:24 16.8 Međugorje apparitions 01:59:04 16.9 Beatification controversy 01:59:49 17 Stolen relic 02:00:55 18 Personal life 02:03:01 19 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Pope John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian: Giovanni Paolo II; Polish: Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła; [ˈkarɔl ˈjuzɛv vɔjˈtɨwa]; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005. He was elected by the second Papal conclave of 1978, which was called after Pope John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted his predecessor's name in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe. John Paul II significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion. He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 people and canonised 483 saints, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests. A key goal of John Paul's papacy was to transform and reposition the Catholic Church. His wish was "to place his Church at the heart of a new religious alliance that would bring together Jews, Muslims and Christians in a great religious armada".John Paul II was the second longest-serving pope in modern history after Pope Pius IX, who served for nearly 32 years from ...
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Science and technology in Israel | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_technology_in_Israel 00:02:47 1 History 00:08:14 1.1 Origin of Israeli high-tech industry 00:12:14 2 Higher education policy 00:12:24 2.1 Sixth Higher Education Plan 00:14:24 2.2 Israeli Centres of Research Excellence 00:17:42 2.3 University recruitment targets 00:20:24 2.4 Expanding access to higher education 00:22:21 3 Science, technology and innovation policy 00:22:33 3.1 Policy framework 00:25:22 3.2 Evaluation of science policy instruments 00:27:34 3.3 Research funding programmes 00:32:56 3.4 Trends in research funding 00:36:51 3.5 Trends in human resources 00:40:52 4 Research universities 00:42:56 5 Scientific output 00:45:21 6 Technology transfer 00:45:31 6.1 History 00:47:13 6.2 University-industry collaboration 00:48:46 6.3 International technology transfer 00:49:44 7 Venture capital 00:51:28 8 Intellectual property rights 00:54:48 9 Applied science and engineering 00:54:59 9.1 Energy 00:55:07 9.1.1 Solar power 00:57:41 9.1.2 Natural gas 01:00:26 9.2 Space science and technology 01:04:17 9.3 Aerospace engineering 01:07:28 9.4 Agricultural engineering 01:10:05 9.5 Computer engineering 01:12:38 9.5.1 Cybersecurity 01:15:58 9.6 Hydraulic engineering 01:17:12 9.6.1 Water-saving technologies 01:17:52 9.7 Military engineering 01:21:02 9.8 Life sciences 01:21:37 9.8.1 Biotechnology 01:22:01 9.8.2 Genetics and cancer research 01:23:47 9.8.3 Biomedical engineering 01:25:29 9.8.4 Pharmaceutical sciences 01:26:10 10 Nobel Prize laureates 01:27:32 11 Notable companies 01:27:41 12 See also 01:27:51 13 Sources Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8279878014503991 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Science and technology in Israel is one of the country's most developed sectors. Israel spent 4.2% of its gross domestic product (GDP) on civil research and development in 2013, one of the highest ratios in the world. Israel ranks fifth among the most innovative countries in the Bloomberg Innovation Index. It ranks thirteenth in the world for scientific output as measured by the number of scientific publications per million citizens. In 2014, Israel's share of scientific articles published worldwide (0.9%) was much higher than its share of the global population (0.1%). It also has one of the highest per capita rates of filed patents.Israel counts 140 scientists and technicians per 10,000 employees, one of the highest ratios in the world. In comparison, there are 85 per 10,000 in the United States and 83 per 10,000 in Japan. In 2012, Israel counted 8,337 full-time equivalent researchers per million inhabitants. This compares with 3,984 in the US, 6,533 in the Republic of South Korea and 5,195 in Japan. Israel's high technology industry has benefited from both the country's highly educated and technologically skilled workforce coupled with the strong presence of foreign high-tech firms and sophisticated research centres.Israel is home to major players in the high-tech industry and has one of the world's most technologically literate populations. In 1998, Tel Aviv was named by Newsweek as one of the ten most technologically influential cities in the world. Since 2000, Israel has been a member of EUREKA, the pan-European research and development funding and coordination organization, and held the rotating chairmanship of the organization for 2010–2011. In 2010, American journalist David Kaufman wrote that the high tech area of Yokneam, Israel, has the "world's largest concentration of aesthetics-technology companies". Google Chairman Eric Schmidt has complimented the country during a visit there, saying that “Israel has the most important high-tech center in the world after the US.”
