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The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Course US History #8

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In which John Green teaches you about the United States Constitution. During and after the American Revolutionary War, the government of the new country operated under the Articles of Confederation. While these Articles got the young nation through its war with England, they weren't of much use when it came to running a country. So, the founding fathers decided try their hand at nation-building, and they created the Constitution of the United States, which you may remember as the one that says We The People at the top. John will tell you how the convention came together, some of the compromises that had to be made to pass this thing, and why it's very lucky that the framers installed a somewhat reasonable process for making changes to the thing. You'll learn about Shays' Rebellion, the Federalist Papers, the elite vs rabble dynamic of the houses of congress, and start to find out just what an anti-federalist is. Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode.Founding Fathers debated over how to govern the new nation, beginning with the Articles of Confederation: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/articles-of-confederation When the Founding Fathers finally wrote the Constitution, they realized that they needed to add The Bill of Rights to get citizens on board with the new government: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/the-bill-of-rights Follow us: http://www.twitter.com/thecrashcourse http://www.twitter.com/realjohngreen http://www.twitter.com/raoulmeyer http://www.twitter.com/crashcoursestan http://www.twitter.com/saysdanica http://www.twitter.com/thoughtbubbler Support CrashCourse on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse
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Text Comments (6088)
LinkinLooper (1 day ago)
Aced my test thanks to replaying this video 20 times and not reading a book
Jim Harris (1 day ago)
Other countries don't like the Electoral College?  Screw'm.  Move there if you want.
Jim Harris (1 day ago)
And Canada sucks 3/5th Compromise... good lord people you are so biased Rich framers... this is so painful There were more advanced weapons than muskets in those days On a roll... ....  ..... I'd live to see you debate an actual historian Written by a high school teacher... it shows.
Orang3_ Fanta_ (1 day ago)
Gotta watch you in slow mo you talk to fast ..
Natalie (2 days ago)
John green is my best friend this semester....my civics teacher SUCKS :/
Sage Gardner (4 days ago)
Why is Skrillex a delegate at 4:42
Becky Cass (4 days ago)
I had to watch this video for my Intro to Political Science class. I love the way he uses humor it really makes you pay attention and makes learning this information fun! Great video!
Cherry Bandit (6 days ago)
Wow I think I actually have a chance of acing my quiz tomorrow, thanks
Tom Raines (6 days ago)
Anybody else find his shots at America irritating? His bias is just driving me nuts.
Ravenn Kings (8 days ago)
Who else is loving the "Hamilton" references?...
NEUTRAL BEING (8 days ago)
Oh ok
Edward Pollei (9 days ago)
ap gov my bois
Elizabeth Nichols (8 days ago)
Madd Music (10 days ago)
Isaac Norton (11 days ago)
Is that Skrillex at 4:40???
Martin Badger (12 days ago)
We actually don't have fantastic elections in Canada. Our latest Prime Minister got into office with 39.5% of the vote, which somehow translated to over 50% of the seats. The American system is far better than that of Canada.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
If you think "assault" rifles should be banned remind yourself of the Vietnamese defenses.America's military might was beaten back.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
"It's almost as if Alexander Hamilton had no way of knowing that weaponry would one day advance past the musket."Nor did he know that free speech would advance past quill, ink, and podiums.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion: Because it is a right, the government should provide it.  Reality: The 2nd Amendment is among the negative rights.  Meaning it is a restriction on gov't, not the people.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion: Leaders do immoral things like take bribes, or shoot people.  Therefore, the system is broken  Reality: Everyone is subject to immorality.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion:  Rich people were scared that poor people would vote for rich people in favor of redistribution of property.  Reality: This is socialism, and redistribution is based primarily in Greed and Jealousy, and everywhere it has been tried, it has failed to bring about the desired result.  It is scientifically impossible.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion:  The 3/5ths compromise should be taken out of the Constitution. Reality: The 13th Amendment practically renders that useless.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion: States with little to no slaves were racists because they believed that slaves weren't people, and should not be counted in population.  Reality: These states knew that if the slaves were counted in population, slave-holding states would receive more Representatives, which would increase their power in the House, which would be problematic for those who believe slave-holding is immoral.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion:Canada is marginally better that America.Conclusion: John should move to Canada.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
Just because there is no "supranatural" branch of government doesn't mean that religion isn't important for the stability of the nation.  Despite what atheists believe.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion:Nonalcoholic beer is useless.That's like saying nonflavored water is useless.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
Super majorities are not efficient for one simple reason:If 51% of people vote to murder you, you die.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
John's opinion:Other countries don't copy or government = our government is bad.
