Namaska Dosto is video me hum janeng ki risk qa ho hai.. Ala Alag types ke common risk ko dekhenge aur unko deail me jananege ki Mutual funds me ya kisi bhi prakar ke Invstment me kon kon se risk hote hai.. Iske sath sath hum inko manage karna bhi batayenge To umeed hai dosto aapko video pasand ayega Mutual fund, Banking aur Finance ke bare me aur jan ne ke lie SUBSCRIBE kijiye. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MARKETMAESTROO Subscribe : https://www.youtube.com/marketmaestroo
Views: 7208 Market Maestroo
Investing gives you the opportunity to grow your money, however it comes with a certain amount of risk. Successful investing is about finding the right balance between the level of risk you are comfortable with and your expectations of return. So before starting to invest, it is best to be familiar with the different types of risks that may affect your investment. Watch this video to know more about the different types of investment risks. To know more about investing, you may also get in touch with our Investment Counselors through: Telephone Numbers: 816-9095, 975-6446, 211-1404 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.bpiassetmanagement.com
Views: 12440 Bank of the Philippine Islands
SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS LIKE THIS: http://www.youtube.com/user/preet182?sub_confirmation=1 LINKS FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF RISK: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_risk http://www.getsmarteraboutmoney.ca/en/managing-your-money/planning/investing-basics/Pages/Types-of-investment-risk.aspx#.WG3Vv_krJhE http://www.investopedia.com/university/risk/risk2.asp SUPPORT MONEY SCHOOL ON PATREON https://www.patreon.com/moneyschool MY BOOK TO LEARN ABOUT THE BASICS OF PERSONAL FINANCE: https://www.amazon.ca/gp/product/0143183516/ref=as_li_tf_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=15121&creative=330641&creativeASIN=0143183516&linkCode=as2&tag=whercom-20 FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER http://twitter.com/preetbanerjee WEBSITE: http://www.preetbanerjee.com
Views: 18252 Preet Banerjee
Download Preston's 1 page checklist for finding great stock picks: http://buffettsbooks.com/checklist Preston Pysh is the #1 selling Amazon author of two books on Warren Buffett. The books can be found at the following location: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0982967624/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0982967624&linkCode=as2&tag=pypull-20&linkId=EOHYVY7DPUCW3WD4 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1939370159/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1939370159&linkCode=as2&tag=pypull-20&linkId=XRE5CA2QJ3I2OWSW In this lesson, we briefly talked about the difference between risks and rewards. We learned that the 10 year Federal Note is a risk free investment that provides a marginal return. We know that in follow on lessons, we're going to use the 10 year note as our baseline value to relatively compare the value of other investments. When we assess the amount of risk that's associated with an investment, we learned about three factors that make an investment risky. 1. Debt. We learned that as a company increases the amount of debt (or leverage) they use, it typically results in diminishing returns. By avoiding investments that carry a lot of debt, you'll mitigate the risks associated with any investment. 2. Price. Although investors might have the opportunity to purchase a really great business, we learned that the price at which they purchase the asset can actually result in a poor investment. We know that the price is what we pay and that value is what we get. This idea is at the heart of a value based investing approach. 3. Knowledge. One of the hardest things for an investor to do is to admit that they don't know all the facts. Although this may prove challenging, the faster an investor can identify they lack of knowledge or ability to properly account for all the variables, the less risk they'll assume in any investment.
Views: 257628 Preston Pysh
The basics of portfolio risk management is the art of attaining a specific investment goal without exposing yourself to certain risks and biases. Here, I introduce you to the basic steps of portfolio risk management. I hope that you’ll learn something new here, instead of the usual “invest in low-volatility, blue-chip stocks” http://damonverial.com/ One of the biggest risks of a portfolio is the hidden biases you were exposed to when you were building your portfolio. Here, I demonstrate a set of practical principles for basic risk management. I start with three main principles and then introduce practical methods that stem from these principles. First, we discuss diversifying across investments. Then, we talk about hedging (with stock options). Finally, we discuss diversifying across time, which is hardly ever mentioned in diversifying your portfolio. #portfolioriskmanagement
Views: 7375 Damon Verial
MIT 18.S096 Topics in Mathematics with Applications in Finance, Fall 2013 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/18-S096F13 Instructor: Jake Xia This lecture focuses on portfolio management, including portfolio construction, portfolio theory, risk parity portfolios, and their limitations. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Views: 577978 MIT OpenCourseWare
http://optionalpha.com - Understanding Systematic vs. Unsystematic Risk. ================== Listen to our #1 rated investing podcast on iTunes: http://optionalpha.com/podcast ================== Download a free copy of the "The Ultimate Options Strategy Guide": http://optionalpha.com/ebook ================== Still working a day job? Then our "Take 5" segment is for you. 5 mins videos each day on 1 thing you can apply trading options: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhKnvfWKsu40z0EnsX0TNqCgUzb8tmM04 ================== Start our 4-part video course (HINT: these videos are NOT posted anywhere else online): http://optionalpha.com/free-options-trading-course ================== Just getting started or new to options trading? Here's a quick resource page we made that you'll love: http://optionalpha.com/start-here ================== Register for one of our 5-star reviewed webinars: http://optionalpha.com/webinars ================== - Kirk & The Option Alpha Team
Views: 55825 Option Alpha
How to correctly measure investment risk in finance is an important consideration. However, there are many ways to measure risk and most professionals don't make it any easier by using industry jargon. In this video you'll learn how to decipher the various names for risk, what they mean for your portfolio, and several lesser used, but very robust risk measures. We'll cover: Volatility and Standard Deviation Downside Volatility and Modified Standard Deviation Max Drawdown and Max Drawdown Sum The Sharpe Ratio The Sortino Ratio http://RealizeYourRetirement.com
Views: 12906 Realize Your Retirement
Basic Concept of RISK Management | What is Risk Management in Urdu & Hindi Part 1 Risk-taking is a part of every business, but it is important that a company knows how to deal with the impact of the negative risks. Risk management plans help a business determine what their risks are in order to reduce their likelihood and provide a means for better decision-making in order to avoid future risk. Types of RISK: 1. Market risk 2. Credit risk 3. Operational risk 4. Reputational risk 1- Market risk is the risk that is associated with the potential for the value of the assets of a business to decrease in due to external factors such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and commodity prices. 2- Credit risk refers to the losses that occur when a debt that is owed is not paid to the company. 3- Operational risk refers to the potential of business losses that occur due to inadequate actions or failures on the part of the business or external factors. Some reasons for operational risk include the following: • Internal fraud (Employee) • External fraud (Clients) 4-Reputational risk develops from the possibility of damage to the company’s reputation due to both internal and external factors. 