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What is the difference between Directives, Regulations and Decisions?

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This video gives a quick outline of the different legislative acts (Directives, Regulations and Decisions) used by the EU and highlights the main differences between them. For more information on the EU and its institutions please subscribe to our channel. In this series we explain complex aspects of the EU in a comprehensive and understandable way. If however, despite our diligence and help of Dr. Jan Oster, we have left something out or made a mistake, please be so kind to tell and forgive us. -------------------------------------------------- With Ciceroni we seek to be a guide to European culture and history. We make videos on little known subjects as well as more ubiquitous ones, ranging from current affairs like the European Union, to historic events like the Tulip Mania, and even mythological stories like those of the Greek Gods. In all these videos we strive to present the subjects in a objective manner and within their complex context. Become a Patron: https://www.patreon.com/Ciceroni Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Ciceroni_EU Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CiceroniChan...
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Text Comments (26)
Hammer Black (21 hours ago)
Unelected officials
Ciceroni (19 hours ago)
The video is about the different forms of EU law, almost all new laws have to be approved by Parliament and The Coucil. Parliament is directly elected through European elections, so no unelected officials there. The Council represent the governments of the Member States, they are all elected (indirectly) in national elections. Only the Commission is filled with unelected officials, just like the civil servants of national governments. Just to check, were you talking about the Commission? Or something else?:)
JOHNNY UCHIHA (2 months ago)
BREEEEEXIT :) BYE BYE EU!!!!
golfbulldog (6 months ago)
By using your comical arrow at 1:34, are you suggesting that the German, Bulgarian and Portugese employment laws are better than the UK 2010 Equality act which does guarantee equal employment rights for men and women? Trying to score comedy points but failing... you would have been much better using your comedy arrow pointing towards one of the 91 EU laws which Germany was found to be infringing as of 31 December 2016. All EU nations infringe some laws, but some nations infringe more than others. Germany 91, UK 55. Your curly arrow failed on humour but won if your goal was to mislead the public... https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/file_import/EU28_factsheet_2016_en_0.pdf
Ciceroni (6 months ago)
Like I said, we did not intend to imply anything else than highlight the choice of the UK to go its own way. So please rest assured, we are not at all implying the UK is falling short with regard to equality of opportunity. To be honest, we are not all too familiar with the specific situation in the Member States. Anyway, in hindsight it might have been better to find a more obscure directive. As for the infringements, I don't think it is about which country has more infringement cases. First of all because it does not tell you a lot. There can be many valid reasons why an infringement case is pending and it does not directly indicate that the Member State is unwilling. Moreover the number of cases, at least to me, is not very telling. One infringement case regarding a major law with many large scale consequences would only count as one, but would be much worse than 20 minor laws with few direct consequences. Secondly, I don't think it should be seen as 'who is better than whom'. We should focus more on our common goals and values rather than unnecessarily competing. Wouldn't you agree?
golfbulldog (6 months ago)
Thanks for the reply and for all your hard work in making this and other EU topics easier to understand. I still feel that it is a bit disingenuous, whilst showing the varied routes each nation may choose to take in turning EU directive into national law, to show the UK arrow failing to hit the equality of opportunity target for male and females in employment. Our arrow hit that target in 2010 it seems with our Equality Act. I see that your other video does highlight the issue of unfulfilled EU directives/infringements - and in that case arrows falling short would be a great piece of imagery - but you need to highlight the fact that germany has, as of December 2016, 65% more outstanding infringement cases than the UK.
Ciceroni (6 months ago)
We are not suggesting that at all, honestly I think we chose to use this directive because everyone gets what it is about without further clarification. The idea behind the animation is to show that Member States can take different approaches to reach the same goal, clarifying what an EU directive is. The UK's arrow is a reference to the choice of the UK to leave the EU. The other three countries (Belgium and not Germany btw) were chosen completely at random ;) The number of infringement cases did not seem relevant to explaining the different types of EU law, so we didn't mention it here. We do however mention it in our video about the Commission, there we also show that Germany has most pending cases ;) https://youtu.be/mE1rnOi8AFc?t=2m44s
Ryan Keller (7 months ago)
When the directives were described and the UKs arrow was just like yeah nope and left the page👌😂
Dat NguyenThe (8 months ago)
1:28 Britain xDDD LOL
Matt Jones (10 months ago)
Thanks for such an educational channel.
Sheena Palanivelu (10 months ago)
Thank You so much for this video! As an international student, I was pretty confused about this entire concept. Now its much clear :) Cheers!
Floppydong36 (1 year ago)
Thank you for these clear, helpful videos. Helped me a lot in my studies much love from Finland!
Kam Chhokar (1 year ago)
great vid.
Noela Ntavranoglou (1 year ago)
Great job!!
Tim Horvat (1 year ago)
Lovely videos! Especially the ones explaining the institutions were very helpful. However, I was hoping you'd elaborate more on the nature of EU law here - the supremacy and autonomy of EU law, the direct and indirect effect, the direct applicability ... This is what the EU law is about and what people don't understand
ww12tt (6 months ago)
If you are still uncertain (or ever was) on those topics, then i can warmly recommend "European law, by Robert Schütze"
Tim Horvat (1 year ago)
And also you forgot to mention that directives are not necessarily binding for all member states, and that it's forbidden to "translate" regulations into the national legislation
Blue Incal (1 year ago)
Thank you for making these videos. As a European politics student its great to get this information in a visual format and in an easy to understand manner! Keep up the good work! Edit: On a more superficial note: In order to attract more viewers you should consider changing the background of your videos. Your animations are clear and simple, just like they should be, but the background is quite off putting in my opinion, and you could surely use a more streamlined background design.
tom wakita (4 months ago)
Blue Incal i
Ciceroni (1 year ago)
Thanks for the compliment, we are glad you enjoy it. Feel free to share it with other students ;) And thanks for the advice, We'll look into that :)
Jervy Lim (1 year ago)
Well to be honest, I am not good in politics. I think that if everybody became very open and accepting to their family around Europe, integration would have been easy. Aside from Economic Union and Monetary Union, they should proceed with full integration with the likes of Banking Union, Fiscal and Taxation Union, and Eventually Political Union. They should also make a treaty of becoming a union of perpetuity where in no secession from the union/ federation/ confederation. They should democratically elect thier leaders in all branches of the union. Individual Prime Minister/ President / Chancellor will only somewhat act like a Governor in their State. Foreign Affairs, Military, and Future Planning and Direction should be controlled by the EU President. I don't know. What do you think? I'm no expert.
Ciceroni (1 year ago)
We also are no experts, but I think you point out quite nicely what a big part of the problem is. Some want more integration, while others want to keep as much power as possible with the individual states. These mixed wishes led to the situation we are in now, with only some things organised on the EU level, which, as we have seen, can lead to difficulties in some cases and in competition/selfish behaviour in others. Whether or not a proper federal system is desirable depends mostly on a person's opinion, but I think most can agree that it would probably be a lot more efficient and effective.
Sackeshi Productions (1 year ago)
We need an EU equivalent for the americas
Alex Turlais (10 months ago)
Sackeshi Productions Dude, its existed for 200 years. Its called the United States.
Jervy Lim (1 year ago)
can you make videos about how to fix EU? what is the future? and any updates.
Ciceroni (1 year ago)
Maybe in the future we'll make a video with some ideas for improvement, but for now we simply aim to objectively explain aspects of the EU, pointing out both negative and positive sides in the process. How do you think it should be fixed?

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