Daniel Patrón (14 days ago)
Recreational MQ9 Reaper drones should be legal.
WideMouthWideMouthia (14 days ago)
Winning with a popular vote would lead to a tyrannical majority rule. Every election would be decided by basically three cities and the rest of the population would get ignored during elections. The electoral college ensures that the entire population has a chance to affect the election of the president. But yes, it’s not a perfect system and definitely needs some fine-tuning.
Niels Erkens (15 days ago)
-It’s full of contradictions... -So is independence!
Woofy (17 days ago)
*HaMiLtOn WrOtE tHe OtHeR FiFtY OnE*
Anni Zhu (19 days ago)
did anyone see the two peoples' clothes change at 4:40?
PierzStyx (20 days ago)
The Articles weren't bad. They were pretty fantastic really. Their job wasn't to create a single unified national government. Their purpose was to delineate the rules which would guide the Thirteen Individual Nations in cooperating in future endeavors, especially in terms of mutual self-defense. The Constitution was born out of a desire to more closely bind these Thirteen Nations into a more close union with a single national government that arose over the decade after the Revolutionary War. Also, Shay's Rebellion wasn't a threat to private property. Shay was right to rebel. The government wouldn't or couldn't pay him, which was theft, and then it wanted to seize his property when he couldn't pay its extortion (taxes) with money he didn't have because it wouldn't pay him. If anything he was demanding his property rights -in the form of money- be respected and paid. The elites in power saw him as a threat precisely because he was raising people to go against the state's violation of his property rights through extortion. That this directly led to the Constitution suggests it is a document that was far less concerned with protecting property rights as it was ensuring the state could take your money from you against your will and without your consent.
Samo Meers (20 days ago)
I see that crashcourse is leaning left. Men are not responsible enough to govern themselves but they are responsible enough to govern others?
This guy doesn't understand rights. All the rights in the Constitution are "negative rights" meaning the government will not restrict a right. This doesn't mean they would supply any goods or services to support any right listed in the Constitution.
Michael Freitas (22 days ago)
This guy is annoyingly anti-American
ladnomad Here (24 days ago)
God looking back you realise how much of a socialist John is. But thanks for all the class periods of free time and breaks from lecturing.
parker rast (27 days ago)
What are two things articles of confederation did well?
Yasmin (27 days ago)
Does he...blink?
Mc Jethro Pov Tee (1 month ago)
I mean that was easy John, you have like 60% chance of gettimg it right. Cause out of 85, HAMILTON WROTE THE OTHER 51!
"Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness " we fought for these ideals we shouldn't settle for less, these are wise words , enterprising men quote 'em, dont act surprised you guys 'cause i wrote ' em.
-Vance- Dun (1 month ago)
If those people have a right to buy predator drones, I should also have the right.
Tricorn Tom (1 month ago)
They tried at both the Declaration and Constitutional Convention to end slavery. This guy is so PC/leftist! Haha he's so far left he could teach on a college campus!
Austrailya Wilson (1 month ago)
i bet he's really good at staring contest hahaha lol
PRIMO SCIENTIFIC (1 month ago)
“Alaxander H couldn’t of imagined any firearm past a musket” the Geradonie was invented in late 1700 and Thomas Jefferson owned 2 history proves this with the Lewis and Clark expedition he donated one. Could shoot 22 rounds without being reloaded first tubular magazine rifle. I’m sure a history buff like you already knew that
Howard J Cartmell (1 month ago)
The slavery parts are null and void through amendments. Slavery is outlawed so laws to capturing slaves are on the books because no one can be assed removing it. It has zero relevance. Go to Africa and slave markets are in town squares. Arab Africans sell sub Saharan Africans to Arabs from all over the Arab world. US kept slaves alive and bred. Arabs castrated men and sex slaved women so few blacks in Arab countries but tens of millions in America.
Howard J Cartmell (1 month ago)
Go to any town in any country in Africa and see how racist they are. You will be lucky to survive! Why? You’re white! Africans also have tribal warfare, the root of modern racism. America uses sports to satisfy the tribal instincts of man and also brings races together and keeps violence in check.