1. Risk Management plan helps companies to identify Risk 2. A risk management plan protects a company’s resources 3. A risk management plan improves a company’s brand 4. A risk management plan can help a company discover reusable information 5. Risk management plans and insurance Every risk management plan that is created should include insurance as one of its elements. Part of creating a risk management plan is determining how to reduce the impact a risk will have on a company. Having appropriate insurance in place is one way to help defray the effect of negative risks. All businesses should have a risk management plan that includes insurance coverage. Tags risk management lecture in urdu, risk management in software engineering in hindi, risk management in project management, risk management in hindi, risk management process, risk management in urdu, risk management in banking, risk management pmp, what is risk management, what is risk management and why is it important, risk management steps Dear Students! Here you will get all possible help and personal assistance and you can ask your doubts & queries through comments or you can join our Facebook Page. For help must follow these below steps: 1- Subscribe us and press the Ring Bell icon for notification of next video. 2- Comments & Share 3- Like Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/Syed-Ismaeel-Tanvir-534121266772850/ Like our Facebook Page http://ally.sh/tef5Y Visit Our YouTube Channel http://ally.sh/tYgkS For more lectures please visit my channel or click one below links: What is Compensation | Concept of Compensation | Meaning of Compensation Hindi & Urdu : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr8qWh6iTXs&t=255s Study of Comparative Public Administration | Hindi & Urdu https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygM3CeCwlX0&t=9s Basic concept of Human Resources Management for new student in Urdu & Hindi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFa9iCF2lbM&t=155s What is public policy : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rF41G4763i4 What is Convention & law https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LWHegrDCls&t=34s What is equity theory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WRzgv4ZaOM&t=120s For more videos regarding education please visit my channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNEH1j2GgsSfu_LoT-zNtOw/videos?view_as=subscriber My Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Syed-Ismaeel-Tanvir-534121266772850/
Views: 28289 Romesa Tanveer
Risk profiling is a process for finding the optimal level of investment risk for yourself considering the risk required, risk capacity and risk tolerance, where, risk required is the risk associated with the return required to achieve the your goals from the financial resources available, risk capacity is the level of financial risk you can afford to take, and risk tolerance is the level of risk you are comfortable with. To know more in Indian context, please watch the video. Find us on Social Media and stay connected: Facebook Page - https://www.facebook.com/YadnyaAcademy Facebook Group - https://goo.gl/y57Qcr Twitter - https://www.twitter.com/InvestYadnya
Views: 6093 Yadnya Investment Academy
People tend to view life similar to how they view their investments. When investors see breaking news or major headlines on current events that may have a negative impact on the world, they tend to view that as a risk within their portfolio. We can’t manage all the possibilities, but what we can manage is the probabilities through diversification. Life happens and always will, we will never be without risk but it’s crucial to look at probabilities to monitor your investments. David Cook, CFP® shares how the nature of risk works in investments and explains how you should look at the probabilities versus the possibilities when managing your investment portfolios. http://purefinancial.com IMPORTANT DISCLOSURES: • Investment Advisory and Financial Planning Services are offered through Pure Financial Advisors, Inc. A Registered Investment Advisor. • Pure Financial Advisors Inc. does not offer tax or legal advice. Consult with their tax advisor or attorney regarding specific situations. • Opinions expressed are subject to change without notice and are not intended as investment advice or to predict future performance. • Investing involves risk including the potential loss of principal. No investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss in periods of declining values. • All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however, we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. • Intended for educational purposes only and are not intended as individualized advice or a guarantee that you will achieve a desired result. Before implementing any strategies discussed you should consult your tax and financial advisors.
Views: 271 Pure Financial Advisors, Inc.
Asset Management: Industry overview and Careers in Asset Management Asset Management is about managing clients’ investments and providing them with the strategies and expertise that would allow them to achieve their goals and secure their financial future. This video is part of our series dedicated to the different sub-industries in the world of Business & Finance.Our goal is to understand how it functions, what type of services it offers its clients, which are the major players in the field and what it is like to do this for a living. An individual or an institution is likely to approach an asset management firm when their investment income is substantial. In such cases, asset managers are able to offer expertise across a wide spectrum of asset classes (such as stocks, bonds, commodities, real estate, private equity, etc). Moreover, large firms have branches all over the world and are therefore able to offer geographical expertise as well. Given that asset managers closely follow all of these markets, they are able to offer high-quality advice and superior risk-return investments. The large players in the asset management industry are indeed very large. There are several companies whose assets under management exceed $1 trillion. Some of them are pure investment funds (BlackRock, Vanguard, StateStreet, Fidelity), while others are arms of the large banking conglomerates (Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank, UBS, BNP). The largest firm in the world in terms of assets under management in 2015 was BlackRock. On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/365careers/ On the web: http://www.365careers.com/ On Twitter: https://twitter.com/365careers Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/365careers
Views: 132974 365 Careers
Watch more How to Understand Personal Finance Terms videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/491830-What-Is-Risk-Tolerance-Financial-Terms Your risk tolerance is really important when it comes to investing. Because after all, you have to decide on how much risk to take when it comes to your investments and what's also challenging about your risk tolerance is that it means different things to different people. If I'm investing one hundred dollars, risk to some people means I lost everything. To other people, risk might mean that my hundred dollars is now worth ninety dollars, and yet, a third way people might view risk is that I was expecting my hundred dollars to grow to a hundred and ten dollars and it only grew to a hundred and five dollars. So risk tolerance really can mean a lot of things to different people. But I want you to focus on a few things as it relates to your risk tolerance. How comfortable are you with investments? Um, first of all, if you don't understand the investments that you're putting money into, that's a formula for disaster. So you want to stick away from that. But as it relates to investing in stocks and bonds and other types of investments, what are you comfortable with and what aren't you comfortable with? For most people, it can make sense to balance out their risk tolerance by investing in different types of investments. Some that are aggressive and growth oriented, and some that are very conservative, um, as a way of balancing out their risk. But it's important and I wanna ask you, if you invested ten thousand dollars today, what would be too much risk for you? Where are you comfortable with it? The markets here, they're gonna go up, they're gonna go down and a lot of that is out of your control. But you can make sure you're following an investment plan that makes sense for your situation as based on your risk tolerance. It's kinda the sleep at night factor if you will. You know, if you're the type of person and you have that personality where you do your investing, and it's out of sight out of mind, you're not thinking about it too much, then perhaps you can invest a little more aggressively. If you're up at night worried about investments and the stock markets stressing you out, and you're reading about it on the internet or in the newspaper; maybe you're complaining to your spouse about it, that can be a sign that you're investing to aggressively for your personal tolerance for risk. And so the key factors when you're choosing investments are gonna be always, how you feel personally about risk and what the rest of your situation looks like before choosing any investments or before investing your money.
