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Living Underwater: How Submarines Work

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Try Brilliant out for free at http://Brilliant.org/Wendover The first 200 people to use that link will also get 20% off their annual premium subscription Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt: https://standard.tv/collections/wendover-productions/products/wendover-productions-shirt Check out my personal channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDA1X6RrhzZQOHOGvC3KsWg Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Instagram: http://Instagram.com/sam.from.wendover Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: [email protected] Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington and Elise Heersink Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec M Watson, Andrew J Thom, Arkadiy Kulev, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harrison Wiener, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, Kyle, KyQuan Phong, Manoj Kasyap Govindaraju, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, and Tim Robinson Music by http://epidemicsound.com Select footage courtesy the AP Archive Select footage courtesy Bigstock: http://bit.ly/bigstock-videofreetrial References [1] https://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/the-world’s-biggest-bomb-about-this-episode/846/ [2] https://www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2017/05/trident-ii-d5-submarine-nuclear-missiles.html; https://www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2017/05/trident-ii-d5-submarine-nuclear-missiles.html [3] https://www.military.com/equipment/ssbn-fleet-ballistic-missile-submarine [4] https://newatlas.com/future-submarines-modern-warfare/49896/ [5] https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/navy-ships/a21204892/nuclear-missile-submarines-chart/ [6] https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/north-koreas-new-ballistic-missile-submarine-proves-one-thing-25277; https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/introducing-israels-deadly-dolphin-class-submarine-armed-nuclear-weapons-40272 [7] https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/navy-ships/a24071288/the-navys-next-attack-submarine-will-be-big-expensive/ [8] https://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2018/03/08/mutually-assured-detection [9] https://news.usni.org/2018/11/12/first-nuclear-deterrence-patrol-marks-major-step-indian-submarine-force [10] http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/36824917/trident-what-are-the-letters-of-last-resort [11] https://fas.org/nuke/guide/usa/slbm/ssbn-726.htm [12] https://www.navy.mil/navydata/fact_display.asp?cid=4100&tid=200&ct=4 [13] https://www.stripes.com/news/on-a-submarine-ordinary-activities-are-anything-but-routine-1.93230 [14] http://americanhistory.si.edu/subs/operating/aboard/leisure/index.html [15] https://www.public.navy.mil/bupers-npc/enlisted/community/submarine/Documents/EWIS%20CCC_Fleet_Brief_Final.pdf [16] https://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=34251 [17] https://www.military.com/daily-news/2015/10/16/submarine-force-now-24hour-work-day.html [18] https://fas.org/nuke/guide/usa/slbm/ssbn-726.htm [19] https://www.wearethemighty.com/articles/this-is-what-its-like-inside-the-worlds-largest-submarine [20] https://www.cnn.com/2016/05/06/politics/life-on-uss-missouri-nuclear-submarine/index.html [21] https://www.navy.mil/ah_online/ftrStory.asp?issue=3&id=86409 [22] https://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=95177 [23] https://www.quora.com/If-you-are-deployed-on-a-US-submarine-and-a-close-relative-dies-do-they-surface-and-allow-you-to-go-home-for-the-funeral [24] http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=242 [25] http://www.vlf.it/zevs/zevs.htm [26] https://sites.google.com/site/elfulfcommunication/home/specifications [27] https://www.seradata.com/submarines-look-to-ka-band-to-increase-bandwidth-of-satellite-burst-transmissions/ [28] https://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/engines-equipment/submarine4.htm [29] https://www.navlab.net/Publications/Introduction_to_Inertial_Navigation.pdf [30] https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/2009-two-nuclear-submarines-collided-under-the-sea-they-were-18690 [31] https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/submarines-about-become-obsolete-27597 [32] https://www.bbc.com/news/10130909 [33] http://americanhistory.si.edu/subs/work/missions/warfare/index.html [34] https://www.globalfirepower.com/navy-submarines.asp
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Text Comments (2138)
Wendover Productions (3 months ago)
I hope you enjoy this video! One note: the little numbers that pop up in the bottom-left corner are references. By matching the number to the ones at the bottom of the description you can find where a piece of information comes from in the video.
Deipatrous (5 days ago)
9:18 English Channel?
Hollywood (9 days ago)
That Trident Missile looked like a tampon
xSandowx (2 months ago)
This is the best info channel on youtube! Huge fan of you!!
Vandi Pradiktya (3 months ago)
good job for adding refferences, you deserves a like man
Hindu Goat (3 months ago)
if you spam advertising, you automatically get a thumbs down
Rondo Hunter (5 hours ago)
OMG! British and French nuclear subs "accidentally" run into one another and not a war began!