Howard J Cartmell (1 month ago)
No one stole US constitution (but the US stole most of British) and no one can touch the economically seam like they are linked. Countries leaders don’t want to give away power to the people, just write down they have, tell them they have, but run a rigid centralised system. The US is also diverse in so many ways yet use money to keep the peace and as free as possible. Love it when leftists project their own failures onto the system. US is empirically the greatest country ever. Undisputable!
Nope (1 month ago)
Lmao. 90% of the comments are just quotes from Hamilton.
Thomas Musachia (1 month ago)
Spoiler Alert: The opposite of a "fascist" is an anarchist.
Dave's Cave (1 month ago)
ihtzelyyee (1 month ago)
the video to watch when in need of help for an APUSH essay :)
Youthoob Gamer (1 month ago)
Because 'Murica....👍 ☢☣🚫⚛💯🔹
Audrey the cat nerd (1 month ago)
Dude was a Hamilton fan before the musical. I’m impressed
Yea 🅱️ro definitely too democratic when people steal your land by a higher power. Wait a minute... isn’t that why we made a bill of rights?
dayoptimum (1 month ago)
Aaaaand clicked away right as the claim of electoral college being shitty showed up. You’re a dunce. I could tell by your calculated sloppy looking haircut you were a leftist historical slant merchant who should no be paid any attention.
sniperboi 53 (1 month ago)
Bro do you ever blink?
Polina Lee (1 month ago)
The Articles of Confederation actually required a unanimous vote, not 9 out of 13. That only came with the Constitution. John, usually your information is very accurate, but this time, it was slightly off...Just wanted to clarify that point for those of you cramming for that exam..
michael irizarry (2 months ago)
where can i get a small copy,so i care it at all time's?i could have been rich by now.
Dirt Monkey (2 months ago)
"Fantastic elections in canada"... Guess he forgot about Justin Trudeau
Dark EeveeXx (2 months ago)
"And shoot Alexander Hamilton" *A A R O N B U R R S I R*
DrewSomethingTV (2 months ago)
Can you tell us why john hanson was not the president?
Fuzzy Dunlop (2 months ago)
"How is it that we hear the loudest yelps for liberty among the drivers of negroes?" Johnson: Taxation No Tyranny - Samuel Johnson (yes, THAT Samuel Johnson)
gda295 (2 months ago)
federalism has always been more impt than sep of powers { " personified" in judicial review} from pov democracy because it embodied the prescient views of madison ...for stability of government , the more factions / interest groups the better [ 'institutionalised opposition'] awa " ambition countermanding ambition " ( so he argued also in favour of sep. of powers) - both of which he espoused in the tenth paper- so that it has evolved into pluralistic democracy of twentieth century.
Edward Cree (2 months ago)
The trouble with John's 'musket rant' is that _one person's modus tollens is another's modus ponens_. People absolutely _should_ have the right to own Predator drones and suitcase nukes — although it might be reasonable to have a requirement for a suitable quantity of self-signed tort insurance, perhaps enforced by the seller (who could otherwise be made liable for torts done by the buyer). We manage this problem just fine with cars which are every bit as lethal. John's contention that as a "right rather than a privilege" the Government is obliged to buy him drones if he can't afford them is just bizarre; the right to the pursuit of happiness doesn't mean that the Government is obliged to buy you opioids (although it _does_ mean the Government is forbidden from _stopping_ you buying opioids...) and even the right to life doesn't mean the police have a duty to protect you from murderers (see e.g. _Castle Rock v. Gonzales_ ). I honestly have no idea what theory John is operating on here with his distinction between "right" and "privilege", but the standard model in US constitutional jurisprudence is that rights are essentially double-negatives ("shall not be infringed").
Cynthia I. Maddox (2 months ago)
As a history major, I would have loved John Green as a teacher. The classes would have been shorter and way more amusing.
Jonathan (13 days ago)
Even if liberally tainted and somewhat inaccurate.But, yes, his methods are entertaining.
Aricu Nono (2 months ago)
What all this tells me is that democrats are a terroristic unconstitutional group...
Aricu Nono (2 months ago)
Trumps, the best president ever..
MásalládelaIsla (2 months ago)
My favorite part was the Mystery Document.
Salamander (2 months ago)
John Jay got sick after writing five. James Madison wrote twenty-nine. HAMILTON WROTE THE OTHER FIFTY ONE
Silviana (2 months ago)
Awesome channel
Jonathan (13 days ago)
It would be more awesome with the not-so subtle liberal bias.