Views: 3371 Howcast
Investing involves taking risks. But how much risk is healthy? And what are the different types of risks involved with investing? Unlike cash, all investments fall as well as rise in value so you could get back less than you invest. Past performance is not a guide to the future. Please check that you are happy with the risks before you choose an investment. This video is not advice, if you are unsure of the suitability of an investment or course of action for your circumstances, please seek advice
Views: 5695 Hargreaves Lansdown
Because investments in hedge funds can add diversification to investment portfolios, investors may use them as a tool to reduce their overall portfolio risk exposures. Managers of hedge funds use particular trading strategies and instruments with the specific aim of reducing market risks to produce risk-adjusted returns, which are consistent with investors' desired level of risk. Hedge funds ideally produce returns relatively uncorrelated with market indices. While "hedging" can be a way of reducing the risk of an investment, hedge funds, like all other investment types, are not immune to risk. According to a report by the Hennessee Group, hedge funds were approximately one-third less volatile than the S&P 500 between 1993 and 2010. Investors in hedge funds are, in most countries, required to be sophisticated qualified investors who are assumed to be aware of the investment risks, and accept these risks because of the potential returns relative to those risks. Fund managers may employ extensive risk management strategies in order to protect the fund and investors. According to the Financial Times, "big hedge funds have some of the most sophisticated and exacting risk management practices anywhere in asset management." Hedge fund managers may hold a large number of investment positions for short durations and are likely to have a particularly comprehensive risk management system in place. Funds may have "risk officers" who assess and manage risks but are not otherwise involved in trading, and may employ strategies such as formal portfolio risk models. A variety of measuring techniques and models may be used to calculate the risk incurred by a hedge fund's activities; fund managers may use different models depending on their fund's structure and investment strategy. Some factors, such as normality of return, are not always accounted for by conventional risk measurement methodologies. Funds which use value at risk as a measurement of risk may compensate for this by employing additional models such as drawdown and "time under water" to ensure all risks are captured. In addition to assessing the market-related risks that may arise from an investment, investors commonly employ operational due diligence to assess the risk that error or fraud at a hedge fund might result in loss to the investor. Considerations will include the organization and management of operations at the hedge fund manager, whether the investment strategy is likely to be sustainable, and the fund's ability to develop as a company. Since hedge funds are private entities and have few public disclosure requirements, this is sometimes perceived as a lack of transparency. Another common perception of hedge funds is that their managers are not subject to as much regulatory oversight and/or registration requirements as other financial investment managers, and more prone to manager-specific idiosyncratic risks such as style drifts, faulty operations, or fraud. New regulations introduced in the US and the EU as of 2010 require hedge fund managers to report more information, leading to greater transparency. In addition, investors, particularly institutional investors, are encouraging further developments in hedge fund risk management, both through internal practices and external regulatory requirements. The increasing influence of institutional investors has led to greater transparency: hedge funds increasingly provide information to investors including valuation methodology, positions and leverage exposure. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedge_fund
Views: 1852 The Film Archives
Claude Lamoureux, the former head of the Ontario Teachers Pension Plan, with Rob Carrick from the Globe and Mail discuss Risk. * What does risk mean? * Should you include investments in your portfolio you do not understand? * How to structure your portfolio to limit your exposure to risk? http://www.getsmarteraboutmoney.ca/managing-your-money/planning/protecting-your-money/Pages/what-does-investment-risk-mean.aspx
Views: 1582 GetSmarterAboutMoney
✪✪✪✪✪ WORK FROM HOME! Looking for WORKERS for simple Internet data entry JOBS. $15-20 per hour. SIGN UP here - http://jobs.theaudiopedia.com ✪✪✪✪✪ ✪✪✪✪✪ The Audiopedia Android application, INSTALL NOW - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.wTheAudiopedia_8069473 ✪✪✪✪✪ What is VALUE AT RISK? What does VALUE AT RISK mean? VALUE AT RISK meaning - VALUE AT RISK definition - VALUE AT RISK explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Value at Risk (VaR) is a measure of the risk of investments. It estimates how much a set of investments might lose, given normal market conditions, in a set time period such as a day. VaR is typically used by firms and regulators in the financial industry to gauge the amount of assets needed to cover possible losses. In financial mathematics and financial risk management, VaR is defined as: for a given portfolio, time horizon, and probability p, the p VaR is defined as a threshold loss value, such that the probability that the loss on the portfolio over the given time horizon exceeds this value is p. This assumes mark-to-market pricing, and no trading in the portfolio. For example, if a portfolio of stocks has a one-day 5% VaR of $1 million, that means that there is a 0.05 probability that the portfolio will fall in value by more than $1 million over a one-day period if there is no trading. Informally, a loss of $1 million or more on this portfolio is expected on 1 day out of 20 days (because of 5% probability). A loss which exceeds the VaR threshold is termed a "VaR break." VaR has four main uses in finance: risk management, financial control, financial reporting and computing regulatory capital. VaR is sometimes used in non-financial applications as well. Important related ideas are economic capital, backtesting, stress testing, expected shortfall, and tail conditional expectation. Common parameters for VaR are 1% and 5% probabilities and one day and two week