BuffaloBen (14 hours ago)
Todd Wolf child (15 hours ago)
Great video.
Jackson Amaral (16 hours ago)
anticarrrot (21 hours ago)
Surprisingly balanced view of things.
Jim Beaux (1 day ago)
This video is super well made. Got a new “sub” from me! Dahduhm tsssss
Royce West (1 day ago)
This send chills down my spine just thinking of the possibility that North Korea could have a nuclear sub just of the coast🥶🤯
Viktor (19 hours ago)
No, they may have a nuclear submarines, but there's no way they would have the technologies to make it stealth enough for it to pass through US defences.
Caleb Taylor (1 day ago)
"8 hours working"
Hassan AL Zubi (1 day ago)
? هل تريد فلافل الحرس الثوري الايراني الاصلي
Nelson Gonzalez (2 days ago)
Damn! Being a submariner is tough! Really wish they had better resources onboard i.e. better beds, gyms, food/food storage, amenities and facilities. Heck, at least give them a way to get a tan, I mean, a handful of tanning booths would be helpful!
Scott Whitley (2 days ago)
Hi friends. Have you ever thought about where you'll spend eternity? It's the most important question you will ever consider. We have all broken God's moral law - the 10 commandments. This is also why we need Jesus Christ as our personal Savior. Can I ask you some questions my friend? How many lies have you told in your life? What do we call someone who tells lies? Have you ever stolen something? What do we call someone who steals? A thief. Have you ever taken God's name in vain (omg)? God said He will not hold harmless those who misuse His name. Jesus said if a man even looks at a woman with lust in his heart then he's already committed adultery with her in his heart. Have you ever looked with lust my friend? This is just 4 out of the 10 commandments that we have broken. Since we have broken God's moral law, we deserve to be separated from God forever in hell. But God in His love sent His Son Jesus to die for my sin and your sin my friend. To have your sins forgiven and have eternal life place your faith in Jesus just like you would a parachute when having to jump out of an airplane at 30,000 feet. You can't just believe in the parachute you have to place your faith in it by putting it on. After you pray to receive Jesus read John 3 and 4. Then read the Bible every single day of your life no matter what and also pray that God will help you understand what you read. Please, please, please think about this my friend. Judgment is coming and this is how you get prepared.
Ingolf Stern (2 days ago)
so, so wrong on every count.
Kim Borland (2 days ago)
I heard that navy has the best food because of morale and they get good chefs
Krombopulos T (3 days ago)
What a small pool inside of a submarine. how extra you gotta be
Kerron Manwaring (4 days ago)
Manoj Kandemulla (6 days ago)
Sometimes I eat submarines. Thatz all I know.
bestamerica (6 days ago)
' americans men are great working in the submarines that NOT allowed to uses contact lens and eyeglasses at all... must be good sharp seesights as 18/18 to 20/20
bestamerica (6 days ago)
' come on america navy shipyard company... america can do it makeing better bigger size submarine as double ohio-class submarine in become ONE super submarine plus longer, 30 super tridents missiles, 20 torpedos missiles
bestamerica (6 days ago)
' what to do with the shield window at 244 to 249... do this window stand stay-up while under the ocean or window down
William Eric Wolff (6 days ago)
SONAR isn't useful for navigating for many reasons, including but not limited to landmasses are too far away, there are two many things that can distort sounds, sound travels at different speeds in different water densities, and lots of etc. USN/NSA has a detailed map of the earth's magnetic field (EMF). The field is as complex as any ground. The EMF map is as good for navigating in water as a topographic map of the earth's ground surface is for navigating the earth's ground. In fact, what should be obvious, the EMF map can be used to navigate on ground and in air as well. Also, the oceans have a complex, but well established 3D global network of underwater currents. These currents carry information in the form of temperature, chemistry, velocity (speed and direction), density, etc. Ocean life and and its by-products carry information about location (and other things). Low sounds travel better through water than high sounds. So. Sounds from geological processes carry location information. The movement of large ships on the surface (shipping and cruising are tightly scheduled activities) carries location information. Waves crashing on shores carry location information. There's more. The point is, computers and highly trained personnel together can process data from a myriad of sources to determine a submarine's location with great accuracy and precision. And tell what's in the ship's vicinity. Which brings me to another point. There's no way either of two subs in close proximity couldn't know about the other. If two subs collided, even at low speed (the energy / momentum / inertia of a sub is enormous) the sound of the collision inside the subs (enclosed space with nowhere to prevent air compression) would be seriously harmful to the health of personnel on both subs. Two subs sideswiping each other couldn't be a chance encounter. They were playing chicken or some such thing, trying to see how close they could get.
