This video gives a quick outline of the different legislative acts (Directives, Regulations and Decisions) used by the EU and highlights the main differences between them.
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Cicero tells of the rule of Roman style law handed down from 1st to the current 4th Holy Roman empire. But don't ever forget the history of absolute power and murder and mayhem perpetrated by all the previous incantations.
The video is about the different forms of EU law, almost all new laws have to be approved by Parliament and The Coucil. Parliament is directly elected through European elections, so no unelected officials there. The Council represent the governments of the Member States, they are all elected (indirectly) in national elections. Only the Commission is filled with unelected officials, just like the civil servants of national governments. Just to check, were you talking about the Commission? Or something else?:)
By using your comical arrow at 1:34, are you suggesting that the German, Bulgarian and Portugese employment laws are better than the UK 2010 Equality act which does guarantee equal employment rights for men and women? Trying to score comedy points but failing... you would have been much better using your comedy arrow pointing towards one of the 91 EU laws which Germany was found to be infringing as of 31 December 2016. All EU nations infringe some laws, but some nations infringe more than others. Germany 91, UK 55. Your curly arrow failed on humour but won if your goal was to mislead the public... https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/file_import/EU28_factsheet_2016_en_0.pdf
Like I said, we did not intend to imply anything else than highlight the choice of the UK to go its own way. So please rest assured, we are not at all implying the UK is falling short with regard to equality of opportunity. To be honest, we are not all too familiar with the specific situation in the Member States. Anyway, in hindsight it might have been better to find a more obscure directive.
As for the infringements, I don't think it is about which country has more infringement cases. First of all because it does not tell you a lot. There can be many valid reasons why an infringement case is pending and it does not directly indicate that the Member State is unwilling. Moreover the number of cases, at least to me, is not very telling. One infringement case regarding a major law with many large scale consequences would only count as one, but would be much worse than 20 minor laws with few direct consequences. Secondly, I don't think it should be seen as 'who is better than whom'. We should focus more on our common goals and values rather than unnecessarily competing. Wouldn't you agree?
Thanks for the reply and for all your hard work in making this and other EU topics easier to understand. I still feel that it is a bit disingenuous, whilst showing the varied routes each nation may choose to take in turning EU directive into national law, to show the UK arrow failing to hit the equality of opportunity target for male and females in employment. Our arrow hit that target in 2010 it seems with our Equality Act. I see that your other video does highlight the issue of unfulfilled EU directives/infringements - and in that case arrows falling short would be a great piece of imagery - but you need to highlight the fact that germany has, as of December 2016, 65% more outstanding infringement cases than the UK.
We are not suggesting that at all, honestly I think we chose to use this directive because everyone gets what it is about without further clarification. The idea behind the animation is to show that Member States can take different approaches to reach the same goal, clarifying what an EU directive is. The UK's arrow is a reference to the choice of the UK to leave the EU. The other three countries (Belgium and not Germany btw) were chosen completely at random ;)
The number of infringement cases did not seem relevant to explaining the different types of EU law, so we didn't mention it here. We do however mention it in our video about the Commission, there we also show that Germany has most pending cases ;) https://youtu.be/mE1rnOi8AFc?t=2m44s
Lovely videos! Especially the ones explaining the institutions were very helpful. However, I was hoping you'd elaborate more on the nature of EU law here - the supremacy and autonomy of EU law, the direct and indirect effect, the direct applicability ... This is what the EU law is about and what people don't understand
Thank you for making these videos. As a European politics student its great to get this information in a visual format and in an easy to understand manner!
Keep up the good work!
Edit: On a more superficial note: In order to attract more viewers you should consider changing the background of your videos. Your animations are clear and simple, just like they should be, but the background is quite off putting in my opinion, and you could surely use a more streamlined background design.
Well to be honest, I am not good in politics. I think that if everybody became very open and accepting to their family around Europe, integration would have been easy. Aside from Economic Union and Monetary Union, they should proceed with full integration with the likes of Banking Union, Fiscal and Taxation Union, and Eventually Political Union. They should also make a treaty of becoming a union of perpetuity where in no secession from the union/ federation/ confederation. They should democratically elect thier leaders in all branches of the union. Individual Prime Minister/ President / Chancellor will only somewhat act like a Governor in their State. Foreign Affairs, Military, and Future Planning and Direction should be controlled by the EU President.
I don't know. What do you think? I'm no expert.
We also are no experts, but I think you point out quite nicely what a big part of the problem is. Some want more integration, while others want to keep as much power as possible with the individual states. These mixed wishes led to the situation we are in now, with only some things organised on the EU level, which, as we have seen, can lead to difficulties in some cases and in competition/selfish behaviour in others. Whether or not a proper federal system is desirable depends mostly on a person's opinion, but I think most can agree that it would probably be a lot more efficient and effective.
Maybe in the future we'll make a video with some ideas for improvement, but for now we simply aim to objectively explain aspects of the EU, pointing out both negative and positive sides in the process. How do you think it should be fixed?
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