horizons, although other combinations are in use. The reason for assuming normal markets and no trading, and to restricting loss to things measured in daily accounts, is to make the loss observable. In some extreme financial events it can be impossible to determine losses, either because market prices are unavailable or because the loss-bearing institution breaks up. Some longer-term consequences of disasters, such as lawsuits, loss of market confidence and employee morale and impairment of brand names can take a long time to play out, and may be hard to allocate among specific prior decisions. VaR marks the boundary between normal days and extreme events. Institutions can lose far more than the VaR amount; all that can be said is that they will not do so very often. The probability level is about equally often specified as one minus the probability of a VaR break, so that the VaR in the example above would be called a one-day 95% VaR instead of one-day 5% VaR. This generally does not lead to confusion because the probability of VaR breaks is almost always small, certainly less than 50%. Although it virtually always represents a loss, VaR is conventionally reported as a positive number. A negative VaR would imply the portfolio has a high probability of making a profit, for example a one-day 5% VaR of negative $1 million implies the portfolio has a 95% chance of making more than $1 million over the next day. Another inconsistency is that VaR is sometimes taken to refer to profit-and-loss at the end of the period, and sometimes as the maximum loss at any point during the period. The original definition was the latter, but in the early 1990s when VaR was aggregated across trading desks and time zones, end-of-day valuation was the only reliable number so the former became the de facto definition. As people began using multiday VaRs in the second half of the 1990s, they almost always estimated the distribution at the end of the period only. It is also easier theoretically to deal with a point-in-time estimate versus a maximum over an interval. Therefore, the end-of-period definition is the most common both in theory and practice today.
Views: 12727 The Audiopedia
Thank you friends to support me Plz share subscribe and comment on my channel and Connect me through Instagram:- Chanchalb1996 Gmail:- [email protected] Facebook page :- https://m.facebook.com/Only-for-commerce-student-366734273750227/ Unaccademy download link :- https://unacademy.app.link/bfElTw3WcS Unaccademy profile link :- https://unacademy.com/user/chanchalb1996 Telegram link :- https://t.me/joinchat/AAAAAEu9rP9ahCScbT_mMA
Views: 23982 study with chanchal
What is DISCRETIONARY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT? What does DISCRETIONARY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT mean? DISCRETIONARY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT meaning - DISCRETIONARY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT definition - DISCRETIONARY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Discretionary Investment Management is a form of professional investment management that invests on behalf of their clients through a variety of securities. The term "discretionary" refers to the fact that investment decisions are made at the investment manager's judgement. The major aim of the services offered is to outperform benchmarks listed in the mandate; this is called providing alpha. The services provided are usually tailored for institutional business, pension funds and high-net worth individuals. The investment management company has a continuing responsibility to ensure that an investment portfolio is suitable for the client's attitude to risk and investment objectives. Discretionary Investment Managers have access to every security in the market place. It is up to the investment manager's strategy to decide what securities best fit in a client's portfolio. The most common investment products are stocks, bonds, ETFs and financial derivatives. All the investment products in the scope of the investment manager's strategy must be outlined in the investment mandate. Due to the nature of the service, discretionary investment management firms provide a mandate in order to ensure that the services offered meet the aims of the client's financial goals. The process is structured in a way for clients capital to be invested in the specified strategies in the investment mandate. Clients choosing a specific strategy will get the same strategy – there is no investment tailoring for the client. This means clients monies will be pooled together and invested at the same time. The actual client account is segregated and the monies invested will be weighted to the individuals capital. E.g) 1% investment in a L10,000,000 account will contribute L100,000 to the transaction whilst a L1,000,000 will contribute L10,000. The most common process you will encounter is using a systematic approach which is important for investment managers to demonstrate their strategies and will help you understand their decisions better. This process is widely used because it allows the investment strategies to be exercised in a specific way and makes it easier to report results. Most discretionary investment management companies charge an assets under management (AUM) fee. This is to keep the companies interests aligned with their investors. The more they grow the assets under management, the more they'll receive from the AUM fee. The fee can range from anything between 0.1%-4% AUM. In addition to an AUM fee, a transactional fee is another type of fee provided by investment managers. This is a fee that is charged every time the investment manager makes a transaction on your behalf. This can vary between 0.01%-0.5% of the amount invested. A more attractive fee is when a company receives a share of the profits generated for their clients. This usually ranges between 10% - 30% of the profits. The high-water mark is used to prevent clients from paying when the fund is performing poorly, or below their mandate. See more about performance fees. Investment managers require a graduate degree or an investment qualification such as the Chartered Financial Analyst designation (CFA). Discretionary investment management companies are under strict regulations in their respected countries, most notably the FCA in the UK. The Financial Conduct Authority is the conduct regulator for 56,000 financial services firms and financial markets in the UK and the prudential regulator for over 24,000 of those firms.