William Eric Wolff (6 days ago)
Nuclear warheads can't accidentally detonate. Certainly not as the result of a collision. The danger is damage to the nuclear power plant.
William Eric Wolff (6 days ago)
Your longwinded description of communications is incorrect. USN/NSA operates a submerged wired network SWAN LAKE.
Thrakerzad (6 days ago)
imagine if the suez and panama canals didn't exist, maybe they could strap rockets onto this thing and fly over the thinnest swath of land, assuming these things even use canals.
App Dev (6 days ago)
Gene Murphy (7 days ago)
We (601) had fresh eggs until they crack open a bad one then we had canned eggs then powdered eggs fresh milk was gone at the first underway meal then powdered milk evaporated milk was added to help with flavor (don’t get me started on bug juice as it classified, lol ROTD lmao) fresh vegetables about a week as both ice boxes were freezers and we kept oxygen around 20% for the nukes and screw the coners (kidding) because the reactor needs 18% or it shuts down (again lol); the air goes to the fan room thru FILTERS then the main fans where it gets pushed to both ends of the boat thru CO-H2 burners & CO2 scrubbers and O2 is added as necessary from onboard high pressure storage tanks and made by the O2 generator (nicknamed the “Bomb”) Thanx from the left coast near the Krapitol of California
Minh Nguyễn (7 days ago)
Das Boot~ 😊
tony yeaple (7 days ago)
I signed my Navy contract about a week ago for Nuke with the intention of volunteering for subs, from what I hear from every submariner ive talked to, including my dad, subs officers are incredible lax and laid back, much much more then surface ships, i guess cause its already hard enough down there without your CO ripping you a new hole for not having your sheets tucked in
1.123 4 (7 days ago)
this pretty much shows everything about submarines but actually NOT as submarines work as promised by the video title.
Georgia T (7 days ago)
of course we named our fucking naval communication system something to do with the prime minister who drowned
Alok Kumar (8 days ago)
what is the size of nuclear reactor in nuclear powered submarine???
A Russian Spy (8 days ago)
So what if we make synthetic food? Then subs can stay out at sea for Years?
CIA (8 days ago)
Did anyone realise that they explained everything about the submarine, except the only thing promised on how they work...😂😂
Kaung min (8 days ago)
Fuck you so much for speaking too fast. Mother fucker who born out of whore pussy.
johans müller (9 days ago)
Useful information for school😂
Shaun Davids (10 days ago)
2019 and you release a how subs work ,at least fifty million videos already ,taught in primary school lmao why?
Madoc _ (11 days ago)
Sting Ray (11 days ago)
centurysword (12 days ago)
the uk's deadliest multiple choice test question
Simon Quach (13 days ago)
I love this channel so informative!
rgerber (14 days ago)
I just SUBscribed
andrewwantsafreetibet (15 days ago)
Wouldn’t it be so cool to have civilian commercial submarine travel?
Mostafa Adel (19 days ago)
5:35 holy shit
Hollywood (20 days ago)
What’s long, hard, and full of seamen? A submarine.
Michael Kahura (11 days ago)
hahaha nasty
Sabastian Anugraha (20 days ago)
Aw, sometime i forget nhow big submarine actually is
Rebmetpes4 (22 days ago)
Rebmetpes4 (22 days ago)
We had three sections and we worked straight 6 hour watches!
Rebmetpes4 (22 days ago)
Guided missiles are taking over!
Rebmetpes4 (22 days ago)
Aint this Classified information lol! #usswyomingssbn742sonarfuckup
MYTsky0611 (22 days ago)
“sees chart at 5:43” me:wut?
kakarroto007 (23 days ago)
Thank you, bubble-heads. I appreciate all that you do.
Half_Finis (24 days ago)
This is such a great video
Keinlieb (25 days ago)
Hmm, was looking for a video of "How submarines work" not "what life is like on a submarine"...
0riginee (26 days ago)
hooray hooray - Gerard Butler 2018
Pro TrashBoat (26 days ago)
Ehh, probably ab 40% accurate
Philip Kuo (26 days ago)
Thank you for putting Taiwan as a country at 1:21 - this is the type of Wendover content I want to see.
Harry Balzak (26 days ago)
IIRC submarines rarely use active anymore. They found out it completely messes up whale's navigation.
Other communications *man stands on top of sub trying to get signal*
Skep (1 month ago)
Where's your notes at NUB!