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Fiji | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Fiji 00:03:22 1 Etymology 00:04:30 2 History 00:04:39 2.1 Early settlement and development of Fijian culture 00:10:57 2.2 Early interaction with Europeans 00:14:48 2.3 Cakobau and the wars against Christian infiltration 00:18:02 2.4 Cotton, confederacies and the Kai Colo 00:20:18 2.5 Kingdom of Fiji (1871–1874) 00:26:04 2.6 Blackbirding and slavery in Fiji 00:29:47 2.7 British colony 00:29:55 2.7.1 Annexation by the British in 1874 00:31:47 2.7.2 Measles epidemic of 1875 00:32:53 2.7.3 Sir Arthur Gordon and the "Little War" 00:38:05 2.7.4 Indian indenture system in Fiji 00:41:52 2.7.5 The Tuka rebellions 00:44:16 2.7.6 Fiji in World War I and II 00:46:25 2.7.7 Responsible government 00:48:38 2.8 Independence (1970) 00:52:57 3 Geography 00:55:27 3.1 Climate 00:56:33 4 Politics 00:57:07 4.1 2006 military takeover 01:02:02 4.2 Armed forces and law enforcement 01:02:50 4.3 Administrative divisions 01:03:42 5 Economy 01:07:12 5.1 Tourism 01:08:54 5.2 Transport 01:11:30 6 Science and technology 01:13:38 7 Society 01:13:47 7.1 Demographics 01:14:40 7.2 Ethnic groups 01:16:06 7.3 Family groups 01:16:52 7.4 Demonym 01:19:42 7.5 Languages 01:20:40 7.6 Religion 01:24:19 7.7 Education 01:24:50 8 Culture 01:25:57 8.1 Holidays and festivals 01:26:29 8.2 Sport 01:26:46 8.2.1 Rugby union 01:29:43 8.2.2 Rugby league 01:30:52 8.2.3 Rugby war dance (Cibi and Bole) and Fijian hymn 01:31:48 8.2.4 Association football 01:32:51 8.2.5 Basketball 01:33:29 8.2.6 Netball 01:33:57 8.2.7 Cricket 01:34:31 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Fiji ( (listen) FEE-jee; Fijian: Viti [ˈβitʃi]; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Fijian: Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north. It has an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi). The farthest island is Ono-i-Lau. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of 898,760. The capital, Suva on Viti Levu, serves as Fiji's principal cruise port. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres like Nadi (with tourism being the major industry) or Lautoka (sugar cane industry). Viti Levu's interior is sparsely inhabited due to its terrain.The majority of Fiji's islands were formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermal activity still occurs on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni. The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are of non-volcanic origin with low temperature (35-60 degrees Celsius) surface discharges, Sabeto Hot Springs near Nadi being a good example. Fiji has been inhabited since the second millennium BC, and was settled first by Austronesians and later by Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century, and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji was a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji. A republic was declared in 1987, following a series of coups d'état. In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. When the High Court ruled in 2009 that the military leadership was unlawful, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the Constitution and reappointed Bainimarama. Later in 2009, Iloilo was replaced as President ...
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Morocco | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Morocco Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Morocco ( ( listen); Arabic: المغرب‎, translit. al-maġrib, lit. 'place the sun sets; the west'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Lmeɣrib), officially the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabic: المملكة المغربية‎, translit. al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. 'The Western Kingdom'; Standard Moroccan Tamazight: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Tageldit n Lmaɣrib), is a country located in the far west of North Africa with an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and its capital is Rabat and, the largest city is Casablanca. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, bordered from the east by Algeria and from the south by Mauritania. intersecting the Strait of Gibraltar; near Spain there are disputed areas are, Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, allowing Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. It regained its independence in 1956, and has since remained comparatively stable and prosperous by regional standards. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. The unitary sovereign state of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and Berber; the latter became an official language in 2011, and was the native language of Morocco before the Muslim conquest in the seventh century C.E. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sephardi Jews, West African and European influences. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa
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