Views: 635 The Audiopedia
Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “Risk Assessment”. A risk assessment is a test – an in-depth analysis, investigation and evaluation – of how risky a particular investment is. In assessing risk, financial analysts study all aspects of an investment, including volatility, predictability, historical losses and gains, investment history, investment management, investment research team, the amount of money held in the investment and many other factors. A good risk assessment considers both known and unknown quantities. An example of an unknown quantity: how will this investment actually perform during a market downturn? An example of a known quantity: how long has this investment option been in existence? The outcome of a risk assessment reveals whether an investment is more conservative or more aggressive. It also could reveal whether an investment is simply bad. For example, an investment that is very risky, but has consistently delivered low returns could be considered a bad investment. Investors should only take on more risk if there is the chance to receive a larger return. In practical terms, a risk assessment is a thorough look at your workplace to identify those things, situations, processes, etc. that may cause harm, particularly to people. After identification is made, you evaluate how likely and severe the risk is, and then decides what measures should be in place to effectively prevent or control the harm from happening. By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy
Views: 1310 Investor Trading Academy
For More Visit our website - https://sfmguru.in/ Buy Rewamp & revise the entire SFM in 1 day: https://sfmguru.in/revamp-ca-final-sfm-revision-book/ Subscribe to Channel for more videos: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiPzkqrzDsoq-pLrloT7Fcw/featured Background Music Composed and Arranged by: Mr. Manish Thakkar Investing in Stock Market gives high returns but the risk is high Investing in Bond Market has Low Risk but the returns are also low If you are Investing in Single Security - you would not be able to achieve the objectives. Therefore, you should aim at creating a diversified portfolio to achieve your investment objectives. P0 = (D1 + P1) / (1 + Ke) D1 = Expected dividend receivable by year end P1 = Expected market price of equity share by year end Ke = Expected Rate of return by the Equity Shareholder P0 = Current Market Price of Equity Share #Finance , #CAFinal , #FinancialLearning , #CAFinalSFM , #StrategicFinancialManagement , #SFM , #RiskAndReturn , #PortfolioTheory , #PortfolioManagement
Views: 6464 CA Nikhil Jobanputra
Sherjan Husainie, of Leaders Global Network, offers career workshops in ten major cities around the world. He has worked in both investment banking at Morgan Stanley and in private equity at Google Capital. For more info, visit http://www.leadersgn.com/
Views: 236671 Career Insider Business
Hi Guys, This video will show you how to find the expected return and risk of a single portfolio. This example will show you the higher the risk the higher the return. Please watch more videos at www.i-hate-math.com Thanks for learning !
Views: 216908 I Hate Math Group, Inc
Melissa Barnard, an analyst within Risk & Quantitative Analysis in New York, is focused on helping our investment management teams manage their fiduciary risks. Originally a chemistry major, Melissa quickly realized that the field wasn’t for her, and was able to translate the hard skills she gained in the classroom into a successful career in financial services. Learn more about Melissa and her BlackRock journey at: https://www.themuse.com/companies/blackrock/people/melissa
Views: 14029 BlackRock
Financial risk includes market risk, credit risk, operational risk, liquidity risk, and investment risk. If you have questions, visit our forum (with 50,000+ members) at https://trtl.bz/2ywkLLE Subscribe for future tutorials on expert finance and data science https://www.youtube.com/c/bionicturtle?sub-confirmation=1 Our email contact is [email protected] (I can also be reached at [email protected]) For other videos in our Financial Risk Manager (FRM) series, see one of the following playlists: Texas Instruments BA II+ Calculator https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3sjobyTnEyv2N4baxF8-wiS Risk Foundations (FRM Topic 1) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3sm2OmHA1BO41Zcc4ntUwMG Quantitative Analysis (FRM Topic 2) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3sormazeHQr5G9etDITYStF Financial Markets and Products: Intro to Derivatives (FRM Topic 3, Hull Ch 1-7) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3tQuvaS-lG-8ZqUh7NvxRDg Financial Markets and Products: Option Trading Strategies (FRM Topic 3, Hull Ch 10-12) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3s7iycLx2eZQeIUPo_4a8n8 FM&P: Intro to Derivatives: Exotic options (FRM Topic 3) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3sfoUGYayuqJRhHA5jCFkGr Valuation and RIsk Models (FRM Topic 4) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCBifSfCnx3sqbQnW4HkZ3HoScTG0Lluz #bionicturtle #risk #financialriskmanager #FRM #finance #expertfinance
Views: 15524 Bionic Turtle
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Views: 63715 MunshiGiri
http://goo.gl/JMhs8r for more free video tutorials covering Portfolio Management. This video shows the calculation of expected return and standard deviation in details referring to the Markowitz portfolio theory. It is really important to a portfolio theory to understand the idea of measuring risky returns on the risky assets. The video step by step shows the measuring techniques of risky returns on asset to be hold in a portfolio subsequent to an example where it asks to calculate the potential expected return based on the given data. Expected return is by no means a guaranteed rate of return. However, it can be used to forecast the value of portfolio and it also provides a guide from which to measure actual returns. It is calculated as the weighted average of the likely profits of the assets in the portfolio, weighted by the likely profits of each asset class. Moving on, the video demonstrates the measuring risk of expected returns following derivation of standard deviation through a simple example. Risk reflects the chance that the actual return on an investment may be very different than the expected return.
Views: 87458 Spoon Feed Me
Lecture 3 - Risk and Return - Investment Management The course "Security Analysis and Portfolio Management" is taught by Prof. Ramana Sonti. Finance Faculty at Indian School of Business. Visiting Faculty of BITS Pilani. Primary Reference: ZviBodie, Alex Kane, Alan Marcus, PitabasMohanty, “Investments”, 2017, McGraw Hill. https://amzn.to/2L4TANp Other References: Reilly Frank K and Keith C. Brown, Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management, 8th edition Thomson Learning, 2007. https://amzn.to/2B1rLAJ Bruce Greenwald, Judd Kahn, Paul Sonkin, Michalel van Biema, “Value Investing: From Graham to Buffett and beyond”, 2016, Wiley Finance. https://amzn.to/2PrDLk6 Prasanna Chandra - Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management, 5th edition, 2017,TMH. https://amzn.to/2RL1nSL After completing this course the students shall be able to: 1) Appreciate and apply the concepts of Investment analysis in theory as well as in a real-life situation. 2) Identify numerous investments related risks that an investor is subject to while investing in financial securities. 3) Differentiate between various classes of financial securities such as Equities, Fixed Income Securities, and Derivatives and learn various techniques to value and analyze these securities. 4) Carry out Fundamental Analysis (that involves Economy Analysis, Industry Analysis and Company Analysis) to study the intrinsic strength of a firm and make investment decisions based on the study. 5) Analyze and interpret various technical charts related to stock price movements and predict future price movements to comment on Buy/Sell/Hold decisions. 6) Understand the mechanics of Derivatives trading and develop various strategies for hedging or speculation using derivatives. 7) Comprehend news items appearing in the financial dailies. LIKE and SUBSCRIBE for similar videos..!