T Bass Bone (1 month ago)
While I really appreciate all the effort that has gone into this (I was a professional TV editor for many years) our narrator to my ear keeps saying "summarines" and not suBmarines this bugs me to the depths of Davey Jone's locker and as an editor I am envisioning him walking the plank. Other than that? Love it. :)
Dave Shell (1 month ago)
No friendly ships, only targets.
Chad McTaggart (1 month ago)
Seriously what are the odds do two submarines touching in the ocean. That is absolutely insane!!!
Doxie Lain (1 month ago)
That sun (set or rise) in the last submarine shot is beautiful.
Isaac J (1 month ago)
For food-get a drag net and use that for fresh sea food everyday For freedom and morale-install a host of VR machines
Thomas McLeod (1 month ago)
Need it. Getting ready for the times
Bryce Powell (1 month ago)
With the family death thing, that only applies if they are doing exercises. A family friend of ours had a death in their family. The sailor who was on the sub was the deceased mans son. Once the drill ended, an Australian military ship picked him up and took him to an American ship. Anyways, unless they are doing an exercise or something just as important, they will inform the sailor.
Maysen Derrera (1 month ago)
shahid kayani (1 month ago)
Where do sailors smoke??
Killjoy26 (1 month ago)
Not sure if you knew but nuclear missiles won’t detonate even if they blow up unless they go through the whole process of nuclear detonation. The builders of them installed safeties cause they didn’t want a nuke going off if Charlie drops the warhead.
Prashant Jakkannavar (1 month ago)
Title of this video should be "How submarines communicate"
Tornade (1 month ago)
3:37 Virginia Class Submarine
And you forget pakistan . Pakistan also launch ballistic missile from sub Marine. You can search video
Tirta Purnaraga (1 month ago)
Please sub indo
laugh ties (1 month ago)
Pakistan submarines are also capable of carrying nuclear weapons
BadUploadScheduleツ (1 month ago)
No wifi? No thank you
Chad's Rig 2018 F-150 (1 month ago)
Burgersaurus (1 month ago)
And that’s how “any” it gets
Kiyingi Rogers (1 month ago)
No explanation of how it go up and goes down.
Get Real (1 month ago)
We nearly had a nuclear war already when we didn’t inform another country about a nuclear test and it showed up on their radar as a nuke and the man in charge decided not to retaliate even when everybody was trying to press the red button he saved mankind
Get Real (1 month ago)
Frances sub only shoots white flags that say “bang” on it.
Gregory Thomas (1 month ago)
@11:24 The coloring of the sky & water is very beautiful here.
Akbardad Khan (1 month ago)
Pakistan is also nuclear capable missile submarine
baudsp (1 month ago)
The comment on the nuclear submarines having the best food of the fleet seems to be true too for the French ones, according to a friend who served on one.
Neriman (1 month ago)
Isnt that so claustrophobic:O
Dabadibadooba (1 month ago)
How sunken boats work
Gabriel Sydgard (1 month ago)
We have 2 submarines (1 is a beached russian from WW2 i believe) - Sweden
Gabriel Sydgard (1 month ago)
Glad to be in the video though, thx😊
Petar Nićiforović (2 months ago)
Still no "how it works"
Tcho Laury (2 months ago)
Love it!! 👍🏼👍🏼
Mit.07.AF (2 months ago)
Where do sailors on submarines go to knock one off?
Mehul Jain (2 months ago)
Saare Jahan se accha Hindustan hamara🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳
Steve Dong (2 months ago)
This is another airplane video comparing the size of two planes flying over and under the water.
Two Tailed Warrior (2 months ago)
The food is best in subs to compensate for it being the most dangerous job. In WWII, the USN only assigned sailors who volunteered, since chance of death is very high. I dont know if that still applies today.
Doug SwampRat (2 months ago)
Hint, the answer is ballast.
Vieux Bal (2 months ago)
Thanks for this great video full of information. One should not be claustrophobic to live in a submarine. The view at 11:20 is just out of this world!!!!!
itaybron (2 months ago)
i played enough defcon to know where this was going
Michael Gray (2 months ago)
Who wants to do that
Self Made (2 months ago)
But how do submarines know what country to attack
Wrinkled Pugoda (2 months ago)
Yoo, where are my FA submariners at?
F F (2 months ago)
Pakistans babur 3 has the capability to
Jeff Collins (2 months ago)
I don't know why the communication buoy idea isn't used in all subs. And he mentioned it was for receiving signals. This seems like a good way that the sub could communicate with the outside world without really giving up its position. I suppose that the signals it broadcasts could be detected and give away it's position?

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