Chris Anderson (3 months ago)
The way u speck and how you talk hmmm.... sounds like more a bias view point not unbias like I guess you were going for. Rather have siri tell me about the history of the constitution.
Patricia Garcies (3 months ago)
why so much hatred for New Jersey tho? (sorry , feel dumb for asking but not from US and neither in John Green's head) haha
Alexis Gawd (3 months ago)
Eric Cholico (3 months ago)
Adela Scotland (3 months ago)
Love the shade thrown at Burr. Lol
Divine Alvarez (3 months ago)
Watching this and the revolutionary war videos after listening to Hamilton cause so many songs to just appear in my head.
Pedro Zaragoza (3 months ago)
The US is a most amazing and extraordinary nation with rock solid foundations. God bless the USA.
Yari Yara (3 months ago)
America is a whole continent comprised of north, central, and south america. What you are refering to is the USA
Jonathan (13 days ago)
And we refer to the United States of Mexico as Mexico.
Adam Mandela Walden (3 months ago)
No, but her prison terms that goes from 5 to 10. Because the Declaration of independence doesn't start of "We the People," the US Constitution does.
Steven Pasek (3 months ago)
This video sucks
Lance Patterson (3 months ago)
Almost as though he seems against guns 🤔
D Rageway (3 months ago)
They knew about more advanced weaponry that existed at the time, Johnny Boy.
Divya Addala (3 months ago)
i am here for hamilton
As it turns out, nobody likes the ellectoral college. Explain then France's beggining and stagnatism with it and Venezuela's descentralization which led to extreme poverty because of useless military who thought they could govern. Is it just me or that anyone that doesn't like just want MOB rule? If a majority of the population is highly uneducated and can vote for whatever comes to be agreed on when congress abades to an idea that they support ae in order to CONTROL their support, then we will have Caligula's just running around our laws within every inch of the law to explain any due process with no bars being hold while feverishly asking that goverment should stripe you of further liberties and choices due to it's immensely volatile self deprication through stupidity to follow propaganda and the elect! Something they wanted to avoid!
h๏shi (3 months ago)
"[Patriotic Rock Music]"
pinkywinky222 (3 months ago)
Here because of Hamilton!
Undefender (3 months ago)
The electoral college is actually a genius system in which a mob majority is almost impossible. Thank you for trying to destroy the best idea in history ever. Not to mention free healthcare sucks as it has put a burden of tax on Canadians and the average wait time for ANY illness,injury, or medication is 3 months
grabir01 (3 months ago)
We are a Christian Constitutional Republic. Axiomatic.
Jesse Collins (3 months ago)
That’s funny you say if it’s a riot the government should buy you a drone. Not only is healthcare not a right just because you have a right to something doesn’t mean the government should purchase it for you. Shows the inconsistency with liberals. They would never claim the government should buy somebody a handgun even though the Constitution clearly .
Jonathan (13 days ago)
"if it's a riot the government"*right*Otherwise, agreed.
Alejandro Lopez (3 months ago)
I just came here for homework
Ayush Suri (3 months ago)
"senator" is also an anagram for "treason" PALPATIINNNNEE
Coolstool Games (4 months ago)
nice typography in the begining
paul mcclaren (4 months ago)
Here is the truth. The original Aricles of CONFEDERATION fully kept power in the hands of local and state sovereighnty. The state delegates were sent by the people to review and improve upon these Articles. What they did ON THEIR OWN was to scrap the Articles and create a centralised new constitution. These delegates are the original destroyers of American freedom. Our people have yet to recover from their sins.
Doug Evans (4 months ago)
Downvote, for statist propaganda. The sticker on your computer should read "this machine supports fascists" not "this machine kills fascists".
Mackenzie (4 months ago)
We watched this crash course in social studies like weeks ago
Thorin Bridges (4 months ago)
RIP Fascists
Daniel Pinnock (4 months ago)
Why does everyone love Hamilton? Just a guy that organised some stuff?
Fatima (4 months ago)
"Hamilton wrote tHE OTHER FIFTY ONE" I'm sorry but I had to do it
Zendaya (4 months ago)
what’s ur name man? ALEXANDER HAMILTON
ETHAN ANGELES (4 months ago)
lol play them at 1.5 it's easier to cram
Jonathan (13 days ago)
I play all my videos at 2x.

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