Views: 46 Investment Funda
Alpha and beta are both risk ratios that investors use as a tool to calculate, compare and predict returns. You are most likely to see alpha and beta referenced with mutual funds. Both measurements utilize benchmark indexes, such as the BSE Sensex, and compare them against the individual security to highlight a particular performance tendency. Alpha is a measure of an fund's performance compared to a benchmark. It's a mathematical estimate of the return, based usually on the growth of earnings per share. Beta, on the other hand, is based on the volatility—extreme ups and downs in prices or trading—of the stock or fund, something not measured by alpha. But beta, too, is compared to a benchmark. To understand in detail, please watch the video Find us on Social Media and stay connected: Facebook Page - https://www.facebook.com/InvestYadnya Facebook Group - https://goo.gl/y57Qcr Twitter - https://www.twitter.com/InvestYadnya
Views: 38804 Yadnya Investment Academy
http://optionalpha.com - Understanding Portfolio Beta and Portfolio Theory. ================== Listen to our #1 rated investing podcast on iTunes: http://optionalpha.com/podcast ================== Download a free copy of the "The Ultimate Options Strategy Guide": http://optionalpha.com/ebook ================== Still working a day job? Then our "Take 5" segment is for you. 5 mins videos each day on 1 thing you can apply trading options: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhKnvfWKsu40z0EnsX0TNqCgUzb8tmM04 ================== Start our 4-part video course (HINT: these videos are NOT posted anywhere else online): http://optionalpha.com/free-options-trading-course ================== Just getting started or new to options trading? Here's a quick resource page we made that you'll love: http://optionalpha.com/start-here ================== Register for one of our 5-star reviewed webinars: http://optionalpha.com/webinars ================== - Kirk & The Option Alpha Team
Views: 40846 Option Alpha
What is RISK PARITY? What does RISK PARITY mean? RISK PARITY meaning - RISK PARITY definition - RISK PARITY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Risk parity (or risk premia parity) is an approach to investment portfolio management which focuses on allocation of risk, usually defined as volatility, rather than allocation of capital. The risk parity approach asserts that when asset allocations are adjusted (leveraged or deleveraged) to the same risk level, the risk parity portfolio can achieve a higher Sharpe ratio and can be more resistant to market downturns than the traditional portfolio. Roughly speaking, the approach of building a risk parity portfolio is similar to creating a minimum-variance portfolio subject to the constraint that each asset (or asset class, such as bonds, stocks, real estate, etc.) contributes equally to the portfolio overall volatility. Risk parity can also be a generalized term that denotes a variety of investment systems and techniques that utilize its principles. The principles of risk parity are applied differently according to the investment style and goals of various financial managers and yield different results. Some of its theoretical components were developed in the 1950s and 1960s but the first risk parity fund, called the All Weather fund, was pioneered in 1996. In recent years many investment companies have begun offering risk parity funds to their clients. The term, risk parity, came into use in 2005 and was then adopted by the asset management industry. Risk parity can be seen as either a passive or active management strategy. Interest in the risk parity approach has increased since the late 2000s financial crisis as the risk parity approach fared better than traditionally constructed portfolios, as well as many hedge funds. Some portfolio managers have expressed skepticism about the practical application of the concept and its effectiveness in all types of market conditions but others point to its performance during the financial crisis of 2007-2008 as an indication of its potential success. Risk parity is a conceptual approach to investing which attempts to provide a lower risk and lower fee alternative to the traditional portfolio allocation of 60% stocks and 40% bonds which carries 90% of its risk in the stock portion of the portfolio. The risk parity approach attempts to equalize risk by allocating funds to a wider range of categories such as stocks, government bonds, credit-related securities and inflation hedges (including real assets, commodities, real estate and inflation-protected bonds), while maximizing gains through financial leveraging. According to Bob Prince, CIO at Bridgewater Associates, the defining parameters of a traditional risk parity portfolio are uncorrelated assets, low equity risk, and passive management. Some scholars contend that a risk parity portfolio requires strong management and continuous oversight to reduce the potential for negative consequences as a result of leverage and allocation building in the form of buying and selling of assets to keep dollar holdings at predetermined and equalized risk levels. For example, if the price of a security goes up or down and risk levels remain the same, the risk parity portfolio will be adjusted to keep its dollar exposure constant. On the other hand some consider risk parity to be a passive approach, because it does not require the portfolio manager to buy or sell securities on the basis of judgments about future market behavior. The principles of risk parity may be applied differently by different financial managers, as they have different methods for categorizing assets into classes, different definitions of risk, different ways of allocating risk within asset classes, different methods for forecasting future risk and different ways of implementing exposure to risk. However, many risk parity funds evolve away from their original intentions, including passive management. The extent to which a risk parity portfolio is managed, is often the distinguishing characteristic between the various kinds of risk parity funds available today.
Views: 2155 The Audiopedia
Welcome to the Investors Trading Academy talking glossary of financial terms and events. Our word of the day is “Standard Deviation”. In finance, standard deviation is often used as a measure of the risk associated with price-fluctuations of a given asset or the risk of a portfolio of assets actively managed mutual funds, index mutual funds, or ETFs. Risk is an important factor in determining how to efficiently manage a portfolio of investments because it determines the variation in returns on the asset and/or portfolio and gives investors a mathematical basis for investment decisions -known as mean-variance optimization. The fundamental concept of risk is that as it increases, the expected return on an investment should increase as well, an increase known as the risk premium. In other words, investors should expect a higher return on an investment when that investment carries a higher level of risk or uncertainty. When evaluating investments, investors should estimate both the expected return and the uncertainty of future returns. Standard deviation provides a quantified estimate of the uncertainty of future returns. For example, let's assume an investor had to choose between two stocks. Stock A over the past 20 years had an average return of 10 percent, with a standard deviation of 20 percentage points and Stock B, over the same period, had average returns of 12 percent but a higher standard deviation of 30 pp. On the basis of risk and return, an investor may decide that Stock A is the safer choice, because Stock B's additional two percentage points of return are not worth the additional 10 pp standard deviation. By Barry Norman, Investors Trading Academy
Views: 6699 Investor Trading Academy
Get FREE Audiobooks and 2 Audible Originals (and support this channel!) with a 30-day Free Trial of Audible: https://amzn.to/2zEFqhT When it comes to passive vs active investing there is always a lot of passionate people there to debate for both sides. But the question that most people ask is which strategy actually makes you more money in the end? How do you know which strategy is right for you? If you had $1000 to invest, would it be better to put it in the hands of a financial adviser to make the decisions of what to invest in or would you be better off just going with index investing? Today I’m going to do my best to answer these questions and explain the advantages to both passive and active investing. As well as figure out which strategy is truly right for you. Link to CNBC Article: https://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/27/active-fund-managers-rarely-beat-their-benchmarks-year-after-year.html All of my Personal Finance/Investing videos: https://goo.gl/XW5U3k All of my Book Summaries: goo.gl/xmWeaD All of my Social Skills videos: https://goo.gl/N6ikxe All of my Health Related videos: https://goo.gl/hjQ1j9 All of my Productivity videos: https://goo.gl/WguoFs -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "The Budget That Pays You First | Reverse Budget Explained | Budgeting For Beginners" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RmnUXnBc_g -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 29171 Next Level Life
http://www.williamblairfunds.com/alternatives The Fund can invest long and short, which often results in a lower correlation to equity markets. It also makes a significant allocation to active currency management, an important diversifier. This brief video is one in a series of straightforward answers to alternative investing questions. The speaker is Brian Singer, head of William Blair's Dynamic Allocation Strategies team. Brian is a board member and former chair of the CFA Institute Board of Governors and is also a former member of the Research Foundation of CFA Institute Board of Trustees. In 1991, Brian co-wrote a landmark update to one of the pioneering studies on asset allocation, "Determinants of Portfolio Performance II: An Update," with Gary Brinson and Gilbert Beebower. In 2009, Brian was the lead author of "Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management," Wiley Publishing. Subscribe to the series. DISCLOSURE The Fund involves a high level of risk and may not be appropriate for everyone. You could lose money by investing in the Fund. There can be no assurance that the Fund's investment objective will be achieved. The Fund is not a complete investment program and you should only consider the Fund for the alternative portion of your portfolio. Separate accounts managed by the Advisor may invest in the Fund and, therefore, the Advisor at times may have discretionary authority over a significant portion of the assets invested in the Fund. In such instances, the Advisor's decision to make changes to or rebalance its clients' allocations in the separate accounts may substantially impact the Fund's performance. The Fund is designed for long-term investors. The Fund may use investment techniques and financial instruments that may be considered aggressive—including but not limited to the use of futures contracts, options on futures contracts, securities and indices, forward contracts, swap agreements and similar instruments. Such techniques may also include short sales or other techniques that are intended to provide inverse exposure to a particular market or other asset class, as well as leverage. These techniques may expose the Fund to potentially dramatic changes (losses) in the value of certain of its portfolio holdings. Investments are subject to a number of other different types of risk, including market risk, asset allocation risk credit risk, commodity risk, counterparty and contractual default risk, currency risk, and derivatives risk. For a more detailed explanation and discussion of these risks, please read the Fund's Prospectus. PLEASE CAREFULLY CONSIDER THE FUND'S INVESTMENT OBJECTIVE, RISKS, CHARGES, AND EXPENSES BEFORE INVESTING. THIS AND OTHER INFORMATION IS OBTAINED IN THE FUND'S PROSPECTUS, WHICH YOU MAY OBTAIN BY CALLING +1 800 742 7272. READ IT CAREFULLY BEFORE YOU INVEST OR SEND MONEY. © William Blair & Company, L.L.C., distributor.
Views: 618 William Blair Investment Management
CFA | FRM | SFM | Excel Live Classes | Videos Available Globally For Details: www.aswinibajaj.com WhatsApp: +91 9830497377 or https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=919830497377&text=Want%20to%20know%20more%20about%20FRM%20classes & we shall get back to you. E-mail: [email protected] Hope you had a great learning experience! Do Like and Subscribe! And check our other videos on Finance (CFA, FRM, SFM), Resume making, Career options, etc. Click to access playlist. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyt8himITSzS0U9ktWIxc8g/playlists Thank you.
Views: 3032 ASWINI BAJAJ
Create Portfolio https://en.samt.ag/user-registration Portfolio management process There are three major steps involved in a portfolio management process. 1. Planning. It begins with evaluating investor’s risk tolerance, return objective, time horizon, tax considerations, the need for liquidity and income, and any other aspects that might affect investing decisions. This evaluation helps create the investment policy statement or IPS, which lists objectives and constraints of the investor. Typically an IPS includes an objective benchmark such as an index, against which the performance of the investor’s portfolio can be measured. The recommended frequency of revising the IPS is once every few years or whenever there is a major change in investor’s goals or constraints. 2. Execution. Here the portfolio managers evaluate risk and return of various asset classes to determine the fund allocation. In top-down analysis the manager considers the current economic conditions along with predictions about macroeconomic factors such as interest rates, GDP growth and inflation. This helps identify the asset classes that fit the investor’s portfolio. As a result of this analysis, a typical diversified portfolio includes asset classes such as cash, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange traded funds, private equity, hedge funds, commodities and real estate. Then comes the bottom up analysis, which is about analyzing securities within the selected asset classes. A common approach is to identify the undervalued securities within these asset classes using valuation models. 3. Then the final step, feedback. With time investors’ preferences change, the risk and return of the asset classes also change, and with the changing market prices of securities the portfolio composition changes as well. For example, if there were 30% stocks in your portfolio, and as a result of bull market the price of the stocks has increased making stocks 40% of your portfolio. The manager must evaluate these features and rebalance the portfolio according to the IPS. This process includes buying and or selling of securities to readjust the weight back to their desired percentages. Also, the portfolio manager must compare the portfolio performance to the benchmark and make any necessary changes. At SAMT AG a similar but modified protocol is followed for portfolio management, making the planning, execution and feedback streamlined so that everything is transparent and you directly supervise your portfolio. There are four simple steps involved, first, fill out the form, second, schedule a telephone call with us where you can ask questions, step 3, wire money, and step 4 we manage your portfolio while you supervise everything right in front of you, from your log-in area. @NaelShahbaz
Views: 2251 SAMT AG Schweizer Vermögensverwaltung
This brief tutorial will teach you investing 101 and the terminology you need to understand if you're investing as a beginner and want to plan for retirement. In this video we describe everything about investing including: stocks, bonds, cash, asset allocation, portfolios, large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, risk/reward, and other investing terminology you need to know.
Views: 212148 Smart Investing Trends
What is risk? | Mutual Fund Value investor David Winters discusses risk - the potential that you can lose your capital. He believes you should never make an investment that you are going to worry about and that all investments have fluctuations. Wintergreen Advisers -- Your Home for Global Value® - Established in 2005, Wintergreen is an independent global money manager based in Mountain Lakes, New Jersey. Wintergreen employs a research-driven value style in managing global securities. The firm was founded by David J. Winters, who has 30 years of experience in investment advisory services, including management of registered investment companies. David Winters is the firm's Chief Executive Officer, and is Portfolio Manager of the Wintergreen Fund. For more information, please visit: http://wintergreenadvisers.com http://facebook.com/WintergreenAdvisers http://twitter.com/wintergreenadv http://linkedin.com/company/wintergreen-advisers-llc Wintergreen Playlists, featuring commentary by David Winters: Global Value Investing - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ9zGLXIIxl_QMTKaO5tyVdx Mutual Fund - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-gac4_4QT0sGvXH0FFBy5O 401k - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ_QVD0Lc7fYUOe2ZybKicwi Retirement - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-MMZTUSLBZBI4ZgZG0-5LH How to Invest - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-IhnEtARRVzxjbdWKlrPBC Investing - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ8sp9LCF47KgHOFltHy3Tgp Value Investing - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-jAYnwvZVfrKb1lJ-ollc2 Stock Investing - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-CsLp80Mr7jJ9tX4g5uQZ9 Global Fund - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ_h3mXb00PMQg0RhYqicMJh Value Fund - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-gR5_RCz0Z_H4mXOWqDxPj Mutual Funds - http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ8_Ftsc7e1enk8k4F8YmemE Corporate Governance - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JNuK8NFGklM&list=PLjwm3oNxLiQ-G9Apb51VAHIipVuAFbafv Please subscribe to the Wintergreen Advisers YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=WintergreenAdvisers
Views: 313 Wintergreen Advisers
What is POLITICAL RISK? What does POLITICAL RISK mean? POLITICAL RISK meaning - POLITICAL RISK definition - POLITICAL RISK explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Political risk is a type of risk faced by investors, corporations, and governments that political decisions, events, or conditions will significantly affect the profitability of a business actor or the expected value of a given economic action. Political risk can be understood and managed with reasoned foresight and investment. The term political risk has had many different meanings over time. Broadly speaking, however, political risk refers to the complications businesses and governments may face as a result of what are commonly referred to as political decisions—or "any political change that alters the expected outcome and value of a given economic action by changing the probability of achieving business objectives". Political risk faced by firms can be defined as "the risk of a strategic, financial, or personnel loss for a firm because of such nonmarket factors as macroeconomic and social policies (fiscal, monetary, trade, investment, industrial, income, labour, and developmental), or events related to political instability (terrorism, riots, coups, civil war, and insurrection)." Portfolio investors may face similar financial losses. Moreover, governments may face complications in their ability to execute diplomatic, military or other initiatives as a result of political risk. A low level of political risk in a given country does not necessarily correspond to a high degree of political freedom. Indeed, some of the more stable states are also the most authoritarian. Long-term assessments of political risk must account for the danger that a politically oppressive environment is only stable as long as top-down control is maintained and citizens prevented from a free exchange of ideas and goods with the outside world. Understanding risk partly as probability and partly as impact provides insight into political risk. For a business, the implication for political risk is that there is a measure of likelihood that political events may complicate its pursuit of earnings through direct impacts (such as taxes or fees) or indirect impacts (such as opportunity cost forgone). As a result, political risk is similar to an expected value such that the likelihood of a political event occurring may reduce the desirability of that investment by reducing its anticipated returns. There are both macro- and micro-level political risks. Macro-level political risks have similar impacts across all foreign actors in a given location. While these are included in country risk analysis, it would be incorrect to equate macro-level political risk analysis with country risk as country risk only looks at national-level risks and also includes financial and economic risks. Micro-level risks focus on sector, firm, or project specific risk. Macro-level political risk looks at non-project specific risks. Macro political risks affect all participants in a given country. A common misconception is that macro-level political risk only looks at country-level political risk; however, the coupling of local, national, and regional political events often means that events at the local level may have follow-on effects for stakeholders on a macro-level. Other types of risk include government currency actions, regulatory changes, sovereign credit defaults, endemic corruption, war declarations and government composition changes. These events pose both portfolio investment and foreign direct investment risks that can change the overall suitability of a destination for investment.
Views: 2885 The Audiopedia